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SubjectRe: Slow file transfer speeds with CFQ IO scheduler in some cases
Wu Fengguang, on 02/13/2009 04:57 AM wrote:
> On Thu, Feb 12, 2009 at 09:35:18PM +0300, Vladislav Bolkhovitin wrote:
>> Sorry for such a huge delay. There were many other activities I had to
>> do before + I had to be sure I didn't miss anything.
>> We didn't use NFS, we used SCST ( with
>> iSCSI-SCST target driver. It has similar to NFS architecture, where N
>> threads (N=5 in this case) handle IO from remote initiators (clients)
>> coming from wire using iSCSI protocol. In addition, SCST has patch
>> called export_alloc_io_context (see
>>, which allows for the IO threads
>> queue IO using single IO context, so we can see if context RA can
>> replace grouping IO threads in single IO context.
>> Unfortunately, the results are negative. We find neither any advantages
>> of context RA over current RA implementation, nor possibility for
>> context RA to replace grouping IO threads in single IO context.
>> Setup on the target (server) was the following. 2 SATA drives grouped in
>> md RAID-0 with average local read throughput ~120MB/s ("dd if=/dev/zero
>> of=/dev/md0 bs=1M count=20000" outputs "20971520000 bytes (21 GB)
>> copied, 177,742 s, 118 MB/s"). The md device was partitioned on 3
>> partitions. The first partition was 10% of space in the beginning of the
>> device, the last partition was 10% of space in the end of the device,
>> the middle one was the rest in the middle of the space them. Then the
>> first and the last partitions were exported to the initiator (client).
>> They were /dev/sdb and /dev/sdc on it correspondingly.
> Vladislav, Thank you for the benchmarks! I'm very interested in
> optimizing your workload and figuring out what happens underneath.
> Are the client and server two standalone boxes connected by GBE?
> When you set readahead sizes in the benchmarks, you are setting them
> in the server side? I.e. "linux-4dtq" is the SCST server? What's the
> client side readahead size?
> It would help a lot to debug readahead if you can provide the
> server side readahead stats and trace log for the worst case.
> This will automatically answer the above questions as well as disclose
> the micro-behavior of readahead:
> mount -t debugfs none /sys/kernel/debug
> echo > /sys/kernel/debug/readahead/stats # reset counters
> # do benchmark
> cat /sys/kernel/debug/readahead/stats
> echo 1 > /sys/kernel/debug/readahead/trace_enable
> # do micro-benchmark, i.e. run the same benchmark for a short time
> echo 0 > /sys/kernel/debug/readahead/trace_enable
> dmesg
> The above readahead trace should help find out how the client side
> sequential reads convert into server side random reads, and how we can
> prevent that.

See attached. Could you comment the logs, please, so I will also be able
to read them in the future?

Thank you,

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