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SubjectRe: gcc inlining heuristics was Re: [PATCH -v7][RFC]: mutex: implement adaptive spinning
Linus Torvalds wrote:
> On Mon, 12 Jan 2009, Bernd Schmidt wrote:
>> Something at the back of my mind said "aliasing".
>> $ gcc linus.c -O2 -S ; grep subl linus.s
>> subl $1624, %esp
>> $ gcc linus.c -O2 -S -fno-strict-aliasing; grep subl linus.s
>> subl $824, %esp
>> That's with 4.3.2.
> Interesting.
> Nonsensical, but interesting.
> Since they have no overlap in lifetime, confusing this with aliasing is
> really really broken (if the functions _hadn't_ been inlined, you'd have
> gotten the same address for the two variables anyway! So anybody who
> thinks that they need different addresses because they are different types
> is really really fundmantally confused!).

I've never really looked at the stack slot sharing code. But I think
it's not hard to see what's going on: "no overlap in lifetime" may be a
temporary state. Let's say you have

variable_of_some_type a;
writes to a;
other stuff;
reads from a;
variable_of_some_other_type b;
writes to b;
other stuff;
reads from b;

At the point where the compiler generates RTL, stack space has to be
allocated for variables A and B. At this point the lifetimes are
non-overlapping. However, if the compiler chooses to put them into the
same stack location, the RTL-based alias analysis will happily conclude
(based on the differing types) that the reads from A and the writes to B
can't possibly conflict, and some passes may end up reordering them.
End result: overlapping lifetimes and overlapping stack slots. Oops.

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