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SubjectRe: [ltt-dev] [RFC git tree] Userspace RCU (urcu) for Linux (repost)
On Tue, Feb 10, 2009 at 02:17:31PM -0500, Mathieu Desnoyers wrote:
> * Paul E. McKenney (paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com) wrote:
> > On Mon, Feb 09, 2009 at 02:03:17AM -0500, Mathieu Desnoyers wrote:
> >
> > [ . . . ]
> >
> > > I just added modified rcutorture.h and api.h from your git tree
> > > specifically for an urcutorture program to the repository. Some results :
> > >
> > > 8-way x86_64
> > > E5405 @2 GHZ
> > >
> > > ./urcutorture 8 perf
> > > n_reads: 1937650000 n_updates: 3 nreaders: 8 nupdaters: 1 duration: 1
> > > ns/read: 4.12871 ns/update: 3.33333e+08
> > >
> > > ./urcutorture 8 uperf
> > > n_reads: 0 n_updates: 4413892 nreaders: 0 nupdaters: 8 duration: 1
> > > ns/read: nan ns/update: 1812.46
> > >
> > > n_reads: 98844204 n_updates: 10 n_mberror: 0
> > > rcu_stress_count: 98844171 33 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
> > >
> > > However, I've tried removing the second switch_qparity() call, and the
> > > rcutorture test did not detect anything wrong. I also did a variation
> > > which calls the "sched_yield" version of the urcu, "urcutorture-yield".
> >
> > My confusion -- I was testing my old approach where the memory barriers
> > are in rcu_read_lock() and rcu_read_unlock(). To force the failures in
> > your signal-handler-memory-barrier approach, I suspect that you are
> > going to need a bigger hammer. In this case, one such bigger hammer
> > would be:
> >
> > o Just before exit from the signal handler, do a
> > pthread_cond_wait() under a pthread_mutex().
> >
> > o In force_mb_all_threads(), refrain from sending a signal to self.
> >
> > Then it should be safe in force_mb_all_threads() to do a
> > pthread_cond_broadcast() under the same pthread_mutex().
> >
> > This should raise the probability of seeing the failure in the case
> > where there is a single switch_qparity().
> >
>
> I just did a mb() version of the urcu :
>
> (uncomment CFLAGS=+-DDEBUG_FULL_MB in the Makefile)
>
> Time per read : 48.4086 cycles
> (about 6-7 times slower, as expected)
>
> This will be useful especially to increase the chance to trigger races.
>
> I tried removing the second parity switch from the writer. The rcu
> torture test did not find the problem yet (maybe I am not using the
> correct parameters ? It does not run for more than 5 seconds).
>
> So I added a "-n" option to test_urcu, so it can make the usleep(1)
> between the writes optional. I also changed the yield for a usleep with
> random delay. I also now use a circular buffer rather than malloc so we
> are sure the memory is not quickly reused by the writer and stays longer
> in an invalid state.
>
> So what really make the problem appear quickly is to add a delay between
> the rcu_dereference and the assertion on the data validity in thr_reader.
>
> It now appears after just a few seconds when running
> ./test_urcu_yield 20 -r -n
> Compiled with CFLAGS=+-DDEBUG_FULL_MB
>
> It seem to be much harder to trigger with the signal-based version. It's
> expected, because the writer takes about 50 times longer to execute than
> with the -DDEBUG_FULL_MB version.
>
> So I'll let the ./test_urcu_yield NN -r -n run for a while on the
> correct version (with DEBUG_FULL_MB) and see what it gives.

Hmmm... I had worse luck this time, took three 10-second tries to
see a failure:

paulmck@paulmck-laptop:~/paper/perfbook/CodeSamples/defer$ ./rcu_nest32 1 stress
n_reads: 44682055 n_updates: 9609503 n_mberror: 0
rcu_stress_count: 44679377 2678 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
paulmck@paulmck-laptop:~/paper/perfbook/CodeSamples/defer$ !!
./rcu_nest32 1 stress
n_reads: 42281884 n_updates: 9870129 n_mberror: 0
rcu_stress_count: 42277756 4128 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
paulmck@paulmck-laptop:~/paper/perfbook/CodeSamples/defer$ !!
./rcu_nest32 1 stress
n_reads: 41384304 n_updates: 10040805 n_mberror: 0
rcu_stress_count: 41380075 4228 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
paulmck@paulmck-laptop:~/paper/perfbook/CodeSamples/defer$

This is my prototype version, with read-side memory barriers, no
signals, and without your initialization-value speedup.

Thanx, Paul


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