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    SubjectRe: [LLVMdev] inline asm semantics: output constraint width smaller than input
    On Tue, Jan 27, 2009 at 4:25 PM, H. Peter Anvin <> wrote:
    > However, things get a bit ugly in the case of different widths that affect
    > individually scheduled registers, like 32- and 64-bit types on a 32-bit
    > machine. Consider the case above where "bar" is a 64-bit type and "baz" is
    > a 32-bit type, then you functionally have, at least on x86:
    > uint64_t tmp = bar;
    > asm("foo" : "+r" (tmp));
    > baz = (uint32_t)tmp;
    > One could possibly argue that the latter case should be
    > "baz = (uint32_t)(tmp >> 32);" on a bigendian machine... since this is a gcc
    > syntax it probably should be "whatever gcc does" in that case, as opposed to
    > what might make sense.
    > (I'm afraid I don't have a bigendian box readily available at the moment, so
    > I can't test it out to see what gcc does. I have a powerpc machine, but
    > it's at home and turned off.)

    Actually, PPC64 boxes basically don't care... the usable GPRs are all
    either 32-bit (for PPC32) or 64-bit (for PPC64), the <=32-bit
    instructions are identical across both, they just
    truncate/sign-extend/etc based on the lower 32-bits of the register.
    Also, you would only do a right-shift if you were going all the way
    out to memory as 64-bit and all the way back in as 32-bit... within a
    single register it's kept coherent.

    Structs are basically irrelevant for inline ASM as you can't pass a
    struct to one... you can only pass the *address* of a struct, which is
    always pointer-sized.

    I think that really the only sane solution (which is hopefully what
    GCC does) for integer types is to use a register the same size as the
    larger of the two integers. Then you copy the value to/from the
    smaller register (or just mask it on PPC64-alike architectures) before
    or after the inline ASM.

    Kyle Moffett

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      Last update: 2009-01-28 02:49    [W:0.020 / U:29.944 seconds]
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