lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2009]   [Dec]   [10]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
Subject[07/90] ext4: Avoid group preallocation for closed files
2.6.31-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let us know.

------------------
(cherry picked from commit 50797481a7bdee548589506d7d7b48b08bc14dcd)

Currently the group preallocation code tries to find a large (512)
free block from which to do per-cpu group allocation for small files.
The problem with this scheme is that it leaves the filesystem horribly
fragmented. In the worst case, if the filesystem is unmounted and
remounted (after a system shutdown, for example) we forget the fact
that wee were using a particular (now-partially filled) 512 block
extent. So the next time we try to allocate space for a small file,
we will find *another* completely free 512 block chunk to allocate
small files. Given that there are 32,768 blocks in a block group,
after 64 iterations of "mount, write one 4k file in a directory,
unmount", the block group will have 64 files, each separated by 511
blocks, and the block group will no longer have any free 512
completely free chunks of blocks for group preallocation space.

So if we try to allocate blocks for a file that has been closed, such
that we know the final size of the file, and the filesystem is not
busy, avoid using group preallocation.

Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
---
fs/ext4/ext4.h | 30 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
fs/ext4/mballoc.c | 10 +++++++++-
2 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

--- a/fs/ext4/ext4.h
+++ b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
@@ -952,6 +952,7 @@ struct ext4_sb_info {
atomic_t s_mb_lost_chunks;
atomic_t s_mb_preallocated;
atomic_t s_mb_discarded;
+ atomic_t s_lock_busy;

/* locality groups */
struct ext4_locality_group *s_locality_groups;
@@ -1593,15 +1594,42 @@ struct ext4_group_info {
#define EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(grp) \
(test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_NEED_INIT_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state)))

+#define EXT4_MAX_CONTENTION 8
+#define EXT4_CONTENTION_THRESHOLD 2
+
static inline spinlock_t *ext4_group_lock_ptr(struct super_block *sb,
ext4_group_t group)
{
return bgl_lock_ptr(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_blockgroup_lock, group);
}

+/*
+ * Returns true if the filesystem is busy enough that attempts to
+ * access the block group locks has run into contention.
+ */
+static inline int ext4_fs_is_busy(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi)
+{
+ return (atomic_read(&sbi->s_lock_busy) > EXT4_CONTENTION_THRESHOLD);
+}
+
static inline void ext4_lock_group(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group)
{
- spin_lock(ext4_group_lock_ptr(sb, group));
+ spinlock_t *lock = ext4_group_lock_ptr(sb, group);
+ if (spin_trylock(lock))
+ /*
+ * We're able to grab the lock right away, so drop the
+ * lock contention counter.
+ */
+ atomic_add_unless(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_lock_busy, -1, 0);
+ else {
+ /*
+ * The lock is busy, so bump the contention counter,
+ * and then wait on the spin lock.
+ */
+ atomic_add_unless(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_lock_busy, 1,
+ EXT4_MAX_CONTENTION);
+ spin_lock(lock);
+ }
}

static inline void ext4_unlock_group(struct super_block *sb,
--- a/fs/ext4/mballoc.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/mballoc.c
@@ -4154,9 +4154,17 @@ static void ext4_mb_group_or_file(struct
return;

size = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical + ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len;
- isize = i_size_read(ac->ac_inode) >> bsbits;
+ isize = (i_size_read(ac->ac_inode) + ac->ac_sb->s_blocksize - 1)
+ >> bsbits;
size = max(size, isize);

+ if ((size == isize) &&
+ !ext4_fs_is_busy(sbi) &&
+ (atomic_read(&ac->ac_inode->i_writecount) == 0)) {
+ ac->ac_flags |= EXT4_MB_HINT_NOPREALLOC;
+ return;
+ }
+
/* don't use group allocation for large files */
if (size >= sbi->s_mb_stream_request) {
ac->ac_flags |= EXT4_MB_STREAM_ALLOC;



\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2009-12-11 05:39    [W:0.108 / U:12.084 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site