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SubjectRe: [git pull] cpus4096 tree, part 3
On Mon, 5 Jan 2009 02:16:30 +0100
Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> wrote:

> Really cc linux-arch this time
>
> On Mon, Jan 05, 2009 at 02:14:16AM +0100, Nick Piggin wrote:
> > On Sat, Jan 03, 2009 at 11:37:23PM +0100, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> > >
> > > * Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
> > >
> > > > What happened to Nick's cleanup patch to do_page_fault (a month or two
> > > > ago? I complained about some of the issues in his first version and
> > > > asked for some further cleanups, but I think that whole discussion ended
> > > > with him saying "I am going to add those changes that you suggested (in
> > > > fact, I already have)".
> > > >
> > > > And then I didn't see anything further. Maybe I just missed the end
> > > > result. Or maybe we have it in some -mm branch or something?
> > >
> > > they would have been in tip/x86/mm and would be upstream now had Nick
> > > re-sent a v2 series but that never happened. I think they might have
> > > fallen victim to a serious attention deficit caused by the SLQB patch ;-)
> >
> > Well, I already added Linus's suggestions but didn't submit it because
> > there was a bit of work going on in that file as far as I could see, both
> > in the x86 tree and in -mm:
> >
> > (http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/people/akpm/patches/2.6/2.6.28-rc2/2.6.28-rc2-mm1/broken-out/mm-invoke-oom-killer-from-page-fault.patch)
> >
> > It isn't a big deal to resolve either way, but I don't want to make Andrew's
> > life harder.
> >
> > [Yes OK now I'm the guilty one of pushing in an x86 patch not via the
> > x86 tree ;) This one is easy to break in pieces, but I didn't want
> > to create a dependency between the trees]
> >
> > I didn't really consider it to be urgent, so I was waiting for that patch
> > to go in, but I was still hoping to get this into 2.6.29... This is what
> > it looks like now with your suggestions, and just merged it to your current
> > tree (untested).
> >
> > I'll cc the linux-arch list here too, because it might be nice to keep these
> > things as structurally similar as possible (and they'll all want to look at
> > the -mm patch above, although I'll probably end up having to write the
> > patches!).
>
> ---
> Optimise x86's do_page_fault (C entry point for the page fault path).

It took rather a lot of hunting to find this email. Please do try to
make the email subject match the final patch's title?

> * This routine handles page faults. It determines the address,
> * and the problem, and then passes it off to one of the appropriate
> @@ -583,16 +796,12 @@ asmlinkage
> #endif
> void __kprobes do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code)
> {
> + unsigned long address;
> struct task_struct *tsk;
> struct mm_struct *mm;
> struct vm_area_struct *vma;
> - unsigned long address;
> - int write, si_code;
> + int write;
> int fault;
> -#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
> - unsigned long flags;
> - int sig;
> -#endif
>
> tsk = current;
> mm = tsk->mm;
> @@ -601,9 +810,7 @@ void __kprobes do_page_fault(struct pt_r
> /* get the address */
> address = read_cr2();
>
> - si_code = SEGV_MAPERR;
> -
> - if (notify_page_fault(regs))
> + if (unlikely(notify_page_fault(regs)))
> return;
> if (unlikely(kmmio_fault(regs, address)))
> return;
> @@ -638,10 +845,10 @@ void __kprobes do_page_fault(struct pt_r
> * Don't take the mm semaphore here. If we fixup a prefetch
> * fault we could otherwise deadlock.
> */
> - goto bad_area_nosemaphore;
> + bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, error_code, address);
> + return;
> }
>
> -
> /*
> * It's safe to allow irq's after cr2 has been saved and the
> * vmalloc fault has been handled.
> @@ -657,17 +864,18 @@ void __kprobes do_page_fault(struct pt_r
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
> if (unlikely(error_code & PF_RSVD))
> - pgtable_bad(address, regs, error_code);
> + pgtable_bad(regs, error_code, address);
> #endif
>
> /*
> * If we're in an interrupt, have no user context or are running in an
> * atomic region then we must not take the fault.
> */
> - if (unlikely(in_atomic() || !mm))
> - goto bad_area_nosemaphore;
> + if (unlikely(in_atomic() || !mm)) {
> + bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, error_code, address);
> + return;
> + }
>
> -again:
> /*
> * When running in the kernel we expect faults to occur only to
> * addresses in user space. All other faults represent errors in the
> @@ -684,20 +892,26 @@ again:
> * source. If this is invalid we can skip the address space check,
> * thus avoiding the deadlock.
> */
> - if (!down_read_trylock(&mm->mmap_sem)) {
> + if (unlikely(!down_read_trylock(&mm->mmap_sem))) {
> if ((error_code & PF_USER) == 0 &&
> - !search_exception_tables(regs->ip))
> - goto bad_area_nosemaphore;
> + !search_exception_tables(regs->ip)) {
> + bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, error_code, address);
> + return;
> + }
> down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
> }
>
> vma = find_vma(mm, address);
> - if (!vma)
> - goto bad_area;
> - if (vma->vm_start <= address)
> + if (unlikely(!vma)) {
> + bad_area(regs, error_code, address);
> + return;
> + }
> + if (likely(vma->vm_start <= address))
> goto good_area;
> - if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN))
> - goto bad_area;
> + if (unlikely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN))) {
> + bad_area(regs, error_code, address);
> + return;
> + }
> if (error_code & PF_USER) {
> /*
> * Accessing the stack below %sp is always a bug.
> @@ -705,31 +919,25 @@ again:
> * and pusha to work. ("enter $65535,$31" pushes
> * 32 pointers and then decrements %sp by 65535.)
> */
> - if (address + 65536 + 32 * sizeof(unsigned long) < regs->sp)
> - goto bad_area;
> + if (unlikely(address + 65536 + 32 * sizeof(unsigned long) < regs->sp)) {
> + bad_area(regs, error_code, address);
> + return;
> + }
> }
> - if (expand_stack(vma, address))
> - goto bad_area;
> -/*
> - * Ok, we have a good vm_area for this memory access, so
> - * we can handle it..
> - */
> + if (unlikely(expand_stack(vma, address))) {
> + bad_area(regs, error_code, address);
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Ok, we have a good vm_area for this memory access, so
> + * we can handle it..
> + */
> good_area:
> - si_code = SEGV_ACCERR;
> - write = 0;
> - switch (error_code & (PF_PROT|PF_WRITE)) {
> - default: /* 3: write, present */
> - /* fall through */
> - case PF_WRITE: /* write, not present */
> - if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))
> - goto bad_area;
> - write++;
> - break;
> - case PF_PROT: /* read, present */
> - goto bad_area;
> - case 0: /* read, not present */
> - if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_READ | VM_EXEC | VM_WRITE)))
> - goto bad_area;
> + write = error_code & PF_WRITE;

What's going on here? We set `error_code' to PF_WRITE, which is some
x86-specific thing.

> + if (unlikely(access_error(error_code, write, vma))) {
> + bad_area_access_error(regs, error_code, address);
> + return;
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -739,11 +947,8 @@ good_area:
> */
> fault = handle_mm_fault(mm, vma, address, write);

and then pass it into handle_mm_fault(), which is expecting a bunch of
flags in the FAULT_FLAG_foo domain.

IOW, the code will accidentally set FAULT_FLAG_NONLINEAR!.


Methinks we want something like this,

--- a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c~fix-x86-optimise-x86s-do_page_fault-c-entry-point-for-the-page-fault-path
+++ a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
@@ -942,7 +942,7 @@ void __kprobes do_page_fault(struct pt_r
* we can handle it..
*/
good_area:
- write = error_code & PF_WRITE;
+ write = (error_code & PF_WRITE) ? FAULT_FLAG_WRITE : 0;
if (unlikely(access_error(error_code, write, vma))) {
bad_area_access_error(regs, error_code, address);
return;
_

but why did the current code pass testing at all??



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