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SubjectRe: [RFC v5][PATCH 7/8] Infrastructure for shared objects
On Wed, Sep 17, 2008 at 1:48 AM, Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com> wrote:
> On Sat, 2008-09-13 at 19:06 -0400, Oren Laadan wrote:
>> +=== Shared resources (objects)
>> +
>> +Many resources used by tasks may be shared by more than one task (e.g.
>> +file descriptors, memory address space, etc), or even have multiple
>> +references from other resources (e.g. a single inode that represents
>> +two ends of a pipe).
>> +
>> +Clearly, the state of shared objects need only be saved once, even if
>> +they occur multiple times. We use a hash table (ctx->objhash) to keep
>> +track of shared objects in the following manner.
>> +
>> +On the first encounter, the state is dumped and the object is assigned
>> +a unique identifier and also stored in the hash table (indexed by its
>> +physical kenrel address). From then on the object will be found in the
>> +hash and only its identifier is saved.
>
> kernel? ^^^^^^

One more thing, 'physical' is rather awkward.
Many kernel developer use physical address and virtual address with
different meaning. It is confusing them.
How about omitting 'physcial'?
>
>> +On restart the identifier is looked up in the hash table; if not found
>> +then the state is read, the object is created, and added to the hash
>> +table (this time indexed by its identifier). Otherwise, the object in
>> +the hash table is used.
>> +
>> +The interface for the hash table is the following:
>> +
>> +cr_obj_get_by_ptr - find the unique identifier - object reference (objref)
>> + of the object that is pointer to by ptr (or 0 if not found) [checkpoint]
>> +
>> +cr_obj_add_ptr - add the object pointed to by ptr to the hash table if
>> + it isn't already there, and fill its unique identifier (objref); will
>> + return 0 if already found in the has, or 1 otherwise [checkpoint]
>> +
>> +cr_obj_get_by_ref - return the pointer to the object whose unique identifier
>> + is equal to objref [restart]
>> +
>> +cr_obj_add_ref - add the object with unique identifier objref, pointed to by
>> + ptr to the hash table if it isn't already there; will return 0 if already
>> + found in the has, or 1 otherwise [restart]
>
> I'd much rather see all this documentation put properly inline with the
> source code. I doubt anyone will actually find this stuff.
>
>> +
>> === Changelog
>>
>> [2008-Sep-11] v5:
>> diff --git a/checkpoint/Makefile b/checkpoint/Makefile
>> index ac35033..9843fb9 100644
>> --- a/checkpoint/Makefile
>> +++ b/checkpoint/Makefile
>> @@ -2,5 +2,5 @@
>> # Makefile for linux checkpoint/restart.
>> #
>>
>> -obj-$(CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTART) += sys.o checkpoint.o restart.o \
>> +obj-$(CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTART) += sys.o checkpoint.o restart.o objhash.o \
>> ckpt_mem.o rstr_mem.o
>> diff --git a/checkpoint/objhash.c b/checkpoint/objhash.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 0000000..0862086
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/checkpoint/objhash.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,237 @@
>> +/*
>> + * Checkpoint-restart - object hash infrastructure to manage shared objects
>> + *
>> + * Copyright (C) 2008 Oren Laadan
>> + *
>> + * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
>> + * License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of the Linux
>> + * distribution for more details.
>> + */
>> +
>> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
>> +#include <linux/file.h>
>> +#include <linux/hash.h>
>> +#include <linux/checkpoint.h>
>> +
>> +struct cr_objref {
>> + int objref;
>> + void *ptr;
>> + unsigned short type;
>> + unsigned short flags;
>> + struct hlist_node hash;
>> +};
>> +
>> +struct cr_objhash {
>> + struct hlist_head *head;
>> + int objref_index;
>> +};
>> +
>> +#define CR_OBJHASH_NBITS 10
>> +#define CR_OBJHASH_TOTAL (1UL << CR_OBJHASH_NBITS)
>> +
>> +static void cr_obj_ref_drop(struct cr_objref *obj)
>> +{
>> + switch (obj->type) {
>> + case CR_OBJ_FILE:
>> + fput((struct file *) obj->ptr);
>> + break;
>> + default:
>> + BUG();
>> + }
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void cr_obj_ref_grab(struct cr_objref *obj)
>> +{
>> + switch (obj->type) {
>> + case CR_OBJ_FILE:
>> + get_file((struct file *) obj->ptr);
>> + break;
>> + default:
>> + BUG();
>> + }
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void cr_objhash_clear(struct cr_objhash *objhash)
>> +{
>> + struct hlist_head *h = objhash->head;
>> + struct hlist_node *n, *t;
>> + struct cr_objref *obj;
>> + int i;
>> +
>> + for (i = 0; i < CR_OBJHASH_TOTAL; i++) {
>> + hlist_for_each_entry_safe(obj, n, t, &h[i], hash) {
>> + cr_obj_ref_drop(obj);
>> + kfree(obj);
>> + }
>> + }
>> +}
>> +
>> +void cr_objhash_free(struct cr_ctx *ctx)
>> +{
>> + struct cr_objhash *objhash = ctx->objhash;
>> +
>> + if (objhash) {
>> + cr_objhash_clear(objhash);
>> + kfree(objhash->head);
>> + kfree(ctx->objhash);
>> + ctx->objhash = NULL;
>> + }
>> +}
>> +int cr_objhash_alloc(struct cr_ctx *ctx)
>> +{
>> + struct cr_objhash *objhash;
>> + struct hlist_head *head;
>> +
>> + objhash = kzalloc(sizeof(*objhash), GFP_KERNEL);
>> + if (!objhash)
>> + return -ENOMEM;
>> + head = kzalloc(CR_OBJHASH_TOTAL * sizeof(*head), GFP_KERNEL);
>> + if (!head) {
>> + kfree(objhash);
>> + return -ENOMEM;
>> + }
>> +
>> + objhash->head = head;
>> + objhash->objref_index = 1;
>> +
>> + ctx->objhash = objhash;
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static struct cr_objref *cr_obj_find_by_ptr(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *ptr)
>> +{
>> + struct hlist_head *h;
>> + struct hlist_node *n;
>> + struct cr_objref *obj;
>> +
>> + h = &ctx->objhash->head[hash_ptr(ptr, CR_OBJHASH_NBITS)];
>> + hlist_for_each_entry(obj, n, h, hash)
>> + if (obj->ptr == ptr)
>> + return obj;
>> + return NULL;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static struct cr_objref *cr_obj_find_by_objref(struct cr_ctx *ctx, int objref)
>> +{
>> + struct hlist_head *h;
>> + struct hlist_node *n;
>> + struct cr_objref *obj;
>> +
>> + h = &ctx->objhash->head[hash_ptr((void *) objref, CR_OBJHASH_NBITS)];
>> + hlist_for_each_entry(obj, n, h, hash)
>> + if (obj->objref == objref)
>> + return obj;
>> + return NULL;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static struct cr_objref *cr_obj_new(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *ptr, int objref,
>> + unsigned short type, unsigned short flags)
>> +{
>> + struct cr_objref *obj;
>> +
>> + obj = kmalloc(sizeof(*obj), GFP_KERNEL);
>> + if (obj) {
>> + int i;
>> +
>> + obj->ptr = ptr;
>> + obj->type = type;
>> + obj->flags = flags;
>> +
>> + if (objref) {
>> + /* use 'objref' to index (restart) */
>> + obj->objref = objref;
>> + i = hash_ptr((void *) objref, CR_OBJHASH_NBITS);
>> + } else {
>> + /* use 'ptr' to index, assign objref (checkpoint) */
>> + obj->objref = ctx->objhash->objref_index++;;
>> + i = hash_ptr(ptr, CR_OBJHASH_NBITS);
>> + }
>> +
>> + hlist_add_head(&obj->hash, &ctx->objhash->head[i]);
>> + cr_obj_ref_grab(obj);
>> + }
>> + return obj;
>> +}
>> +
>> +/**
>> + * cr_obj_add_ptr - add an object to the hash table if not already there
>> + * @ctx: checkpoint context
>> + * @ptr: pointer to object
>> + * @objref: unique identifier - object reference [output]
>> + * @type: object type
>> + * @flags: object flags
>> + *
>> + * Fills the unique identifier of the object into @objref
>> + *
>> + * returns 0 if found, 1 if added, < 0 on error
>> + */
>> +int cr_obj_add_ptr(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *ptr, int *objref,
>> + unsigned short type, unsigned short flags)
>> +{
>> + struct cr_objref *obj;
>> + int ret = 0;
>> +
>> + obj = cr_obj_find_by_ptr(ctx, ptr);
>> + if (!obj) {
>> + obj = cr_obj_new(ctx, ptr, 0, type, flags);
>> + if (!obj)
>> + return -ENOMEM;
>> + else
>> + ret = 1;
>> + } else if (obj->type != type) /* sanity check */
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> + *objref = obj->objref;
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +/**
>> + * cr_obj_add_ref - add an object with unique identifer to the hash table
>> + * @ctx: checkpoint context
>> + * @ptr: pointer to object
>> + * @objref: unique identifier - object reference
>> + * @type: object type
>> + * @flags: object flags
>> + */
>> +int cr_obj_add_ref(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *ptr, int objref,
>> + unsigned short type, unsigned short flags)
>> +{
>> + struct cr_objref *obj;
>> +
>> + obj = cr_obj_new(ctx, ptr, objref, type, flags);
>> + return obj ? 0 : -ENOMEM;
>> +}
>> +
>> +/**
>> + * cr_obj_get_by_ptr - find the unique identifier (objref) of an object
>> + * @ctx: checkpoint context
>> + * @ptr: pointer to object
>> + * @type: object type
>> + */
>> +int cr_obj_get_by_ptr(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *ptr, unsigned short type)
>> +{
>> + struct cr_objref *obj;
>> +
>> + obj = cr_obj_find_by_ptr(ctx, ptr);
>> + if (obj)
>> + return obj->type == type ? obj->objref : -EINVAL;
>> + else
>> + return -ESRCH;
>> +}
>
> I have some nits about some of that. I'd prefer to see the main code
> flow of the functions get taken out of the if(){} blocks and put at the
> first indenting level (cr_obj_new() could use this).
>
> One other nit would be to try and get rid of some of the '?:' use. I
> personally find those hard to read and we don't use them that heavily in
> the core kernel. For instance, the above can be written:
>
> obj = cr_obj_find_by_ptr(ctx, ptr);
> if (!obj)
> return -ESRCH;
> if (obj->type != type)
> return -EINVAL;
> return obj->objref;
>
> Which make the error conditions and their results just pop out much
> easier at the cost of a single added line of code.
>
> -- Dave
>
> --
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--
Kinds regards,
MinChan Kim


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