lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2009]   [Jan]   [7]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH -v4][RFC]: mutex: implement adaptive spinning
2009/1/7 Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>:
> Change mutex contention behaviour such that it will sometimes busy wait on
> acquisition - moving its behaviour closer to that of spinlocks.
>
> This concept got ported to mainline from the -rt tree, where it was originally
> implemented for rtmutexes by Steven Rostedt, based on work by Gregory Haskins.
>
> Testing with Ingo's test-mutex application (http://lkml.org/lkml/2006/1/8/50)
> gave a 8% boost for VFS scalability on my testbox:
>
> # echo MUTEX_SPIN > /debug/sched_features
> # ./test-mutex V 16 10
> 2 CPUs, running 16 parallel test-tasks.
> checking VFS performance.
>
> avg ops/sec: 74910
>
> # echo NO_MUTEX_SPIN > /debug/sched_features
> # ./test-mutex V 16 10
> 2 CPUs, running 16 parallel test-tasks.
> checking VFS performance.
>
> avg ops/sec: 68804
>
> The key criteria for the busy wait is that the lock owner has to be running on
> a (different) cpu. The idea is that as long as the owner is running, there is a
> fair chance it'll release the lock soon, and thus we'll be better off spinning
> instead of blocking/scheduling.
>
> Since regular mutexes (as opposed to rtmutexes) do not atomically track the
> owner, we add the owner in a non-atomic fashion and deal with the races in
> the slowpath.
>
> Furthermore, to ease the testing of the performance impact of this new code,
> there is means to disable this behaviour runtime (without having to reboot
> the system), when scheduler debugging is enabled (CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG=y),
> by issuing the following command:
>
> # echo NO_MUTEX_SPIN > /debug/sched_features
>
> This command re-enables spinning again (this is also the default):
>
> # echo MUTEX_SPIN > /debug/sched_features
>
> There's also a few new statistic fields in /proc/sched_debug
> (available if CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG=y and CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS=y):
>
> # grep mtx /proc/sched_debug
> .mtx_spin : 2387
> .mtx_sched : 2283
> .mtx_spin : 1277
> .mtx_sched : 1700
>
> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
> Reviewed-and-signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
> ---
> include/linux/mutex.h | 4 +-
> include/linux/sched.h | 2 +
> kernel/mutex-debug.c | 10 +------
> kernel/mutex-debug.h | 8 -----
> kernel/mutex.c | 46 ++++++++++++++++++++++--------
> kernel/mutex.h | 2 -
> kernel/sched.c | 73 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> kernel/sched_debug.c | 2 +
> kernel/sched_features.h | 1 +
> 9 files changed, 115 insertions(+), 33 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/mutex.h b/include/linux/mutex.h
> index 7a0e5c4..c007b4e 100644
> --- a/include/linux/mutex.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mutex.h
> @@ -50,8 +50,8 @@ struct mutex {
> atomic_t count;
> spinlock_t wait_lock;
> struct list_head wait_list;
> + struct task_struct *owner;
> #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES
> - struct thread_info *owner;
> const char *name;
> void *magic;
> #endif
> @@ -67,8 +67,8 @@ struct mutex {
> struct mutex_waiter {
> struct list_head list;
> struct task_struct *task;
> -#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES
> struct mutex *lock;
> +#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES
> void *magic;
> #endif
> };
> diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
> index 4cae9b8..d8fa96b 100644
> --- a/include/linux/sched.h
> +++ b/include/linux/sched.h
> @@ -328,6 +328,8 @@ extern signed long schedule_timeout(signed long timeout);
> extern signed long schedule_timeout_interruptible(signed long timeout);
> extern signed long schedule_timeout_killable(signed long timeout);
> extern signed long schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(signed long timeout);
> +extern void mutex_spin_or_schedule(struct mutex_waiter *waiter, long state,
> + unsigned long *flags);
> asmlinkage void schedule(void);
>
> struct nsproxy;
> diff --git a/kernel/mutex-debug.c b/kernel/mutex-debug.c
> index 1d94160..0564680 100644
> --- a/kernel/mutex-debug.c
> +++ b/kernel/mutex-debug.c
> @@ -26,11 +26,6 @@
> /*
> * Must be called with lock->wait_lock held.
> */
> -void debug_mutex_set_owner(struct mutex *lock, struct thread_info *new_owner)
> -{
> - lock->owner = new_owner;
> -}
> -
> void debug_mutex_lock_common(struct mutex *lock, struct mutex_waiter *waiter)
> {
> memset(waiter, MUTEX_DEBUG_INIT, sizeof(*waiter));
> @@ -59,7 +54,6 @@ void debug_mutex_add_waiter(struct mutex *lock, struct mutex_waiter *waiter,
>
> /* Mark the current thread as blocked on the lock: */
> ti->task->blocked_on = waiter;
> - waiter->lock = lock;
> }
>
> void mutex_remove_waiter(struct mutex *lock, struct mutex_waiter *waiter,
> @@ -80,9 +74,8 @@ void debug_mutex_unlock(struct mutex *lock)
> return;
>
> DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(lock->magic != lock);
> - DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(lock->owner != current_thread_info());
> + /* DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(lock->owner != current); */
> DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!lock->wait_list.prev && !lock->wait_list.next);
> - DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(lock->owner != current_thread_info());
> }
>
> void debug_mutex_init(struct mutex *lock, const char *name,
> @@ -95,7 +88,6 @@ void debug_mutex_init(struct mutex *lock, const char *name,
> debug_check_no_locks_freed((void *)lock, sizeof(*lock));
> lockdep_init_map(&lock->dep_map, name, key, 0);
> #endif
> - lock->owner = NULL;
> lock->magic = lock;
> }
>
> diff --git a/kernel/mutex-debug.h b/kernel/mutex-debug.h
> index babfbdf..42eab06 100644
> --- a/kernel/mutex-debug.h
> +++ b/kernel/mutex-debug.h
> @@ -13,14 +13,6 @@
> /*
> * This must be called with lock->wait_lock held.
> */
> -extern void
> -debug_mutex_set_owner(struct mutex *lock, struct thread_info *new_owner);
> -
> -static inline void debug_mutex_clear_owner(struct mutex *lock)
> -{
> - lock->owner = NULL;
> -}
> -
> extern void debug_mutex_lock_common(struct mutex *lock,
> struct mutex_waiter *waiter);
> extern void debug_mutex_wake_waiter(struct mutex *lock,
> diff --git a/kernel/mutex.c b/kernel/mutex.c
> index 4f45d4b..089b46b 100644
> --- a/kernel/mutex.c
> +++ b/kernel/mutex.c
> @@ -10,6 +10,10 @@
> * Many thanks to Arjan van de Ven, Thomas Gleixner, Steven Rostedt and
> * David Howells for suggestions and improvements.
> *
> + * - Adaptive spinning for mutexes by Peter Zijlstra. (Ported to mainline
> + * from the -rt tree, where it was originally implemented for rtmutexes
> + * by Steven Rostedt, based on work by Gregory Haskins.)
> + *
> * Also see Documentation/mutex-design.txt.
> */
> #include <linux/mutex.h>
> @@ -46,6 +50,7 @@ __mutex_init(struct mutex *lock, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key)
> atomic_set(&lock->count, 1);
> spin_lock_init(&lock->wait_lock);
> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&lock->wait_list);
> + lock->owner = NULL;
>
> debug_mutex_init(lock, name, key);
> }
> @@ -91,6 +96,7 @@ void inline __sched mutex_lock(struct mutex *lock)
> * 'unlocked' into 'locked' state.
> */
> __mutex_fastpath_lock(&lock->count, __mutex_lock_slowpath);
> + lock->owner = current;
> }
>
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(mutex_lock);
> @@ -115,6 +121,7 @@ void __sched mutex_unlock(struct mutex *lock)
> * The unlocking fastpath is the 0->1 transition from 'locked'
> * into 'unlocked' state:
> */
> + lock->owner = NULL;
> __mutex_fastpath_unlock(&lock->count, __mutex_unlock_slowpath);
> }
>
> @@ -141,6 +148,7 @@ __mutex_lock_common(struct mutex *lock, long state, unsigned int subclass,
> /* add waiting tasks to the end of the waitqueue (FIFO): */
> list_add_tail(&waiter.list, &lock->wait_list);
> waiter.task = task;
> + waiter.lock = lock;
>
> old_val = atomic_xchg(&lock->count, -1);
> if (old_val == 1)
> @@ -175,19 +183,15 @@ __mutex_lock_common(struct mutex *lock, long state, unsigned int subclass,
> debug_mutex_free_waiter(&waiter);
> return -EINTR;
> }
> - __set_task_state(task, state);
>
> - /* didnt get the lock, go to sleep: */
> - spin_unlock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock, flags);
> - schedule();
> - spin_lock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock, flags);
> + mutex_spin_or_schedule(&waiter, state, &flags);
> }
>
> done:
> lock_acquired(&lock->dep_map, ip);
> /* got the lock - rejoice! */
> mutex_remove_waiter(lock, &waiter, task_thread_info(task));
> - debug_mutex_set_owner(lock, task_thread_info(task));
> + lock->owner = task;
>
> /* set it to 0 if there are no waiters left: */
> if (likely(list_empty(&lock->wait_list)))
> @@ -260,7 +264,7 @@ __mutex_unlock_common_slowpath(atomic_t *lock_count, int nested)
> wake_up_process(waiter->task);
> }
>
> - debug_mutex_clear_owner(lock);
> + lock->owner = NULL;
>
> spin_unlock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock, flags);
> }
> @@ -298,18 +302,30 @@ __mutex_lock_interruptible_slowpath(atomic_t *lock_count);
> */
> int __sched mutex_lock_interruptible(struct mutex *lock)
> {
> + int ret;
> +
> might_sleep();
> - return __mutex_fastpath_lock_retval
> + ret = __mutex_fastpath_lock_retval
> (&lock->count, __mutex_lock_interruptible_slowpath);
> + if (!ret)
> + lock->owner = current;
> +
> + return ret;
> }
>
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(mutex_lock_interruptible);
>
> int __sched mutex_lock_killable(struct mutex *lock)
> {
> + int ret;
> +
> might_sleep();
> - return __mutex_fastpath_lock_retval
> + ret = __mutex_fastpath_lock_retval
> (&lock->count, __mutex_lock_killable_slowpath);
> + if (!ret)
> + lock->owner = current;
> +
> + return ret;
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(mutex_lock_killable);
>
> @@ -352,9 +368,10 @@ static inline int __mutex_trylock_slowpath(atomic_t *lock_count)
>
> prev = atomic_xchg(&lock->count, -1);
> if (likely(prev == 1)) {
> - debug_mutex_set_owner(lock, current_thread_info());
> + lock->owner = current;
> mutex_acquire(&lock->dep_map, 0, 1, _RET_IP_);
> }
> +
> /* Set it back to 0 if there are no waiters: */
> if (likely(list_empty(&lock->wait_list)))
> atomic_set(&lock->count, 0);
> @@ -380,8 +397,13 @@ static inline int __mutex_trylock_slowpath(atomic_t *lock_count)
> */
> int __sched mutex_trylock(struct mutex *lock)
> {
> - return __mutex_fastpath_trylock(&lock->count,
> - __mutex_trylock_slowpath);
> + int ret;
> +
> + ret = __mutex_fastpath_trylock(&lock->count, __mutex_trylock_slowpath);
> + if (ret)
> + lock->owner = current;
> +
> + return ret;
> }
>
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(mutex_trylock);
> diff --git a/kernel/mutex.h b/kernel/mutex.h
> index a075daf..55e1986 100644
> --- a/kernel/mutex.h
> +++ b/kernel/mutex.h
> @@ -16,8 +16,6 @@
> #define mutex_remove_waiter(lock, waiter, ti) \
> __list_del((waiter)->list.prev, (waiter)->list.next)
>
> -#define debug_mutex_set_owner(lock, new_owner) do { } while (0)
> -#define debug_mutex_clear_owner(lock) do { } while (0)
> #define debug_mutex_wake_waiter(lock, waiter) do { } while (0)
> #define debug_mutex_free_waiter(waiter) do { } while (0)
> #define debug_mutex_add_waiter(lock, waiter, ti) do { } while (0)
> diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
> index 2e3545f..c189597 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched.c
> @@ -631,6 +631,10 @@ struct rq {
>
> /* BKL stats */
> unsigned int bkl_count;
> +
> + /* mutex spin stats */
> + unsigned int mtx_spin;
> + unsigned int mtx_sched;
> #endif
> };
>
> @@ -4527,6 +4531,75 @@ pick_next_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev)
> }
> }
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES
> +# include "mutex-debug.h"
> +#else
> +# include "mutex.h"
> +#endif
> +
> +void mutex_spin_or_schedule(struct mutex_waiter *waiter, long state,
> + unsigned long *flags)
> +{
> + struct mutex *lock = waiter->lock;
> + struct task_struct *task = waiter->task;
> + struct task_struct *owner = lock->owner;
> + struct rq *rq;
> + int spin = 0;
> +
> + if (likely(sched_feat(MUTEX_SPIN) && owner)) {
> + rq = task_rq(owner);
> + spin = (rq->curr == owner);
> + }
> +
> + if (!spin) {
> + schedstat_inc(this_rq(), mtx_sched);
> + __set_task_state(task, state);
> + spin_unlock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock, *flags);
> + schedule();
> + spin_lock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock, *flags);
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + schedstat_inc(this_rq(), mtx_spin);
> + spin_unlock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock, *flags);
> + for (;;) {
> + struct task_struct *l_owner;
> +
> + /* Stop spinning when there's a pending signal. */
> + if (signal_pending_state(state, task))
> + break;
> +
> + /* Mutex got unlocked, try to acquire. */
> + if (!mutex_is_locked(lock))
> + break;
> +
> + /*
> + * Owner changed, bail to re-assess state.
> + *
> + * We ignore !owner because that would break us out of
> + * the spin too early -- see mutex_unlock() -- and make
> + * us schedule -- see the !owner case on top -- at the
> + * worst possible moment.
> + */
> + l_owner = ACCESS_ONCE(lock->owner);
> + if (l_owner && l_owner != owner)
> + break;
> +
> + /* Owner stopped running, bail to re-assess state. */
> + if (rq->curr != owner)
> + break;
> +
> + /*
> + * cpu_relax() provides a compiler barrier that ensures we
> + * reload everything every time. SMP barriers are not strictly
> + * required as the worst case is we'll spin a bit more before
> + * we observe the right values.
> + */
> + cpu_relax();
> + }
> + spin_lock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock, *flags);
> +}


Hi Peter,

Sorry I haven't read all the previous talk about the older version.
But it is possible that, in hopefully rare cases, you enter
mutex_spin_or_schedule
multiple times, and try to spin for the same lock each of these times.

For each of the above break,

_if you exit the spin because the mutex is unlocked, and someone else
grab it before you
_ or simply the owner changed...

then you will enter again in mutex_spin_or_schedule, you have some chances that
rq->curr == the new owner, and then you will spin again.
And this situation can almost really make you behave like a spinlock...

Shouldn't it actually try only one time to spin, and if it calls again
mutex_spin_or_schedule()
then it would be better to schedule() ?

Or I misunderstood something...?

Thanks.



> +
> /*
> * schedule() is the main scheduler function.
> */
> diff --git a/kernel/sched_debug.c b/kernel/sched_debug.c
> index 4293cfa..3dec83a 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched_debug.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched_debug.c
> @@ -288,6 +288,8 @@ static void print_cpu(struct seq_file *m, int cpu)
>
> P(bkl_count);
>
> + P(mtx_spin);
> + P(mtx_sched);
> #undef P
> #endif
> print_cfs_stats(m, cpu);
> diff --git a/kernel/sched_features.h b/kernel/sched_features.h
> index da5d93b..f548627 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched_features.h
> +++ b/kernel/sched_features.h
> @@ -13,3 +13,4 @@ SCHED_FEAT(LB_WAKEUP_UPDATE, 1)
> SCHED_FEAT(ASYM_EFF_LOAD, 1)
> SCHED_FEAT(WAKEUP_OVERLAP, 0)
> SCHED_FEAT(LAST_BUDDY, 1)
> +SCHED_FEAT(MUTEX_SPIN, 1)
>
> --
> To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
> the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
> More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
> Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/
>


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2009-01-07 15:55    [W:0.142 / U:3.044 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site