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SubjectRe: [this_cpu_xx V4 12/20] Move early initialization of pagesets out of zone_wait_table_init()
On Thu, Oct 01, 2009 at 05:25:33PM -0400, cl@linux-foundation.org wrote:
> Explicitly initialize the pagesets after the per cpu areas have been
> initialized. This is necessary in order to be able to use per cpu
> operations in later patches.
>

Can you be more explicit about this? I think the reasoning is as follows

A later patch will use DEFINE_PER_CPU which allocates memory later in
the boot-cycle after zones have already been initialised. Without this
patch, use of DEFINE_PER_CPU would result in invalid memory accesses
during pageset initialisation.

Have another question below as well.

> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
> Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
>
> ---
> arch/ia64/kernel/setup.c | 1 +
> arch/powerpc/kernel/setup_64.c | 1 +
> arch/sparc/kernel/smp_64.c | 1 +
> arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c | 2 ++
> include/linux/mm.h | 1 +
> mm/page_alloc.c | 40 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
> mm/percpu.c | 2 ++
> 7 files changed, 37 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>
> Index: linux-2.6/mm/page_alloc.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/mm/page_alloc.c 2009-10-01 08:54:19.000000000 -0500
> +++ linux-2.6/mm/page_alloc.c 2009-10-01 09:36:19.000000000 -0500
> @@ -3270,23 +3270,42 @@ void zone_pcp_update(struct zone *zone)
> stop_machine(__zone_pcp_update, zone, NULL);
> }
>
> -static __meminit void zone_pcp_init(struct zone *zone)
> +/*
> + * Early setup of pagesets.
> + *
> + * In the NUMA case the pageset setup simply results in all zones pcp
> + * pointer being directed at a per cpu pageset with zero batchsize.
> + *

The batchsize becomes 1, not 0 if you look at setup_pageset() but that aside,
it's unclear from the comment *why* the batchsize is 1 in the NUMA case.
Maybe something like the following?

=====
In the NUMA case, the boot_pageset is used until the slab allocator is
available to allocate per-zone pagesets as each CPU is brought up. At
this point, the batchsize is set to 1 to prevent pages "leaking" onto the
boot_pageset freelists.
=====
Otherwise, nothing in the patch jumped out at me other than to double
check CPU-up events actually result in process_zones() being called and
that boot_pageset is not being accidentally used in the long term.

> + * This means that every free and every allocation occurs directly from
> + * the buddy allocator tables.
> + *
> + * The pageset never queues pages during early boot and is therefore usable
> + * for every type of zone.
> + */
> +__meminit void setup_pagesets(void)
> {
> int cpu;
> - unsigned long batch = zone_batchsize(zone);
> + struct zone *zone;
>
> - for (cpu = 0; cpu < NR_CPUS; cpu++) {
> + for_each_zone(zone) {
> #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
> - /* Early boot. Slab allocator not functional yet */
> - zone_pcp(zone, cpu) = &boot_pageset[cpu];
> - setup_pageset(&boot_pageset[cpu],0);
> + unsigned long batch = 0;
> +
> + for (cpu = 0; cpu < NR_CPUS; cpu++) {
> + /* Early boot. Slab allocator not functional yet */
> + zone_pcp(zone, cpu) = &boot_pageset[cpu];
> + }
> #else
> - setup_pageset(zone_pcp(zone,cpu), batch);
> + unsigned long batch = zone_batchsize(zone);
> #endif
> +
> + for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
> + setup_pageset(zone_pcp(zone, cpu), batch);
> +
> + if (zone->present_pages)
> + printk(KERN_DEBUG " %s zone: %lu pages, LIFO batch:%lu\n",
> + zone->name, zone->present_pages, batch);
> }
> - if (zone->present_pages)
> - printk(KERN_DEBUG " %s zone: %lu pages, LIFO batch:%lu\n",
> - zone->name, zone->present_pages, batch);
> }
>
> __meminit int init_currently_empty_zone(struct zone *zone,
> @@ -3841,7 +3860,6 @@ static void __paginginit free_area_init_
>
> zone->prev_priority = DEF_PRIORITY;
>
> - zone_pcp_init(zone);
> for_each_lru(l) {
> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&zone->lru[l].list);
> zone->reclaim_stat.nr_saved_scan[l] = 0;
> Index: linux-2.6/include/linux/mm.h
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/include/linux/mm.h 2009-10-01 08:54:19.000000000 -0500
> +++ linux-2.6/include/linux/mm.h 2009-10-01 09:36:19.000000000 -0500
> @@ -1060,6 +1060,7 @@ extern void show_mem(void);
> extern void si_meminfo(struct sysinfo * val);
> extern void si_meminfo_node(struct sysinfo *val, int nid);
> extern int after_bootmem;
> +extern void setup_pagesets(void);
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
> extern void setup_per_cpu_pageset(void);
> Index: linux-2.6/arch/ia64/kernel/setup.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/arch/ia64/kernel/setup.c 2009-10-01 08:54:19.000000000 -0500
> +++ linux-2.6/arch/ia64/kernel/setup.c 2009-10-01 09:35:39.000000000 -0500
> @@ -864,6 +864,7 @@ void __init
> setup_per_cpu_areas (void)
> {
> /* start_kernel() requires this... */
> + setup_pagesets();
> }
> #endif
>
> Index: linux-2.6/arch/powerpc/kernel/setup_64.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/arch/powerpc/kernel/setup_64.c 2009-10-01 08:54:19.000000000 -0500
> +++ linux-2.6/arch/powerpc/kernel/setup_64.c 2009-10-01 09:35:39.000000000 -0500
> @@ -578,6 +578,7 @@ static void ppc64_do_msg(unsigned int sr
> snprintf(buf, 128, "%s", msg);
> ppc_md.progress(buf, 0);
> }
> + setup_pagesets();
> }
>
> /* Print a boot progress message. */
> Index: linux-2.6/arch/sparc/kernel/smp_64.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/arch/sparc/kernel/smp_64.c 2009-10-01 08:54:19.000000000 -0500
> +++ linux-2.6/arch/sparc/kernel/smp_64.c 2009-10-01 09:35:39.000000000 -0500
> @@ -1486,4 +1486,5 @@ void __init setup_per_cpu_areas(void)
> of_fill_in_cpu_data();
> if (tlb_type == hypervisor)
> mdesc_fill_in_cpu_data(cpu_all_mask);
> + setup_pagesets();
> }
> Index: linux-2.6/arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c 2009-10-01 08:54:19.000000000 -0500
> +++ linux-2.6/arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c 2009-10-01 09:35:39.000000000 -0500
> @@ -269,4 +269,6 @@ void __init setup_per_cpu_areas(void)
>
> /* Setup cpu initialized, callin, callout masks */
> setup_cpu_local_masks();
> +
> + setup_pagesets();
> }
> Index: linux-2.6/mm/percpu.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/mm/percpu.c 2009-10-01 08:54:19.000000000 -0500
> +++ linux-2.6/mm/percpu.c 2009-10-01 09:35:39.000000000 -0500
> @@ -2062,5 +2062,7 @@ void __init setup_per_cpu_areas(void)
> delta = (unsigned long)pcpu_base_addr - (unsigned long)__per_cpu_start;
> for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
> __per_cpu_offset[cpu] = delta + pcpu_unit_offsets[cpu];
> +
> + setup_pagesets();
> }
> #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_SETUP_PER_CPU_AREA */
>
> --
> --
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>

--
Mel Gorman
Part-time Phd Student Linux Technology Center
University of Limerick IBM Dublin Software Lab


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