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Subject[RFC PATCH 00/10] PCI core learns 'hotplug'
Date
A while ago, Darrick Wong posted a patch for fakephp that kicked off
some controversy:

http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel/761944

The issue was that I broke the fakephp interface back in the 2.6.27
timeframe. After some discussion on the lists, Trent Piepho sent some
patches, and I proposed a solution incorporating those patches.

This is my first cut at making everyone happy. In summary, it:

- introduces /sys/bus/pci/devices/.../remove for function level
hot-remove

- introduces /sys/bus/pci/devices/.../rescan to rescan the PCI
hierarchy, starting at that device and descending to all children

- introduces /sys/bus/pci/rescan to rescan the entire PCI hierarchy

- restores the pre-2.6.27 fakephp interface for userspace compatability

Some notes:

- I did review Rolf Eike Beer's dummyphp patch at his request. It
won't work for the same reasons that we cannot fix the existing
fakephp driver -- both use the PCI hotplug API, namely
pci_hp_register(), which enforces the semantic of "only one
slots/ entry per physical slot", which clearly does not allow
multiple entries for multi-function devices. One side note, Trent's
new fakephp driver is also much smaller and cleaner, but the
real reason is dummyphp uses the PCI hotplug API.

I hope this reasoning is fair, but if folks disagree, I'm happy
to discuss

- I've been testing this patchset on my ia64 machines, which Linus
has called "an insane mess of PCI bridges"[1], and it seems to
work well. I'm just starting to test on some x86 machines, and
have been noticing some issues with BAR collisions, so this is
definitely a work-in-progress.

- Also, you might be wondering, "how does this patchset interact
with existing hotplug drivers, like acpiphp or pciehp?" The answer
is, "poorly". :(

If you use the new PCI core removal/rescan and then try to modify
the slot using acpiphp, you get an oops. My impression is that
this behavior is the same as pre-2.6.27, where you could have
loaded fakephp and acpiphp, removed the device with fakephp,
and encountered an oops with acpiphp.

2.6.27 enforced the rule of "one hotplug driver per slot", at the
cost of the fakephp breakage (which started this whole discussion).

So, I'm not sure what to do about this. The way that we remove
devices today, using pci_remove_bus_device() doesn't lend itself
to safety very well, since it will just start removing devices
from the bus without checking anything.

Maybe we need some other API, or maybe we just live with the
limitation of, "if you use PCI core hotplug, don't use the
other hotplug drivers and vice versa".

- Finally, a note to Jesse, even if this patchset is rejected,
I'd recommend taking the ASPM fix, as that is just a pure bugfix.
It could probably go into .29.

Thanks. Comments welcome.

/ac

1: http://lkml.org/lkml/2008/12/13/196
---
Alex Chiang (9):
PCI: more whitespace cleanups
PCI Hotplug: schedule fakephp for feature removal
PCI Hotplug: rename legacy_fakephp to fakephp
PCI: Introduce /sys/bus/pci/devices/.../rescan
PCI: Introduce /sys/bus/pci/rescan
PCI: Introduce /sys/bus/pci/devices/.../remove
PCI: properly clean up ASPM link state on device remove
PCI: always scan child buses
PCI: don't scan existing devices

Trent Piepho (1):
PCI Hotplug: restore fakephp interface with complete reimplementation


Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-pci | 27 ++
Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt | 32 ++
drivers/pci/hotplug/fakephp.c | 438 +++++++---------------------
drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c | 98 ++++++
drivers/pci/pcie/aspm.c | 4
drivers/pci/probe.c | 68 +++-
drivers/pci/remove.c | 4
7 files changed, 303 insertions(+), 368 deletions(-)


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