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Subject[RFC][PATCH v2 4/8] Replace page_referenced() with wipe_page_reference()
Date
page_referenced() imply "test the page was referenced or not", but
shrink_active_list() use it for drop pte young bit. then, it should be
renamed.

Plus, vm_flags argument is really ugly. instead, introduce new
struct page_reference_context, it's for collect some statistics.

This patch doesn't have any behavior change.

Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
---
include/linux/ksm.h | 11 +++--
include/linux/rmap.h | 16 +++++--
mm/ksm.c | 17 +++++---
mm/rmap.c | 112 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------------
mm/vmscan.c | 46 ++++++++++++--------
5 files changed, 112 insertions(+), 90 deletions(-)
diff --git a/include/linux/ksm.h b/include/linux/ksm.h
index bed5f16..e1a60d3 100644
--- a/include/linux/ksm.h
+++ b/include/linux/ksm.h
@@ -85,8 +85,8 @@ static inline struct page *ksm_might_need_to_copy(struct page *page,
return ksm_does_need_to_copy(page, vma, address);
}

-int page_referenced_ksm(struct page *page,
- struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned long *vm_flags);
+int wipe_page_reference_ksm(struct page *page, struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
+ struct page_reference_context *refctx);
int try_to_unmap_ksm(struct page *page, enum ttu_flags flags);
int rmap_walk_ksm(struct page *page, int (*rmap_one)(struct page *,
struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long, void *), void *arg);
@@ -120,10 +120,11 @@ static inline struct page *ksm_might_need_to_copy(struct page *page,
return page;
}

-static inline int page_referenced_ksm(struct page *page,
- struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned long *vm_flags)
+static inline int wipe_page_reference_ksm(struct page *page,
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
+ struct page_reference_context *refctx)
{
- return 0;
+ return SWAP_SUCCESS;
}

static inline int try_to_unmap_ksm(struct page *page, enum ttu_flags flags)
diff --git a/include/linux/rmap.h b/include/linux/rmap.h
index b019ae6..564d981 100644
--- a/include/linux/rmap.h
+++ b/include/linux/rmap.h
@@ -108,13 +108,21 @@ static inline void page_dup_rmap(struct page *page)
atomic_inc(&page->_mapcount);
}

+struct page_reference_context {
+ int is_page_locked;
+ unsigned long referenced;
+ unsigned long exec_referenced;
+ int maybe_mlocked; /* found VM_LOCKED, but it's unstable result */
+};
+
/*
* Called from mm/vmscan.c to handle paging out
*/
-int page_referenced(struct page *, int is_locked,
- struct mem_cgroup *cnt, unsigned long *vm_flags);
-int page_referenced_one(struct page *, struct vm_area_struct *,
- unsigned long address, unsigned int *mapcount, unsigned long *vm_flags);
+int wipe_page_reference(struct page *page, struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
+ struct page_reference_context *refctx);
+int wipe_page_reference_one(struct page *page,
+ struct page_reference_context *refctx,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address);

enum ttu_flags {
TTU_UNMAP = 0, /* unmap mode */
diff --git a/mm/ksm.c b/mm/ksm.c
index 56a0da1..19559ae 100644
--- a/mm/ksm.c
+++ b/mm/ksm.c
@@ -1544,15 +1544,15 @@ struct page *ksm_does_need_to_copy(struct page *page,
return new_page;
}

-int page_referenced_ksm(struct page *page, struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
- unsigned long *vm_flags)
+int wipe_page_reference_ksm(struct page *page, struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
+ struct page_reference_context *refctx)
{
struct stable_node *stable_node;
struct rmap_item *rmap_item;
struct hlist_node *hlist;
unsigned int mapcount = page_mapcount(page);
- int referenced = 0;
int search_new_forks = 0;
+ int ret = SWAP_SUCCESS;

VM_BUG_ON(!PageKsm(page));
VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
@@ -1582,10 +1582,15 @@ again:
if (memcg && !mm_match_cgroup(vma->vm_mm, memcg))
continue;

- referenced += page_referenced_one(page, vma,
- rmap_item->address, &mapcount, vm_flags);
+ ret = wipe_page_reference_one(page, refctx, vma,
+ rmap_item->address);
+ if (ret != SWAP_SUCCESS)
+ goto out;
+ mapcount--;
if (!search_new_forks || !mapcount)
break;
+ if (refctx->maybe_mlocked)
+ goto out;
}
spin_unlock(&anon_vma->lock);
if (!mapcount)
@@ -1594,7 +1599,7 @@ again:
if (!search_new_forks++)
goto again;
out:
- return referenced;
+ return ret;
}

int try_to_unmap_ksm(struct page *page, enum ttu_flags flags)
diff --git a/mm/rmap.c b/mm/rmap.c
index fb0983a..2f4451b 100644
--- a/mm/rmap.c
+++ b/mm/rmap.c
@@ -371,17 +371,16 @@ int page_mapped_in_vma(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
}

/*
- * Subfunctions of page_referenced: page_referenced_one called
- * repeatedly from either page_referenced_anon or page_referenced_file.
+ * Subfunctions of wipe_page_reference: wipe_page_reference_one called
+ * repeatedly from either wipe_page_reference_anon or wipe_page_reference_file.
*/
-int page_referenced_one(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
- unsigned long address, unsigned int *mapcount,
- unsigned long *vm_flags)
+int wipe_page_reference_one(struct page *page,
+ struct page_reference_context *refctx,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
pte_t *pte;
spinlock_t *ptl;
- int referenced = 0;

/*
* Don't want to elevate referenced for mlocked page that gets this far,
@@ -389,8 +388,7 @@ int page_referenced_one(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
* unevictable list.
*/
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) {
- *mapcount = 0; /* break early from loop */
- *vm_flags |= VM_LOCKED;
+ refctx->maybe_mlocked = 1;
goto out;
}

@@ -406,37 +404,38 @@ int page_referenced_one(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
* mapping is already gone, the unmap path will have
* set PG_referenced or activated the page.
*/
- if (likely(!VM_SequentialReadHint(vma)))
- referenced++;
+ if (likely(!VM_SequentialReadHint(vma))) {
+ refctx->referenced++;
+ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_EXEC) {
+ refctx->exec_referenced++;
+ }
+ }
}

/* Pretend the page is referenced if the task has the
swap token and is in the middle of a page fault. */
if (mm != current->mm && has_swap_token(mm) &&
rwsem_is_locked(&mm->mmap_sem))
- referenced++;
+ refctx->referenced++;

- (*mapcount)--;
pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl);

- if (referenced)
- *vm_flags |= vma->vm_flags;
out:
- return referenced;
+ return SWAP_SUCCESS;
}

-static int page_referenced_anon(struct page *page,
- struct mem_cgroup *mem_cont,
- unsigned long *vm_flags)
+static int wipe_page_reference_anon(struct page *page,
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
+ struct page_reference_context *refctx)
{
unsigned int mapcount;
struct anon_vma *anon_vma;
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
- int referenced = 0;
+ int ret = SWAP_SUCCESS;

anon_vma = page_lock_anon_vma(page);
if (!anon_vma)
- return referenced;
+ return ret;

mapcount = page_mapcount(page);
list_for_each_entry(vma, &anon_vma->head, anon_vma_node) {
@@ -448,20 +447,22 @@ static int page_referenced_anon(struct page *page,
* counting on behalf of references from different
* cgroups
*/
- if (mem_cont && !mm_match_cgroup(vma->vm_mm, mem_cont))
+ if (memcg && !mm_match_cgroup(vma->vm_mm, memcg))
continue;
- referenced += page_referenced_one(page, vma, address,
- &mapcount, vm_flags);
- if (!mapcount)
+ ret = wipe_page_reference_one(page, refctx, vma, address);
+ if (ret != SWAP_SUCCESS)
+ break;
+ mapcount--;
+ if (!mapcount || refctx->maybe_mlocked)
break;
}

page_unlock_anon_vma(anon_vma);
- return referenced;
+ return ret;
}

/**
- * page_referenced_file - referenced check for object-based rmap
+ * wipe_page_reference_file - wipe page reference for object-based rmap
* @page: the page we're checking references on.
* @mem_cont: target memory controller
* @vm_flags: collect encountered vma->vm_flags who actually referenced the page
@@ -471,18 +472,18 @@ static int page_referenced_anon(struct page *page,
* pointer, then walking the chain of vmas it holds. It returns the number
* of references it found.
*
- * This function is only called from page_referenced for object-based pages.
+ * This function is only called from wipe_page_reference for object-based pages.
*/
-static int page_referenced_file(struct page *page,
- struct mem_cgroup *mem_cont,
- unsigned long *vm_flags)
+static int wipe_page_reference_file(struct page *page,
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
+ struct page_reference_context *refctx)
{
unsigned int mapcount;
struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping;
pgoff_t pgoff = page->index << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT);
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
struct prio_tree_iter iter;
- int referenced = 0;
+ int ret = SWAP_SUCCESS;

/*
* The caller's checks on page->mapping and !PageAnon have made
@@ -516,65 +517,62 @@ static int page_referenced_file(struct page *page,
* counting on behalf of references from different
* cgroups
*/
- if (mem_cont && !mm_match_cgroup(vma->vm_mm, mem_cont))
+ if (memcg && !mm_match_cgroup(vma->vm_mm, memcg))
continue;
- referenced += page_referenced_one(page, vma, address,
- &mapcount, vm_flags);
- if (!mapcount)
+ ret = wipe_page_reference_one(page, refctx, vma, address);
+ if (ret != SWAP_SUCCESS)
+ break;
+ mapcount--;
+ if (!mapcount || refctx->maybe_mlocked)
break;
}

spin_unlock(&mapping->i_mmap_lock);
- return referenced;
+ return ret;
}

/**
- * page_referenced - test if the page was referenced
+ * wipe_page_reference - clear and test the page reference and pte young bit
* @page: the page to test
- * @is_locked: caller holds lock on the page
- * @mem_cont: target memory controller
- * @vm_flags: collect encountered vma->vm_flags who actually referenced the page
+ * @memcg: target memory controller
+ * @refctx: context for collect some statistics
*
* Quick test_and_clear_referenced for all mappings to a page,
* returns the number of ptes which referenced the page.
*/
-int page_referenced(struct page *page,
- int is_locked,
- struct mem_cgroup *mem_cont,
- unsigned long *vm_flags)
+int wipe_page_reference(struct page *page,
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
+ struct page_reference_context *refctx)
{
- int referenced = 0;
int we_locked = 0;
+ int ret = SWAP_SUCCESS;

if (TestClearPageReferenced(page))
- referenced++;
+ refctx->referenced++;

- *vm_flags = 0;
if (page_mapped(page) && page_rmapping(page)) {
- if (!is_locked && (!PageAnon(page) || PageKsm(page))) {
+ if (!refctx->is_page_locked &&
+ (!PageAnon(page) || PageKsm(page))) {
we_locked = trylock_page(page);
if (!we_locked) {
- referenced++;
+ refctx->referenced++;
goto out;
}
}
if (unlikely(PageKsm(page)))
- referenced += page_referenced_ksm(page, mem_cont,
- vm_flags);
+ ret = wipe_page_reference_ksm(page, memcg, refctx);
else if (PageAnon(page))
- referenced += page_referenced_anon(page, mem_cont,
- vm_flags);
+ ret = wipe_page_reference_anon(page, memcg, refctx);
else if (page->mapping)
- referenced += page_referenced_file(page, mem_cont,
- vm_flags);
+ ret = wipe_page_reference_file(page, memcg, refctx);
if (we_locked)
unlock_page(page);
}
out:
if (page_test_and_clear_young(page))
- referenced++;
+ refctx->referenced++;

- return referenced;
+ return ret;
}

static int page_mkclean_one(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index 3366bec..c59baa9 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -569,7 +569,6 @@ static unsigned long shrink_page_list(struct list_head *page_list,
struct pagevec freed_pvec;
int pgactivate = 0;
unsigned long nr_reclaimed = 0;
- unsigned long vm_flags;

cond_resched();

@@ -578,7 +577,9 @@ static unsigned long shrink_page_list(struct list_head *page_list,
struct address_space *mapping;
struct page *page;
int may_enter_fs;
- int referenced;
+ struct page_reference_context refctx = {
+ .is_page_locked = 1,
+ };

cond_resched();

@@ -620,16 +621,15 @@ static unsigned long shrink_page_list(struct list_head *page_list,
goto keep_locked;
}

- referenced = page_referenced(page, 1,
- sc->mem_cgroup, &vm_flags);
+ wipe_page_reference(page, sc->mem_cgroup, &refctx);
/*
* In active use or really unfreeable? Activate it.
* If page which have PG_mlocked lost isoltation race,
* try_to_unmap moves it to unevictable list
*/
if (sc->order <= PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER &&
- referenced && page_mapped(page)
- && !(vm_flags & VM_LOCKED))
+ page_mapped(page) && refctx.referenced &&
+ !refctx.maybe_mlocked)
goto activate_locked;

/*
@@ -664,7 +664,8 @@ static unsigned long shrink_page_list(struct list_head *page_list,
}

if (PageDirty(page)) {
- if (sc->order <= PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER && referenced)
+ if (sc->order <= PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER &&
+ refctx.referenced)
goto keep_locked;
if (!may_enter_fs)
goto keep_locked;
@@ -1241,9 +1242,10 @@ static inline void note_zone_scanning_priority(struct zone *zone, int priority)
*
* If the pages are mostly unmapped, the processing is fast and it is
* appropriate to hold zone->lru_lock across the whole operation. But if
- * the pages are mapped, the processing is slow (page_referenced()) so we
- * should drop zone->lru_lock around each page. It's impossible to balance
- * this, so instead we remove the pages from the LRU while processing them.
+ * the pages are mapped, the processing is slow (because wipe_page_reference()
+ * walk each ptes) so we should drop zone->lru_lock around each page. It's
+ * impossible to balance this, so instead we remove the pages from the LRU
+ * while processing them.
* It is safe to rely on PG_active against the non-LRU pages in here because
* nobody will play with that bit on a non-LRU page.
*
@@ -1289,7 +1291,6 @@ static void shrink_active_list(unsigned long nr_pages, struct zone *zone,
{
unsigned long nr_taken;
unsigned long pgscanned;
- unsigned long vm_flags;
LIST_HEAD(l_hold); /* The pages which were snipped off */
LIST_HEAD(l_active);
LIST_HEAD(l_inactive);
@@ -1320,6 +1321,10 @@ static void shrink_active_list(unsigned long nr_pages, struct zone *zone,
spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);

while (!list_empty(&l_hold)) {
+ struct page_reference_context refctx = {
+ .is_page_locked = 0,
+ };
+
cond_resched();
page = lru_to_page(&l_hold);
list_del(&page->lru);
@@ -1329,10 +1334,17 @@ static void shrink_active_list(unsigned long nr_pages, struct zone *zone,
continue;
}

- /* page_referenced clears PageReferenced */
- if (page_mapped(page) &&
- page_referenced(page, 0, sc->mem_cgroup, &vm_flags)) {
+ if (!page_mapped(page)) {
+ ClearPageActive(page); /* we are de-activating */
+ list_add(&page->lru, &l_inactive);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ wipe_page_reference(page, sc->mem_cgroup, &refctx);
+
+ if (refctx.referenced)
nr_rotated++;
+ if (refctx.exec_referenced && page_is_file_cache(page)) {
/*
* Identify referenced, file-backed active pages and
* give them one more trip around the active list. So
@@ -1342,10 +1354,8 @@ static void shrink_active_list(unsigned long nr_pages, struct zone *zone,
* IO, plus JVM can create lots of anon VM_EXEC pages,
* so we ignore them here.
*/
- if ((vm_flags & VM_EXEC) && page_is_file_cache(page)) {
- list_add(&page->lru, &l_active);
- continue;
- }
+ list_add(&page->lru, &l_active);
+ continue;
}

ClearPageActive(page); /* we are de-activating */
--
1.6.5.2




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