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SubjectRe: [RFC 3/4] lockless vma caching
From
Minchan Kim wrote:
>
>
> KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki wrote:
>> For accessing vma in lockless style, some modification for vma lookup is
>> required. Now, rb-tree is used and it doesn't allow read while
>> modification.
>>
>> This is a trial to caching vma rather than diving into rb-tree. The last
>> fault vma is cached to pgd's page->cached_vma field. And, add reference
>> count
>> and waitqueue to vma.
>>
>> The accessor will have to do
>>
>> vma = lookup_vma_cache(mm, address);
>> if (vma) {
>> if (mm_check_version(mm) && /* no write lock at this point ? */
>> (vma->vm_start <= address) && (vma->vm_end > address))
>> goto found_vma; /* start speculative job */
>> else
>> vma_release_cache(vma);
>> vma = NULL;
>> }
>> vma = find_vma();
>> found_vma:
>> ....do some jobs....
>> vma_release_cache(vma);
>>
>> Maybe some more consideration for invalidation point is necessary.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
>> ---
>> include/linux/mm.h | 20 +++++++++
>> include/linux/mm_types.h | 5 ++
>> mm/memory.c | 14 ++++++
>> mm/mmap.c | 102
>> +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
>> mm/page_alloc.c | 1
>> 5 files changed, 138 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>>
>> Index: mmotm-mm-accessor/include/linux/mm.h
>> ===================================================================
>> --- mmotm-mm-accessor.orig/include/linux/mm.h
>> +++ mmotm-mm-accessor/include/linux/mm.h
>> @@ -763,6 +763,26 @@ unsigned long unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gath
>> unsigned long end_addr, unsigned long *nr_accounted,
>> struct zap_details *);
>>
>> +struct vm_area_struct *lookup_vma_cache(struct mm_struct *mm,
>> + unsigned long address);
>> +void invalidate_vma_cache(struct mm_struct *mm,
>> + struct vm_area_struct *vma);
>> +void wait_vmas_cache_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long
>> end);
>> +
>> +static inline void vma_hold(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> Nitpick:
> How about static inline void vma_cache_[get/put] naming?
>
Hmm. yes, put/get is popular name for this kind of counters.
Why I don't use put/get name is that this counter's purpose is
for helping cache. So, I avoided popular name.
I may change my mind in the next version ;)

>> +{
>> + atomic_inc(&vma->cache_access);
>> +}
>> +
>> +void __vma_release(struct vm_area_struct *vma);
>> +static inline void vma_release(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
>> +{
>> + if (atomic_dec_and_test(&vma->cache_access)) {
>> + if (waitqueue_active(&vma->cache_wait))
>> + __vma_release(vma);
>> + }
>> +}
>> +
>> /**
>> * mm_walk - callbacks for walk_page_range
>> * @pgd_entry: if set, called for each non-empty PGD (top-level) entry
>> Index: mmotm-mm-accessor/include/linux/mm_types.h
>> ===================================================================
>> --- mmotm-mm-accessor.orig/include/linux/mm_types.h
>> +++ mmotm-mm-accessor/include/linux/mm_types.h
>> @@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
>> #include <linux/completion.h>
>> #include <linux/cpumask.h>
>> #include <linux/page-debug-flags.h>
>> +#include <linux/wait.h>
>> #include <asm/page.h>
>> #include <asm/mmu.h>
>>
>> @@ -77,6 +78,7 @@ struct page {
>> union {
>> pgoff_t index; /* Our offset within mapping. */
>> void *freelist; /* SLUB: freelist req. slab lock */
>> + void *cache;
>
> Let's add annotation "/* vm_area_struct cache when the page is used as
> page table */".
>
ok.

>
>> };
>> struct list_head lru; /* Pageout list, eg. active_list
>> * protected by zone->lru_lock !
>> @@ -180,6 +182,9 @@ struct vm_area_struct {
>> void * vm_private_data; /* was vm_pte (shared mem) */
>> unsigned long vm_truncate_count;/* truncate_count or restart_addr */
>>
>> + atomic_t cache_access;
>> + wait_queue_head_t cache_wait;
>> +
>> #ifndef CONFIG_MMU
>> struct vm_region *vm_region; /* NOMMU mapping region */
>> #endif
>> Index: mmotm-mm-accessor/mm/memory.c
>> ===================================================================
>> --- mmotm-mm-accessor.orig/mm/memory.c
>> +++ mmotm-mm-accessor/mm/memory.c
>> @@ -145,6 +145,14 @@ void pmd_clear_bad(pmd_t *pmd)
>> pmd_clear(pmd);
>> }
>>
>
> Let's put the note here. "The caller needs to hold the pte lock"
>
Sure.

>> +static void update_vma_cache(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
>> +{
>> + struct page *page;
>> + /* ptelock is held */
>> + page = pmd_page(*pmd);
>> + page->cache = vma;
>> +}
>> +
>> /*
>> * Note: this doesn't free the actual pages themselves. That
>> * has been handled earlier when unmapping all the memory regions.
>> @@ -2118,6 +2126,7 @@ reuse:
>> if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, address, page_table, entry,1))
>> update_mmu_cache(vma, address, entry);
>> ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE;
>> + update_vma_cache(pmd, vma);
>> goto unlock;
>> }
>>
> ..
> <snip>
> ..
>
>> Index: mmotm-mm-accessor/mm/page_alloc.c
>> ===================================================================
>> --- mmotm-mm-accessor.orig/mm/page_alloc.c
>> +++ mmotm-mm-accessor/mm/page_alloc.c
>> @@ -698,6 +698,7 @@ static int prep_new_page(struct page *pa
>>
>> set_page_private(page, 0);
>> set_page_refcounted(page);
>> + page->cache = NULL;
>
> Is here is proper place to initialize page->cache?
> It cause unnecessary overhead about not pmd page.
>
> How about pmd_alloc?
>
The macro pmd_xxx was complicated and scattered over headers,
so I clear it here.
But yes, you're right. I'll do so when I write a patch, not-for-trial.

Thanks,
-Kame



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