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SubjectRe: [PATCH] Re: Bug: Status/Summary of slashdot leap-second crash on new years 2008-2009
On Fri, Jan 02, 2009 at 10:41:43PM -0600, Chris Adams wrote:
> Once upon a time, Duane Griffin <duaneg@dghda.com> said:
> > On Fri, Jan 02, 2009 at 06:21:14PM -0600, Chris Adams wrote:
> > > In any case, the quick-n-dirty fix would be to not try to printk while
> > > holding xtime_lock (I think the NTP code is the only thing that does).
> > > However, it would be nice to still get the leap second notification, so
> > > some other fix would be better I guess.
> >
> > How about just moving the printk out of the lock? I.e. something like
> > this:
>
> Well, you've only fixed the inserting a leap second case, not the
> removing a leap second case. AFAIK we've never actually had a leap
> second removed, but it could happen (and the code is already there), so
> it should be fixed as well.

Quite right...

> Also, I didn't notice the locking was right there in the ntp_leap_second
> function in the 2.6.26.6 kernel I was looking at, because I've also been
> looking at the 2.6.9-based RHEL 4 kernel (which is a good bit different;
> the lock is held outside the function, so it wouldn't be easy to drop it
> for the printk). I guess that's Red Hat's (and other long-term support
> vendors') problem. The simplest thing for them is still probably to
> just remove the printks.
>
> Here's a patch that moves both prinkts outside the lock. I am unable to
> make a kernel with this patch crash on a leap second insertion or
> deletion.
> --
> Chris Adams <cmadams@hiwaay.net>
> Systems and Network Administrator - HiWAAY Internet Services
> I don't speak for anybody but myself - that's enough trouble.
>
>
> From: Chris Adams <cmadams@hiwaay.net>
>
> The code to handle leap seconds printks an information message when the
> second is inserted or deleted. It does this while holding xtime_lock.
> However, printk wakes up klogd, and in some cases, the scheduler tries
> to get the current kernel time, trying to get xtime_lock (which results
> in a deadlock). This moved the printks outside of the lock.
>
> Signed-off-by: Chris Adams <cmadams@hiwaay.net>
> ---
> diff -urpN linux-2.6.28-git5-vanilla/kernel/time/ntp.c linux-2.6.28-git5/kernel/time/ntp.c
> --- linux-2.6.28-git5-vanilla/kernel/time/ntp.c 2009-01-02 22:09:34.000000000 -0600
> +++ linux-2.6.28-git5/kernel/time/ntp.c 2009-01-02 22:11:23.000000000 -0600
> @@ -130,6 +130,7 @@ void ntp_clear(void)
> static enum hrtimer_restart ntp_leap_second(struct hrtimer *timer)
> {
> enum hrtimer_restart res = HRTIMER_NORESTART;
> + int msg = 0;
>
> write_seqlock(&xtime_lock);
>
> @@ -140,8 +141,7 @@ static enum hrtimer_restart ntp_leap_sec
> xtime.tv_sec--;
> wall_to_monotonic.tv_sec++;
> time_state = TIME_OOP;
> - printk(KERN_NOTICE "Clock: "
> - "inserting leap second 23:59:60 UTC\n");
> + msg = 1;
> hrtimer_add_expires_ns(&leap_timer, NSEC_PER_SEC);
> res = HRTIMER_RESTART;
> break;
> @@ -150,8 +150,7 @@ static enum hrtimer_restart ntp_leap_sec
> time_tai--;
> wall_to_monotonic.tv_sec--;
> time_state = TIME_WAIT;
> - printk(KERN_NOTICE "Clock: "
> - "deleting leap second 23:59:59 UTC\n");
> + msg = 2;
> break;
> case TIME_OOP:
> time_tai++;
> @@ -166,6 +165,17 @@ static enum hrtimer_restart ntp_leap_sec
>
> write_sequnlock(&xtime_lock);
>
> + switch (msg) {
> + case 1:
> + printk(KERN_NOTICE "Clock: "
> + "inserting leap second 23:59:60 UTC\n");
> + break;
> + case 2:
> + printk(KERN_NOTICE "Clock: "
> + "deleting leap second 23:59:59 UTC\n");
> + break;
> + }
> +
> return res;
> }
>

How about instead of a switch statement, assigning the message to a
variable and printing that. I.e. something like:

static enum hrtimer_restart ntp_leap_second(struct hrtimer *timer)
{
enum hrtimer_restart res = HRTIMER_NORESTART;
const char *msg = NULL;

...
msg = "Clock: inserting leap second 23:59:60 UTC";
...
msg = "Clock: deleting leap second 23:59:59 UTC";
...

if (msg)
printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s\n", msg);

Cheers,
Duane.

--
"I never could learn to drink that blood and call it wine" - Bob Dylan


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