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Subject__devinitdata, __devinitconst and const?
Hi,

I would like to understand how __devinitdata and __devinitconst works. I
also would like to see what happens if I make a mistake: is it recognised
by any of the static analyze tools (i.e. by gcc or by modpost).

So I created a little test module and I tried to compile it with gcc 4.3.2.
My expectation would be that the variables a, d, e, h, a_str, d_str, e_str
and h_str are OK. I also expect that the variables b, c, f, g, b_str, c_str,
f_str and g_str are wrong because of section mismatch.

The current result, however, is a bit confusing to me. Here it is:

$ make
make -C /lib/modules/2.6.32-rc8/build M=/home/nmarci/c/hello2 modules
make[1]: Entering directory `/usr/src/linux-2.6.32-rc8'
CC [M] /home/nmarci/c/hello2/test.o
/home/nmarci/c/hello2/test.c:5: error: b causes a section type conflict
/home/nmarci/c/hello2/test.c:7: error: d causes a section type conflict
/home/nmarci/c/hello2/test.c:15: error: b_str causes a section type conflict
/home/nmarci/c/hello2/test.c:17: error: d_str causes a section type conflict
/home/nmarci/c/hello2/test.c:20: error: f_str causes a section type conflict
/home/nmarci/c/hello2/test.c:22: error: h_str causes a section type conflict
make[2]: *** [/home/nmarci/c/hello2/test.o] Error 1
make[1]: *** [_module_/home/nmarci/c/hello2] Error 2
make[1]: Leaving directory `/usr/src/linux-2.6.32-rc8'
make: *** [default] Error 2

Here is the source code of my test.c:

------>8------- cut here ----->8-------
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>

int a __devinitdata = 0x11223344;
const int b __devinitdata = 0x55667788; // error: b causes a section type conflict
int c __devinitconst = 0x99AABBCC;
const int d __devinitconst = 0xDDEEFF00; // error: d causes a section type conflict

static int e __devinitdata = 0x12233445;
static const int f __devinitdata = 0x56677889;
static int g __devinitconst = 0x900AABBC;
static const int h __devinitconst = 0xCDDEEFF0;

char a_str[] __devinitdata = "first";
const char b_str[] __devinitdata = "second"; // error: b_str causes a section type conflict
char c_str[] __devinitconst = "third";
const char d_str[] __devinitconst = "fourth"; // error: d_str causes a section type conflict

static char e_str[] __devinitdata = "fifth";
static const char f_str[] __devinitdata = "sixth"; // error: f_str causes a section type conflict
static char g_str[] __devinitconst = "seventh";
static const char h_str[] __devinitconst = "eighth"; // error: h_str causes a section type conflict

static void __devinit probe(void)
{
printk(KERN_ALERT "a=0x%X\n", a);
printk(KERN_ALERT "b=0x%X\n", b);
printk(KERN_ALERT "c=0x%X\n", c);
printk(KERN_ALERT "d=0x%X\n", d);

printk(KERN_ALERT "e=0x%X\n", e);
printk(KERN_ALERT "f=0x%X\n", f);
printk(KERN_ALERT "g=0x%X\n", g);
printk(KERN_ALERT "h=0x%X\n", h);

printk(KERN_ALERT "a_str=%s\n", a_str);
printk(KERN_ALERT "b_str=%s\n", b_str);
printk(KERN_ALERT "c_str=%s\n", c_str);
printk(KERN_ALERT "d_str=%s\n", d_str);

printk(KERN_ALERT "e_str=%s\n", e_str);
printk(KERN_ALERT "f_str=%s\n", f_str);
printk(KERN_ALERT "g_str=%s\n", g_str);
printk(KERN_ALERT "h_str=%s\n", h_str);
}

static int __init test_init(void)
{
printk(KERN_ALERT "Test loaded\n");
probe();

return 0;
}

static void __exit test_exit(void)
{
printk(KERN_ALERT "Test unloaded\n");
}

module_init(test_init);
module_exit(test_exit);
------>8------- cut here ----->8-------

Anybody can tell me what went wrong?

Regards,

Márton Németh

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