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Subject[09/90] ext4: Fix possible deadlock between ext4_truncate() and ext4_get_blocks()
2.6.31-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let us know.

------------------
During truncate we are sometimes forced to start a new transaction as
the amount of blocks to be journaled is both quite large and hard to
predict. So far we restarted a transaction while holding i_data_sem
and that violates lock ordering because i_data_sem ranks below a
transaction start (and it can lead to a real deadlock with
ext4_get_blocks() mapping blocks in some page while having a
transaction open).

(cherry picked from commit 487caeef9fc08c0565e082c40a8aaf58dad92bbb)

We fix the problem by dropping the i_data_sem before restarting the
transaction and acquire it afterwards. It's slightly subtle that this
works:

1) By the time ext4_truncate() is called, all the page cache for the
truncated part of the file is dropped so get_block() should not be
called on it (we only have to invalidate extent cache after we
reacquire i_data_sem because some extent from not-truncated part could
extend also into the part we are going to truncate).

2) Writes, migrate or defrag hold i_mutex so they are stopped for all
the time of the truncate.

This bug has been found and analyzed by Theodore Tso <tytso@mit.edu>.

Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
---
fs/ext4/ext4.h | 1 +
fs/ext4/extents.c | 15 ++++++++++++---
fs/ext4/inode.c | 23 +++++++++++++++++++----
3 files changed, 32 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

--- a/fs/ext4/ext4.h
+++ b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
@@ -1370,6 +1370,7 @@ extern int ext4_change_inode_journal_fla
extern int ext4_get_inode_loc(struct inode *, struct ext4_iloc *);
extern int ext4_can_truncate(struct inode *inode);
extern void ext4_truncate(struct inode *);
+extern int ext4_truncate_restart_trans(handle_t *, struct inode *, int nblocks);
extern void ext4_set_inode_flags(struct inode *);
extern void ext4_get_inode_flags(struct ext4_inode_info *);
extern int ext4_alloc_da_blocks(struct inode *inode);
--- a/fs/ext4/extents.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/extents.c
@@ -93,7 +93,9 @@ static void ext4_idx_store_pblock(struct
ix->ei_leaf_hi = cpu_to_le16((unsigned long) ((pb >> 31) >> 1) & 0xffff);
}

-static int ext4_ext_journal_restart(handle_t *handle, int needed)
+static int ext4_ext_truncate_extend_restart(handle_t *handle,
+ struct inode *inode,
+ int needed)
{
int err;

@@ -104,7 +106,14 @@ static int ext4_ext_journal_restart(hand
err = ext4_journal_extend(handle, needed);
if (err <= 0)
return err;
- return ext4_journal_restart(handle, needed);
+ err = ext4_truncate_restart_trans(handle, inode, needed);
+ /*
+ * We have dropped i_data_sem so someone might have cached again
+ * an extent we are going to truncate.
+ */
+ ext4_ext_invalidate_cache(inode);
+
+ return err;
}

/*
@@ -2138,7 +2147,7 @@ ext4_ext_rm_leaf(handle_t *handle, struc
}
credits += 2 * EXT4_QUOTA_TRANS_BLOCKS(inode->i_sb);

- err = ext4_ext_journal_restart(handle, credits);
+ err = ext4_ext_truncate_extend_restart(handle, inode, credits);
if (err)
goto out;

--- a/fs/ext4/inode.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/inode.c
@@ -192,11 +192,24 @@ static int try_to_extend_transaction(han
* so before we call here everything must be consistently dirtied against
* this transaction.
*/
-static int ext4_journal_test_restart(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode)
+ int ext4_truncate_restart_trans(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
+ int nblocks)
{
+ int ret;
+
+ /*
+ * Drop i_data_sem to avoid deadlock with ext4_get_blocks At this
+ * moment, get_block can be called only for blocks inside i_size since
+ * page cache has been already dropped and writes are blocked by
+ * i_mutex. So we can safely drop the i_data_sem here.
+ */
BUG_ON(EXT4_JOURNAL(inode) == NULL);
jbd_debug(2, "restarting handle %p\n", handle);
- return ext4_journal_restart(handle, blocks_for_truncate(inode));
+ up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
+ ret = ext4_journal_restart(handle, blocks_for_truncate(inode));
+ down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
+
+ return ret;
}

/*
@@ -3659,7 +3672,8 @@ static void ext4_clear_blocks(handle_t *
ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh);
}
ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
- ext4_journal_test_restart(handle, inode);
+ ext4_truncate_restart_trans(handle, inode,
+ blocks_for_truncate(inode));
if (bh) {
BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "retaking write access");
ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh);
@@ -3870,7 +3884,8 @@ static void ext4_free_branches(handle_t
return;
if (try_to_extend_transaction(handle, inode)) {
ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
- ext4_journal_test_restart(handle, inode);
+ ext4_truncate_restart_trans(handle, inode,
+ blocks_for_truncate(inode));
}

ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, nr, 1, 1);



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