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    Subjectgit pull request for tip/tracing/urgent


    The bug that is fixed by this change can affect users. Most likely it will
    not, since the fault should never happen. But this is a protective
    mechanism, where if it does, that means there is a bug in the tracer.

    As you have previously told me, a bug in the tracer should never crash the
    kernel. Since the detection of a fault in the function graph tracer can
    lead to a kernel crash (without this change) I think this qualifies as
    something for 29.

    -- Steve

    The following patch is in:


    branch: tip/tracing/urgent

    Steven Rostedt (1):
    tracing, x86: fix fixup section to return to original code

    arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c | 8 +++++---
    1 files changed, 5 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
    commit e3944bfac961cd7fc82f3b3143c55dc375748569
    Author: Steven Rostedt <>
    Date: Tue Feb 10 13:07:13 2009 -0500

    tracing, x86: fix fixup section to return to original code

    Impact: fix to prevent a kernel crash on fault

    If for some reason the pointer to the parent function on the
    stack takes a fault, the fix up code will not return back to
    the original faulting code. This can lead to unpredictable
    results and perhaps even a kernel panic.

    A fault should not happen, but if it does, we should simply
    disable the tracer, warn, and continue running the kernel.
    It should not lead to a kernel crash.

    Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <>

    diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c b/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c
    index 1b43086..9d549e4 100644
    --- a/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c
    +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c
    @@ -491,13 +491,15 @@ void prepare_ftrace_return(unsigned long *parent, unsigned long self_addr)
    "1: " _ASM_MOV " (%[parent_old]), %[old]\n"
    "2: " _ASM_MOV " %[return_hooker], (%[parent_replaced])\n"
    " movl $0, %[faulted]\n"
    + "3:\n"

    ".section .fixup, \"ax\"\n"
    - "3: movl $1, %[faulted]\n"
    + "4: movl $1, %[faulted]\n"
    + " jmp 3b\n"

    - _ASM_EXTABLE(1b, 3b)
    - _ASM_EXTABLE(2b, 3b)
    + _ASM_EXTABLE(1b, 4b)
    + _ASM_EXTABLE(2b, 4b)

    : [parent_replaced] "=r" (parent), [old] "=r" (old),
    [faulted] "=r" (faulted)

     \ /
      Last update: 2009-02-10 19:21    [W:0.022 / U:4.560 seconds]
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