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SubjectRe: [PATCH] init: bzip2 or lzma -compressed kernels and initrds
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On Sunday 07 September 2008 00:48:31 Willy Tarreau wrote:
> Hi Alain,
> > +config KERNEL_LZMA
> > + bool "LZMA"
> > + help
> > + The most recent compression algorithm.
> > + Its ratio is best, decompression speed is between the other
> > + 2. Compression is slowest.
> > + The kernel size is about 33 per cent smaller with lzma,
> > + in comparison to gzip.
>
> isn't memory usage in the same range as bzip2 ?

Last I checked it was more. (I very vaguely recall somebody saying 16 megs
working space back when this was first submitted to busybox, but that was a
few years ago...)

A quick Google found a page that benchmarks them. Apparently it depends
heavily on which compression option you use:

http://tukaani.org/lzma/benchmarks

Something compressed with lzma -6 takes 5 megabytes to decompress, -7 takes 9
megs, -8 takes 17 megs, and -9 takes 33. (Plus your source and target
buffers for in-memory compression.)

So decompressing anything more than an "allnoconfig" kernel with lzma -6
probably wouldn't quite fit in 8 megs (800k source data, 2.5 megs destination
data, 5 megs working space... boing.). You'd need to bump up to 12 or so.
And compressed with -7 or -8 you're talking 32 megs or more.

> > +# Bzip2
> > +#
> > -------------------------------------------------------------------------
> >-- +
> > +# Bzip2 does not include size in file... so we have to fake that
> > +size_append=perl -e 'print(pack("i",(stat($$ARGV[0]))[7]));'
> > +
> > +quiet_cmd_bzip2 = BZIP2 $@
> > +cmd_bzip2 = (bzip2 -9 < $< ; $(size_append) $<) > $@
>
> It would be the only command in the build process that requires perl. While
> not a disaster, it's a bit annoying to introduce a new build dependency.

While I despise requiring perl to build the kernel, I'd like to point out that
H. Peter Anvin introduced Perl as a build requirement for 2.6.25:
http://git.kernel.org/?p=linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git;a=commitdiff;h=bdc807871d58285737d50dc6163d0feb72cb0dc2

Before that perl was only required for optional things like bloat-o-meter, not
to actually _build_ the kernel.

My argument about it with him and Sam Ravnborg back in February was at:
http://lkml.org/lkml/2008/2/15/541

And their position was "perl is inevitable, go ahead and add python too if you
like". Apparently your build environment can have an infinite number of
requirements, including things like perl where the implementation is the
spec. (There is no perl spec, there's only a perl implementation. Python at
least has a java implementation...)

My updated patch to remove the dependency from 2.6.26 was here:
http://www.mail-archive.com/linux-embedded%40vger.kernel.org/msg00748.html

Rob


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