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Subject[tip:sched/urgent] sched: Fix balance vs hotplug race
Commit-ID:  6ad4c18884e864cf4c77f9074d3d1816063f99cd
Gitweb: http://git.kernel.org/tip/6ad4c18884e864cf4c77f9074d3d1816063f99cd
Author: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
AuthorDate: Wed, 25 Nov 2009 13:31:39 +0100
Committer: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
CommitDate: Sun, 6 Dec 2009 21:10:56 +0100

sched: Fix balance vs hotplug race

Since (e761b77: cpu hotplug, sched: Introduce cpu_active_map and redo
sched domain managment) we have cpu_active_mask which is suppose to rule
scheduler migration and load-balancing, except it never (fully) did.

The particular problem being solved here is a crash in try_to_wake_up()
where select_task_rq() ends up selecting an offline cpu because
select_task_rq_fair() trusts the sched_domain tree to reflect the
current state of affairs, similarly select_task_rq_rt() trusts the
root_domain.

However, the sched_domains are updated from CPU_DEAD, which is after the
cpu is taken offline and after stop_machine is done. Therefore it can
race perfectly well with code assuming the domains are right.

Cure this by building the domains from cpu_active_mask on
CPU_DOWN_PREPARE.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
LKML-Reference: <new-submission>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
---
include/linux/cpumask.h | 2 ++
kernel/cpu.c | 18 +++++++++++++-----
kernel/cpuset.c | 16 +++++++++-------
kernel/sched.c | 32 +++++++++++++++++---------------
4 files changed, 41 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/cpumask.h b/include/linux/cpumask.h
index 789cf5f..d77b547 100644
--- a/include/linux/cpumask.h
+++ b/include/linux/cpumask.h
@@ -84,6 +84,7 @@ extern const struct cpumask *const cpu_active_mask;
#define num_online_cpus() cpumask_weight(cpu_online_mask)
#define num_possible_cpus() cpumask_weight(cpu_possible_mask)
#define num_present_cpus() cpumask_weight(cpu_present_mask)
+#define num_active_cpus() cpumask_weight(cpu_active_mask)
#define cpu_online(cpu) cpumask_test_cpu((cpu), cpu_online_mask)
#define cpu_possible(cpu) cpumask_test_cpu((cpu), cpu_possible_mask)
#define cpu_present(cpu) cpumask_test_cpu((cpu), cpu_present_mask)
@@ -92,6 +93,7 @@ extern const struct cpumask *const cpu_active_mask;
#define num_online_cpus() 1
#define num_possible_cpus() 1
#define num_present_cpus() 1
+#define num_active_cpus() 1
#define cpu_online(cpu) ((cpu) == 0)
#define cpu_possible(cpu) ((cpu) == 0)
#define cpu_present(cpu) ((cpu) == 0)
diff --git a/kernel/cpu.c b/kernel/cpu.c
index 6ba0f1e..b216886 100644
--- a/kernel/cpu.c
+++ b/kernel/cpu.c
@@ -212,6 +212,8 @@ static int __ref _cpu_down(unsigned int cpu, int tasks_frozen)
err = __raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_DOWN_PREPARE | mod,
hcpu, -1, &nr_calls);
if (err == NOTIFY_BAD) {
+ set_cpu_active(cpu, true);
+
nr_calls--;
__raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_DOWN_FAILED | mod,
hcpu, nr_calls, NULL);
@@ -223,11 +225,11 @@ static int __ref _cpu_down(unsigned int cpu, int tasks_frozen)

/* Ensure that we are not runnable on dying cpu */
cpumask_copy(old_allowed, &current->cpus_allowed);
- set_cpus_allowed_ptr(current,
- cpumask_of(cpumask_any_but(cpu_online_mask, cpu)));
+ set_cpus_allowed_ptr(current, cpu_active_mask);

err = __stop_machine(take_cpu_down, &tcd_param, cpumask_of(cpu));
if (err) {
+ set_cpu_active(cpu, true);
/* CPU didn't die: tell everyone. Can't complain. */
if (raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_DOWN_FAILED | mod,
hcpu) == NOTIFY_BAD)
@@ -292,9 +294,6 @@ int __ref cpu_down(unsigned int cpu)

err = _cpu_down(cpu, 0);

- if (cpu_online(cpu))
- set_cpu_active(cpu, true);
-
out:
cpu_maps_update_done();
stop_machine_destroy();
@@ -387,6 +386,15 @@ int disable_nonboot_cpus(void)
* with the userspace trying to use the CPU hotplug at the same time
*/
cpumask_clear(frozen_cpus);
+
+ for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
+ if (cpu == first_cpu)
+ continue;
+ set_cpu_active(cpu, false);
+ }
+
+ synchronize_sched();
+
printk("Disabling non-boot CPUs ...\n");
for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
if (cpu == first_cpu)
diff --git a/kernel/cpuset.c b/kernel/cpuset.c
index 43fb7e8..ba401fa 100644
--- a/kernel/cpuset.c
+++ b/kernel/cpuset.c
@@ -872,7 +872,7 @@ static int update_cpumask(struct cpuset *cs, struct cpuset *trialcs,
if (retval < 0)
return retval;

- if (!cpumask_subset(trialcs->cpus_allowed, cpu_online_mask))
+ if (!cpumask_subset(trialcs->cpus_allowed, cpu_active_mask))
return -EINVAL;
}
retval = validate_change(cs, trialcs);
@@ -2010,7 +2010,7 @@ static void scan_for_empty_cpusets(struct cpuset *root)
}

/* Continue past cpusets with all cpus, mems online */
- if (cpumask_subset(cp->cpus_allowed, cpu_online_mask) &&
+ if (cpumask_subset(cp->cpus_allowed, cpu_active_mask) &&
nodes_subset(cp->mems_allowed, node_states[N_HIGH_MEMORY]))
continue;

@@ -2019,7 +2019,7 @@ static void scan_for_empty_cpusets(struct cpuset *root)
/* Remove offline cpus and mems from this cpuset. */
mutex_lock(&callback_mutex);
cpumask_and(cp->cpus_allowed, cp->cpus_allowed,
- cpu_online_mask);
+ cpu_active_mask);
nodes_and(cp->mems_allowed, cp->mems_allowed,
node_states[N_HIGH_MEMORY]);
mutex_unlock(&callback_mutex);
@@ -2057,8 +2057,10 @@ static int cpuset_track_online_cpus(struct notifier_block *unused_nb,
switch (phase) {
case CPU_ONLINE:
case CPU_ONLINE_FROZEN:
- case CPU_DEAD:
- case CPU_DEAD_FROZEN:
+ case CPU_DOWN_PREPARE:
+ case CPU_DOWN_PREPARE_FROZEN:
+ case CPU_DOWN_FAILED:
+ case CPU_DOWN_FAILED_FROZEN:
break;

default:
@@ -2067,7 +2069,7 @@ static int cpuset_track_online_cpus(struct notifier_block *unused_nb,

cgroup_lock();
mutex_lock(&callback_mutex);
- cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.cpus_allowed, cpu_online_mask);
+ cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.cpus_allowed, cpu_active_mask);
mutex_unlock(&callback_mutex);
scan_for_empty_cpusets(&top_cpuset);
ndoms = generate_sched_domains(&doms, &attr);
@@ -2114,7 +2116,7 @@ static int cpuset_track_online_nodes(struct notifier_block *self,

void __init cpuset_init_smp(void)
{
- cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.cpus_allowed, cpu_online_mask);
+ cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.cpus_allowed, cpu_active_mask);
top_cpuset.mems_allowed = node_states[N_HIGH_MEMORY];

hotcpu_notifier(cpuset_track_online_cpus, 0);
diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index aa31244..281da29 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -4134,7 +4134,7 @@ static int load_balance(int this_cpu, struct rq *this_rq,
unsigned long flags;
struct cpumask *cpus = __get_cpu_var(load_balance_tmpmask);

- cpumask_copy(cpus, cpu_online_mask);
+ cpumask_copy(cpus, cpu_active_mask);

/*
* When power savings policy is enabled for the parent domain, idle
@@ -4297,7 +4297,7 @@ load_balance_newidle(int this_cpu, struct rq *this_rq, struct sched_domain *sd)
int all_pinned = 0;
struct cpumask *cpus = __get_cpu_var(load_balance_tmpmask);

- cpumask_copy(cpus, cpu_online_mask);
+ cpumask_copy(cpus, cpu_active_mask);

/*
* When power savings policy is enabled for the parent domain, idle
@@ -4694,7 +4694,7 @@ int select_nohz_load_balancer(int stop_tick)
cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, nohz.cpu_mask);

/* time for ilb owner also to sleep */
- if (cpumask_weight(nohz.cpu_mask) == num_online_cpus()) {
+ if (cpumask_weight(nohz.cpu_mask) == num_active_cpus()) {
if (atomic_read(&nohz.load_balancer) == cpu)
atomic_set(&nohz.load_balancer, -1);
return 0;
@@ -7093,7 +7093,7 @@ int set_cpus_allowed_ptr(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask)
int ret = 0;

rq = task_rq_lock(p, &flags);
- if (!cpumask_intersects(new_mask, cpu_online_mask)) {
+ if (!cpumask_intersects(new_mask, cpu_active_mask)) {
ret = -EINVAL;
goto out;
}
@@ -7115,7 +7115,7 @@ int set_cpus_allowed_ptr(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask)
if (cpumask_test_cpu(task_cpu(p), new_mask))
goto out;

- if (migrate_task(p, cpumask_any_and(cpu_online_mask, new_mask), &req)) {
+ if (migrate_task(p, cpumask_any_and(cpu_active_mask, new_mask), &req)) {
/* Need help from migration thread: drop lock and wait. */
struct task_struct *mt = rq->migration_thread;

@@ -7269,19 +7269,19 @@ static void move_task_off_dead_cpu(int dead_cpu, struct task_struct *p)

again:
/* Look for allowed, online CPU in same node. */
- for_each_cpu_and(dest_cpu, nodemask, cpu_online_mask)
+ for_each_cpu_and(dest_cpu, nodemask, cpu_active_mask)
if (cpumask_test_cpu(dest_cpu, &p->cpus_allowed))
goto move;

/* Any allowed, online CPU? */
- dest_cpu = cpumask_any_and(&p->cpus_allowed, cpu_online_mask);
+ dest_cpu = cpumask_any_and(&p->cpus_allowed, cpu_active_mask);
if (dest_cpu < nr_cpu_ids)
goto move;

/* No more Mr. Nice Guy. */
if (dest_cpu >= nr_cpu_ids) {
cpuset_cpus_allowed_locked(p, &p->cpus_allowed);
- dest_cpu = cpumask_any_and(cpu_online_mask, &p->cpus_allowed);
+ dest_cpu = cpumask_any_and(cpu_active_mask, &p->cpus_allowed);

/*
* Don't tell them about moving exiting tasks or
@@ -7310,7 +7310,7 @@ move:
*/
static void migrate_nr_uninterruptible(struct rq *rq_src)
{
- struct rq *rq_dest = cpu_rq(cpumask_any(cpu_online_mask));
+ struct rq *rq_dest = cpu_rq(cpumask_any(cpu_active_mask));
unsigned long flags;

local_irq_save(flags);
@@ -7564,7 +7564,7 @@ static ctl_table *sd_alloc_ctl_cpu_table(int cpu)
static struct ctl_table_header *sd_sysctl_header;
static void register_sched_domain_sysctl(void)
{
- int i, cpu_num = num_online_cpus();
+ int i, cpu_num = num_possible_cpus();
struct ctl_table *entry = sd_alloc_ctl_entry(cpu_num + 1);
char buf[32];

@@ -7574,7 +7574,7 @@ static void register_sched_domain_sysctl(void)
if (entry == NULL)
return;

- for_each_online_cpu(i) {
+ for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
snprintf(buf, 32, "cpu%d", i);
entry->procname = kstrdup(buf, GFP_KERNEL);
entry->mode = 0555;
@@ -9100,7 +9100,7 @@ match1:
if (doms_new == NULL) {
ndoms_cur = 0;
doms_new = &fallback_doms;
- cpumask_andnot(doms_new[0], cpu_online_mask, cpu_isolated_map);
+ cpumask_andnot(doms_new[0], cpu_active_mask, cpu_isolated_map);
WARN_ON_ONCE(dattr_new);
}

@@ -9231,8 +9231,10 @@ static int update_sched_domains(struct notifier_block *nfb,
switch (action) {
case CPU_ONLINE:
case CPU_ONLINE_FROZEN:
- case CPU_DEAD:
- case CPU_DEAD_FROZEN:
+ case CPU_DOWN_PREPARE:
+ case CPU_DOWN_PREPARE_FROZEN:
+ case CPU_DOWN_FAILED:
+ case CPU_DOWN_FAILED_FROZEN:
partition_sched_domains(1, NULL, NULL);
return NOTIFY_OK;

@@ -9279,7 +9281,7 @@ void __init sched_init_smp(void)
#endif
get_online_cpus();
mutex_lock(&sched_domains_mutex);
- arch_init_sched_domains(cpu_online_mask);
+ arch_init_sched_domains(cpu_active_mask);
cpumask_andnot(non_isolated_cpus, cpu_possible_mask, cpu_isolated_map);
if (cpumask_empty(non_isolated_cpus))
cpumask_set_cpu(smp_processor_id(), non_isolated_cpus);

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