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Subject[patch 09/40] usb-storage: add last-sector hacks
2.6.27-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let us know.

------------------

From: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>

commit 25ff1c316f6a763f1eefe7f8984b2d8c03888432 upstream.

This patch (as1189d) adds some hacks to usb-storage for dealing with
the growing problems involving bad capacity values and last-sector
accesses:

A new flag, US_FL_CAPACITY_OK, is created to indicate that
the device is known to report its capacity correctly. An
unusual_devs entry for Linux's own File-backed Storage Gadget
is added with this flag set, since g_file_storage always
reports the correct capacity and since the capacity need
not be even (it is determined by the size of the backing
file).

An entry in unusual_devs.h which has only the CAPACITY_OK
flag set shouldn't prejudice libusual, since the device will
work perfectly well with either usb-storage or ub. So a
new macro, COMPLIANT_DEV, is added to let libusual know
about these entries.

When a last-sector access fails three times in a row and
neither the FIX_CAPACITY nor the CAPACITY_OK flag is set,
we assume the last-sector bug is present. We replace the
existing status and sense data with values that will cause
the SCSI core to fail the access immediately rather than
retry indefinitely. This should fix the difficulties
people have been having with Nokia phones.

This version of the patch differs from the version accepted into the
mainline only in that it does not trigger a WARN() when an
odd-numbered last-sector access succeeds. In a stable kernel series
we don't want to go around spamming users' logs and consoles for no
good reason.

Signed-off-by: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>

---
drivers/usb/storage/libusual.c | 7 +++
drivers/usb/storage/scsiglue.c | 8 +++
drivers/usb/storage/transport.c | 80 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/usb/storage/unusual_devs.h | 16 ++++++-
drivers/usb/storage/usb.c | 6 ++
drivers/usb/storage/usb.h | 4 +
include/linux/usb_usual.h | 5 +-
7 files changed, 123 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

--- a/drivers/usb/storage/libusual.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/storage/libusual.c
@@ -46,6 +46,12 @@ static int usu_probe_thread(void *arg);
{ USB_DEVICE_VER(id_vendor, id_product, bcdDeviceMin,bcdDeviceMax), \
.driver_info = (flags)|(USB_US_TYPE_STOR<<24) }

+#define COMPLIANT_DEV(id_vendor, id_product, bcdDeviceMin, bcdDeviceMax, \
+ vendorName, productName, useProtocol, useTransport, \
+ initFunction, flags) \
+{ USB_DEVICE_VER(id_vendor, id_product, bcdDeviceMin, bcdDeviceMax), \
+ .driver_info = (flags) }
+
#define USUAL_DEV(useProto, useTrans, useType) \
{ USB_INTERFACE_INFO(USB_CLASS_MASS_STORAGE, useProto, useTrans), \
.driver_info = ((useType)<<24) }
@@ -57,6 +63,7 @@ struct usb_device_id storage_usb_ids []

#undef USUAL_DEV
#undef UNUSUAL_DEV
+#undef COMPLIANT_DEV

MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(usb, storage_usb_ids);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(storage_usb_ids);
--- a/drivers/usb/storage/scsiglue.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/storage/scsiglue.c
@@ -196,6 +196,14 @@ static int slave_configure(struct scsi_d
* sector in a larger then 1 sector read, since the performance
* impact is negible we set this flag for all USB disks */
sdev->last_sector_bug = 1;
+
+ /* Enable last-sector hacks for single-target devices using
+ * the Bulk-only transport, unless we already know the
+ * capacity will be decremented or is correct. */
+ if (!(us->fflags & (US_FL_FIX_CAPACITY | US_FL_CAPACITY_OK |
+ US_FL_SCM_MULT_TARG)) &&
+ us->protocol == US_PR_BULK)
+ us->use_last_sector_hacks = 1;
} else {

/* Non-disk-type devices don't need to blacklist any pages
--- a/drivers/usb/storage/transport.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/storage/transport.c
@@ -57,6 +57,9 @@
#include "scsiglue.h"
#include "debug.h"

+#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include "../../scsi/sd.h"
+

/***********************************************************************
* Data transfer routines
@@ -511,6 +514,80 @@ int usb_stor_bulk_transfer_sg(struct us_
* Transport routines
***********************************************************************/

+/* There are so many devices that report the capacity incorrectly,
+ * this routine was written to counteract some of the resulting
+ * problems.
+ */
+static void last_sector_hacks(struct us_data *us, struct scsi_cmnd *srb)
+{
+ struct gendisk *disk;
+ struct scsi_disk *sdkp;
+ u32 sector;
+
+ /* To Report "Medium Error: Record Not Found */
+ static unsigned char record_not_found[18] = {
+ [0] = 0x70, /* current error */
+ [2] = MEDIUM_ERROR, /* = 0x03 */
+ [7] = 0x0a, /* additional length */
+ [12] = 0x14 /* Record Not Found */
+ };
+
+ /* If last-sector problems can't occur, whether because the
+ * capacity was already decremented or because the device is
+ * known to report the correct capacity, then we don't need
+ * to do anything.
+ */
+ if (!us->use_last_sector_hacks)
+ return;
+
+ /* Was this command a READ(10) or a WRITE(10)? */
+ if (srb->cmnd[0] != READ_10 && srb->cmnd[0] != WRITE_10)
+ goto done;
+
+ /* Did this command access the last sector? */
+ sector = (srb->cmnd[2] << 24) | (srb->cmnd[3] << 16) |
+ (srb->cmnd[4] << 8) | (srb->cmnd[5]);
+ disk = srb->request->rq_disk;
+ if (!disk)
+ goto done;
+ sdkp = scsi_disk(disk);
+ if (!sdkp)
+ goto done;
+ if (sector + 1 != sdkp->capacity)
+ goto done;
+
+ if (srb->result == SAM_STAT_GOOD && scsi_get_resid(srb) == 0) {
+
+ /* The command succeeded. We know this device doesn't
+ * have the last-sector bug, so stop checking it.
+ */
+ us->use_last_sector_hacks = 0;
+
+ } else {
+ /* The command failed. Allow up to 3 retries in case this
+ * is some normal sort of failure. After that, assume the
+ * capacity is wrong and we're trying to access the sector
+ * beyond the end. Replace the result code and sense data
+ * with values that will cause the SCSI core to fail the
+ * command immediately, instead of going into an infinite
+ * (or even just a very long) retry loop.
+ */
+ if (++us->last_sector_retries < 3)
+ return;
+ srb->result = SAM_STAT_CHECK_CONDITION;
+ memcpy(srb->sense_buffer, record_not_found,
+ sizeof(record_not_found));
+ }
+
+ done:
+ /* Don't reset the retry counter for TEST UNIT READY commands,
+ * because they get issued after device resets which might be
+ * caused by a failed last-sector access.
+ */
+ if (srb->cmnd[0] != TEST_UNIT_READY)
+ us->last_sector_retries = 0;
+}
+
/* Invoke the transport and basic error-handling/recovery methods
*
* This is used by the protocol layers to actually send the message to
@@ -544,6 +621,7 @@ void usb_stor_invoke_transport(struct sc
/* if the transport provided its own sense data, don't auto-sense */
if (result == USB_STOR_TRANSPORT_NO_SENSE) {
srb->result = SAM_STAT_CHECK_CONDITION;
+ last_sector_hacks(us, srb);
return;
}

@@ -667,6 +745,7 @@ void usb_stor_invoke_transport(struct sc
scsi_bufflen(srb) - scsi_get_resid(srb) < srb->underflow)
srb->result = (DID_ERROR << 16) | (SUGGEST_RETRY << 24);

+ last_sector_hacks(us, srb);
return;

/* Error and abort processing: try to resynchronize with the device
@@ -694,6 +773,7 @@ void usb_stor_invoke_transport(struct sc
us->transport_reset(us);
}
clear_bit(US_FLIDX_RESETTING, &us->dflags);
+ last_sector_hacks(us, srb);
}

/* Stop the current URB transfer */
--- a/drivers/usb/storage/unusual_devs.h
+++ b/drivers/usb/storage/unusual_devs.h
@@ -27,7 +27,8 @@

/* IMPORTANT NOTE: This file must be included in another file which does
* the following thing for it to work:
- * The macro UNUSUAL_DEV() must be defined before this file is included
+ * The UNUSUAL_DEV, COMPLIANT_DEV, and USUAL_DEV macros must be defined
+ * before this file is included.
*/

/* If you edit this file, please try to keep it sorted first by VendorID,
@@ -46,6 +47,12 @@
* <usb-storage@lists.one-eyed-alien.net>
*/

+/* Note: If you add an entry only in order to set the CAPACITY_OK flag,
+ * use the COMPLIANT_DEV macro instead of UNUSUAL_DEV. This is
+ * because such entries mark devices which actually work correctly,
+ * as opposed to devices that do something strangely or wrongly.
+ */
+
/* patch submitted by Vivian Bregier <Vivian.Bregier@imag.fr>
*/
UNUSUAL_DEV( 0x03eb, 0x2002, 0x0100, 0x0100,
@@ -692,6 +699,13 @@ UNUSUAL_DEV( 0x0525, 0xa140, 0x0100, 0x
US_SC_8070, US_PR_DEVICE, NULL,
US_FL_FIX_INQUIRY ),

+/* Added by Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu> */
+COMPLIANT_DEV(0x0525, 0xa4a5, 0x0000, 0x9999,
+ "Linux",
+ "File-backed Storage Gadget",
+ US_SC_DEVICE, US_PR_DEVICE, NULL,
+ US_FL_CAPACITY_OK ),
+
/* Yakumo Mega Image 37
* Submitted by Stephan Fuhrmann <atomenergie@t-online.de> */
UNUSUAL_DEV( 0x052b, 0x1801, 0x0100, 0x0100,
--- a/drivers/usb/storage/usb.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/storage/usb.c
@@ -126,6 +126,8 @@ MODULE_PARM_DESC(delay_use, "seconds to
{ USB_DEVICE_VER(id_vendor, id_product, bcdDeviceMin,bcdDeviceMax), \
.driver_info = (flags)|(USB_US_TYPE_STOR<<24) }

+#define COMPLIANT_DEV UNUSUAL_DEV
+
#define USUAL_DEV(useProto, useTrans, useType) \
{ USB_INTERFACE_INFO(USB_CLASS_MASS_STORAGE, useProto, useTrans), \
.driver_info = (USB_US_TYPE_STOR<<24) }
@@ -134,6 +136,7 @@ static struct usb_device_id storage_usb_

# include "unusual_devs.h"
#undef UNUSUAL_DEV
+#undef COMPLIANT_DEV
#undef USUAL_DEV
/* Terminating entry */
{ }
@@ -164,6 +167,8 @@ MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE (usb, storage_usb_id
.initFunction = init_function, \
}

+#define COMPLIANT_DEV UNUSUAL_DEV
+
#define USUAL_DEV(use_protocol, use_transport, use_type) \
{ \
.useProtocol = use_protocol, \
@@ -173,6 +178,7 @@ MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE (usb, storage_usb_id
static struct us_unusual_dev us_unusual_dev_list[] = {
# include "unusual_devs.h"
# undef UNUSUAL_DEV
+# undef COMPLIANT_DEV
# undef USUAL_DEV

/* Terminating entry */
--- a/drivers/usb/storage/usb.h
+++ b/drivers/usb/storage/usb.h
@@ -155,6 +155,10 @@ struct us_data {
#ifdef CONFIG_PM
pm_hook suspend_resume_hook;
#endif
+
+ /* hacks for READ CAPACITY bug handling */
+ int use_last_sector_hacks;
+ int last_sector_retries;
};

/* Convert between us_data and the corresponding Scsi_Host */
--- a/include/linux/usb_usual.h
+++ b/include/linux/usb_usual.h
@@ -52,8 +52,9 @@
US_FLAG(MAX_SECTORS_MIN,0x00002000) \
/* Sets max_sectors to arch min */ \
US_FLAG(BULK_IGNORE_TAG,0x00004000) \
- /* Ignore tag mismatch in bulk operations */
-
+ /* Ignore tag mismatch in bulk operations */ \
+ US_FLAG(CAPACITY_OK, 0x00010000) \
+ /* READ CAPACITY response is correct */

#define US_FLAG(name, value) US_FL_##name = value ,
enum { US_DO_ALL_FLAGS };


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