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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/1] X86: use explicit register name for get/put_user
On 12/07/2009 04:37 AM, Jiri Slaby wrote:
> Is this documented somewhere? Or do we rely on an undocumented feature?
> I mean it doesn't refer only to the constraint but also to a concrete
> register allocation. As far as I understand it (from the gcc 4.4
> documentation), if one does
> "insn %0" : "=r" (out) : "0" (in)
> the "0" constraint corresponds to the concrete register allocated for
> out, not to any register (which is the constraint "r").

Yes, but it only corresponds to the information that is conveyed in the
register selection.

> In the document they write only about the "same location" occupied by in
> and out, nothing is said about size (and hence I think we cannot
> mismatch size of operands). And I couldn't find any other
> restrictions/documentation about inline assembly, hence the patch,
> because nothing assured me this cannot change in the future.

There is almost no documentation at all; some of the little
documentation there is is in comments in the source code. To a first
order of approximation, asm() is defined by behavior, not by a written
spec. Trying to play language lawyer with the little bit that is
written down is pointless -- the gcc people have been more than happy to
break asm() between releases regardless of what is and is not written down.

> Now I tried different compilers (clang, llvm-gcc) and they choke on that:
> $ cat c.c
> void x(void)
> {
> unsigned long in;
> int out;
> asm("insn %0" : "=r" (out) : "0" (in));
> }
> $ clang c.c -S -o -
> c.c:5:36: error: unsupported inline asm: input with type 'unsigned long'
> matching output with type 'int'
> asm("insn %0" : "=r" (out) : "0" (in));
> ~~~ ^~
> 1 diagnostic generated.
> $ llvm-gcc c.c -S -o -
> c.c: In function 'x':
> c.c:5: error: unsupported inline asm: input constraint with a matching
> output constraint of incompatible type!
> thanks for the review,

gcc is the standard for gcc-style asm()... if they don't comply, that a


H. Peter Anvin, Intel Open Source Technology Center
I work for Intel. I don't speak on their behalf.

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