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Subject[PATCH 3/5] page allocator: Wait on both sync and async congestion after direct reclaim
Date
Testing by Frans Pop indicated that in the 2.6.30..2.6.31 window at least
that the commits 373c0a7e 8aa7e847 dramatically increased the number of
GFP_ATOMIC failures that were occuring within a wireless driver. Reverting
this patch seemed to help a lot even though it was pointed out that the
congestion changes were very far away from high-order atomic allocations.

The key to why the revert makes such a big difference is down to timing and
how long direct reclaimers wait versus kswapd. With the patch reverted,
the congestion_wait() is on the SYNC queue instead of the ASYNC. As a
significant part of the workload involved reads, it makes sense that the
SYNC list is what was truely congested and with the revert processes were
waiting on congestion as expected. Hence, direct reclaimers stalled
properly and kswapd was able to do its job with fewer stalls.

This patch aims to fix the congestion_wait() behaviour for SYNC and ASYNC
for direct reclaimers. Instead of making the congestion_wait() on the SYNC
queue which would only fix a particular type of workload, this patch adds a
third type of congestion_wait - BLK_RW_BOTH which first waits on the ASYNC
and then the SYNC queue if the timeout has not been reached. In tests, this
counter-intuitively results in kswapd stalling less and freeing up pages
resulting in fewer allocation failures and fewer direct-reclaim-orientated
stalls.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
---
include/linux/backing-dev.h | 1 +
mm/backing-dev.c | 25 ++++++++++++++++++++++---
mm/page_alloc.c | 4 ++--
mm/vmscan.c | 2 +-
4 files changed, 26 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
diff --git a/include/linux/backing-dev.h b/include/linux/backing-dev.h
index b449e73..b35344c 100644
--- a/include/linux/backing-dev.h
+++ b/include/linux/backing-dev.h
@@ -276,6 +276,7 @@ static inline int bdi_rw_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
enum {
BLK_RW_ASYNC = 0,
BLK_RW_SYNC = 1,
+ BLK_RW_BOTH = 2,
};

void clear_bdi_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int sync);
diff --git a/mm/backing-dev.c b/mm/backing-dev.c
index 1065b71..ea9ffc3 100644
--- a/mm/backing-dev.c
+++ b/mm/backing-dev.c
@@ -736,22 +736,41 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_bdi_congested);

/**
* congestion_wait - wait for a backing_dev to become uncongested
- * @sync: SYNC or ASYNC IO
+ * @sync: SYNC, ASYNC or BOTH IO
* @timeout: timeout in jiffies
*
* Waits for up to @timeout jiffies for a backing_dev (any backing_dev) to exit
* write congestion. If no backing_devs are congested then just wait for the
* next write to be completed.
*/
-long congestion_wait(int sync, long timeout)
+long congestion_wait(int sync_request, long timeout)
{
long ret;
DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
- wait_queue_head_t *wqh = &congestion_wqh[sync];
+ int sync;
+ wait_queue_head_t *wqh;
+
+ /* If requested to sync both, wait on ASYNC first, then SYNC */
+ if (sync_request == BLK_RW_BOTH)
+ sync = BLK_RW_ASYNC;
+ else
+ sync = sync_request;
+
+again:
+ wqh = &congestion_wqh[sync];

prepare_to_wait(wqh, &wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
ret = io_schedule_timeout(timeout);
finish_wait(wqh, &wait);
+
+ if (sync_request == BLK_RW_BOTH) {
+ sync_request = 0;
+ sync = BLK_RW_SYNC;
+ timeout = ret;
+ if (timeout)
+ goto again;
+ }
+
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(congestion_wait);
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 2bc2ac6..f6ed41c 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -1727,7 +1727,7 @@ __alloc_pages_high_priority(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order,
preferred_zone, migratetype);

if (!page && gfp_mask & __GFP_NOFAIL)
- congestion_wait(BLK_RW_ASYNC, HZ/50);
+ congestion_wait(BLK_RW_BOTH, HZ/50);
} while (!page && (gfp_mask & __GFP_NOFAIL));

return page;
@@ -1898,7 +1898,7 @@ rebalance:
pages_reclaimed += did_some_progress;
if (should_alloc_retry(gfp_mask, order, pages_reclaimed)) {
/* Wait for some write requests to complete then retry */
- congestion_wait(BLK_RW_ASYNC, HZ/50);
+ congestion_wait(BLK_RW_BOTH, HZ/50);
goto rebalance;
}

diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index 777af57..190bae1 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -1793,7 +1793,7 @@ static unsigned long do_try_to_free_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist,

/* Take a nap, wait for some writeback to complete */
if (sc->nr_scanned && priority < DEF_PRIORITY - 2)
- congestion_wait(BLK_RW_ASYNC, HZ/10);
+ congestion_wait(BLK_RW_BOTH, HZ/10);
}
/* top priority shrink_zones still had more to do? don't OOM, then */
if (!sc->all_unreclaimable && scanning_global_lru(sc))
--
1.6.5


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