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Subject[PATCH v9 7/7] PCI: manual for SR-IOV user and driver developer
Date
Signed-off-by: Yu Zhao <yu.zhao@intel.com>
---
Documentation/DocBook/kernel-api.tmpl | 1 +
Documentation/PCI/pci-iov-howto.txt | 99 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 100 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/PCI/pci-iov-howto.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/kernel-api.tmpl b/Documentation/DocBook/kernel-api.tmpl
index 5818ff7..506e611 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/kernel-api.tmpl
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/kernel-api.tmpl
@@ -251,6 +251,7 @@ X!Edrivers/pci/hotplug.c
-->
!Edrivers/pci/probe.c
!Edrivers/pci/rom.c
+!Edrivers/pci/iov.c
</sect1>
<sect1><title>PCI Hotplug Support Library</title>
!Edrivers/pci/hotplug/pci_hotplug_core.c
diff --git a/Documentation/PCI/pci-iov-howto.txt b/Documentation/PCI/pci-iov-howto.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fc73ef5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/PCI/pci-iov-howto.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,99 @@
+ PCI Express I/O Virtualization Howto
+ Copyright (C) 2009 Intel Corporation
+ Yu Zhao <yu.zhao@intel.com>
+
+
+1. Overview
+
+1.1 What is SR-IOV
+
+Single Root I/O Virtualization (SR-IOV) is a PCI Express Extended
+capability which makes one physical device appear as multiple virtual
+devices. The physical device is referred to as Physical Function (PF)
+while the virtual devices are referred to as Virtual Functions (VF).
+Allocation of the VF can be dynamically controlled by the PF via
+registers encapsulated in the capability. By default, this feature is
+not enabled and the PF behaves as traditional PCIe device. Once it's
+turned on, each VF's PCI configuration space can be accessed by its own
+Bus, Device and Function Number (Routing ID). And each VF also has PCI
+Memory Space, which is used to map its register set. VF device driver
+operates on the register set so it can be functional and appear as a
+real existing PCI device.
+
+2. User Guide
+
+2.1 How can I enable SR-IOV capability
+
+The device driver (PF driver) will control the enabling and disabling
+of the capability via API provided by SR-IOV core. If the hardware
+has SR-IOV capability, loading its PF driver would enable it and all
+VFs associated with the PF.
+
+2.2 How can I use the Virtual Functions
+
+The VF is treated as hot-plugged PCI devices in the kernel, so they
+should be able to work in the same way as real PCI devices. The VF
+requires device driver that is same as a normal PCI device's.
+
+3. Developer Guide
+
+3.1 SR-IOV API
+
+To enable SR-IOV capability:
+ int pci_enable_sriov(struct pci_dev *dev, int nr_virtfn);
+ 'nr_virtfn' is number of VFs to be enabled.
+
+To disable SR-IOV capability:
+ void pci_disable_sriov(struct pci_dev *dev);
+
+To notify SR-IOV core of Virtual Function Migration:
+ irqreturn_t pci_sriov_migration(struct pci_dev *dev);
+
+3.2 Usage example
+
+Following piece of code illustrates the usage of the SR-IOV API.
+
+static int __devinit dev_probe(struct pci_dev *dev, const struct pci_device_id *id)
+{
+ pci_enable_sriov(dev, NR_VIRTFN);
+
+ ...
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void __devexit dev_remove(struct pci_dev *dev)
+{
+ pci_disable_sriov(dev);
+
+ ...
+}
+
+static int dev_suspend(struct pci_dev *dev, pm_message_t state)
+{
+ ...
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int dev_resume(struct pci_dev *dev)
+{
+ ...
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void dev_shutdown(struct pci_dev *dev)
+{
+ ...
+}
+
+static struct pci_driver dev_driver = {
+ .name = "SR-IOV Physical Function driver",
+ .id_table = dev_id_table,
+ .probe = dev_probe,
+ .remove = __devexit_p(dev_remove),
+ .suspend = dev_suspend,
+ .resume = dev_resume,
+ .shutdown = dev_shutdown,
+};
--
1.5.6.4


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