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SubjectRe: [PATCH 02/18] lirc serial port receiver/transmitter device driver
Date
Jarod Wilson wrote:

> On Tuesday 09 September 2008 12:14:22 Jonathan Corbet wrote:
>> > +#ifdef LIRC_SERIAL_IRDEO
>> > +static int type = LIRC_IRDEO;
>> > +#elif defined(LIRC_SERIAL_IRDEO_REMOTE)
>> > +static int type = LIRC_IRDEO_REMOTE;
>> > +#elif defined(LIRC_SERIAL_ANIMAX)
>> > +static int type = LIRC_ANIMAX;
>> > +#elif defined(LIRC_SERIAL_IGOR)
>> > +static int type = LIRC_IGOR;
>> > +#elif defined(LIRC_SERIAL_NSLU2)
>> > +static int type = LIRC_NSLU2;
>> > +#else
>> > +static int type = LIRC_HOMEBREW;
>> > +#endif
>>
>> So where do all these LIRC_SERIAL_* macros come from? I can't really
>> tell what this bunch of ifdeffery is doing or how one might influence it.
>
> Bleah. I believe these get passed in when building lirc userspace and
> drivers together, when manually selected the specific type of serial
> receiver you have in lirc's menu-driven configuration tool thingy...
>
> In other words, they do us absolutely no good here. We just build for the
> default type (LIRC_HOMEBREW), and users can override the type as necessary
> via the 'type' module parameter. I'll nuke that chunk.
>
>> > +
>> > +static struct lirc_serial hardware[] = {
>> > + /* home-brew receiver/transmitter */
>> > + {
>> > + UART_MSR_DCD,
>> > + UART_MSR_DDCD,
>> > + UART_MCR_RTS|UART_MCR_OUT2|UART_MCR_DTR,
>> > + UART_MCR_RTS|UART_MCR_OUT2,
>> > + send_pulse_homebrew,
>> > + send_space_homebrew,
>> > + (
>> > +#ifdef LIRC_SERIAL_TRANSMITTER
>> > + LIRC_CAN_SET_SEND_DUTY_CYCLE|
>> > + LIRC_CAN_SET_SEND_CARRIER|
>> > + LIRC_CAN_SEND_PULSE|
>> > +#endif
>> > + LIRC_CAN_REC_MODE2)
>> > + },
>>
>> It would be really nice to use the .field=value structure initialization
>> conventions here.
>
> Indeed. Done.
>
>> > +#if defined(__i386__)
>> > +/*
>> > + From:
>> > + Linux I/O port programming mini-HOWTO
>> > + Author: Riku Saikkonen <Riku.Saikkonen@hut.fi>
>> > + v, 28 December 1997
>> > +
>> > + [...]
>> > + Actually, a port I/O instruction on most ports in the 0-0x3ff range
>> > + takes almost exactly 1 microsecond, so if you're, for example,using
>> > + the parallel port directly, just do additional inb()s from that port
>> > + to delay.
>> > + [...]
>> > +*/
>> > +/* transmitter latency 1.5625us 0x1.90 - this figure arrived at from
>> > + * comment above plus trimming to match actual measured frequency.
>> > + * This will be sensitive to cpu speed, though hopefully most of the
>> > 1.5us + * is spent in the uart access. Still - for reference test
>> > machine was a + * 1.13GHz Athlon system - Steve
>> > + */
>> > +
>> > +/* changed from 400 to 450 as this works better on slower machines;
>> > + faster machines will use the rdtsc code anyway */
>> > +
>> > +#define LIRC_SERIAL_TRANSMITTER_LATENCY 450
>> > +
>> > +#else
>> > +
>> > +/* does anybody have information on other platforms ? */
>> > +/* 256 = 1<<8 */
>> > +#define LIRC_SERIAL_TRANSMITTER_LATENCY 256
>> > +
>> > +#endif /* __i386__ */
>>
>> This is a little scary. Maybe hrtimers would be a better way of handling
>> your timing issues?
>
> Sounds plausible, will look into it. Of course, this partially hinges on
> the USE_RDTSC bits, more comments just a little ways down...
>
>> > +static inline unsigned int sinp(int offset)
>> > +{
>> > +#if defined(LIRC_ALLOW_MMAPPED_IO)
>> > + if (iommap != 0) {
>> > + /* the register is memory-mapped */
>> > + offset <<= ioshift;
>> > + return readb(io + offset);
>> > + }
>> > +#endif
>> > + return inb(io + offset);
>> > +}
>>
>> This all looks like a reimplementation of ioport_map() and the associated
>> ioread*() and iowrite*() functions...?
>
> Probably. Will see about using those instead.
>
>> > +#ifdef USE_RDTSC
>> > +/* Version that uses Pentium rdtsc instruction to measure clocks */
>> > +
>> > +/* This version does sub-microsecond timing using rdtsc instruction,
>> > + * and does away with the fudged LIRC_SERIAL_TRANSMITTER_LATENCY
>> > + * Implicitly i586 architecture... - Steve
>> > + */
>> > +
>> > +static inline long send_pulse_homebrew_softcarrier(unsigned long
>> > length) +{
>> > + int flag;
>> > + unsigned long target, start, now;
>> > +
>> > + /* Get going quick as we can */
>> > + rdtscl(start); on();
>> > + /* Convert length from microseconds to clocks */
>> > + length *= conv_us_to_clocks;
>> > + /* And loop till time is up - flipping at right intervals */
>> > + now = start;
>> > + target = pulse_width;
>> > + flag = 1;
>> > + while ((now-start) < length) {
>> > + /* Delay till flip time */
>> > + do {
>> > + rdtscl(now);
>> > + } while ((now-start) < target);
>>
>> This looks like a hard busy wait, without even an occasional, polite,
>> cpu_relax() call. There's got to be a better way?
>>
>> The i2c code has the result of a lot of bit-banging work, I wonder if
>> there's something there which could be helpful here.
>
> Hrm... So at some point in the past, there was an "#if defined(rdtscl)" in
> the lirc_serial.c code that triggered USE_RDTSC being defined. At the
> moment, there's nothing defining it (I probably overzealously nuked it
> during clean- up), so we're not even touching the above code. However,
> this is supposed to be the "better" code path wrt producing a reliable
> waveform, at least on platforms with rdtscl... Will have to do some
> investigating... This actually affects whether or not we bother with
> hrtimers as suggested above too, as LIRC_SERIAL_TRANSMITTER_LATENCY is not
> used at all in the USE_RDTSC case.
>
>> > +static irqreturn_t irq_handler(int i, void *blah)
>> > +{
>> > + struct timeval tv;
>> > + int status, counter, dcd;
>> > + long deltv;
>> > + int data;
>> > + static int last_dcd = -1;
>> > +
>> > + if ((sinp(UART_IIR) & UART_IIR_NO_INT)) {
>> > + /* not our interrupt */
>> > + return IRQ_RETVAL(IRQ_NONE);
>> > + }
>>
>> That should just be IRQ_NONE, no?
>
> Yeah, looks like it. Done.
>
>> > +static void hardware_init_port(void)
>> > +{
>> > + unsigned long flags;
>> > + local_irq_save(flags);
>>
>> That won't help you if an interrupt is handled by another processor.
>> This needs proper locking, methinks.
>
> Yeah, working on implementing locking right now.
>
>> Nothing in this function does anything to assure itself that the port
>> actually exists and is the right kind of hardware. Maybe that can't
>> really be done with this kind of device?
>
> We should probably try to make sure the port actually exists, but I don't
> think there's a whole lot (if anything) we can do as far as verifying the
> device itself.
>
>> > +static int init_port(void)
>> > +{
>>
>> ...
>>
>> > + if (sense == -1) {
>> > + /* wait 1/2 sec for the power supply */
>> > +
>> > + set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
>> > + schedule_timeout(HZ/2);
>>
>> msleep(), maybe?
>
> Yeah, looks like it.
>
>> > +static int set_use_inc(void *data)
>> > +{
>> > + int result;
>> > + unsigned long flags;
>> > +
>> > + /* Init read buffer. */
>> > + if (lirc_buffer_init(&rbuf, sizeof(int), RBUF_LEN) < 0)
>> > + return -ENOMEM;
>> > +
>> > + /* initialize timestamp */
>> > + do_gettimeofday(&lasttv);
>> > +
>> > + result = request_irq(irq, irq_handler,
>> > + IRQF_DISABLED | (share_irq ? IRQF_SHARED : 0),
>> > + LIRC_DRIVER_NAME, (void *)&hardware);
>> > +
>> > + switch (result) {
>> > + case -EBUSY:
>> > + printk(KERN_ERR LIRC_DRIVER_NAME ": IRQ %d busy\n", irq);
>> > + lirc_buffer_free(&rbuf);
>> > + return -EBUSY;
>> > + case -EINVAL:
>> > + printk(KERN_ERR LIRC_DRIVER_NAME
>> > + ": Bad irq number or handler\n");
>> > + lirc_buffer_free(&rbuf);
>> > + return -EINVAL;
>> > + default:
>> > + dprintk("Interrupt %d, port %04x obtained\n", irq,
>> > io);
>> > + break;
>> > + };
>> > +
>> > + local_irq_save(flags);
>> > +
>> > + /* Set DLAB 0. */
>> > + soutp(UART_LCR, sinp(UART_LCR) & (~UART_LCR_DLAB));
>> > +
>> > + soutp(UART_IER, sinp(UART_IER)|UART_IER_MSI);
>> > +
>> > + local_irq_restore(flags);
>> > +
>> > + return 0;
>> > +}
>>
>> OK, so set_use_inc() really is just an open() function. It still seems
>> like a strange duplication.
>
> Going to let the duplication be for the moment, since I don't know the
> history behind why there's duplication, and there are enough other
> mountains to climb first... :)
>
>> Again, local_irq_save() seems insufficient here. You need a lock to
>> serialize access to the hardware.
>
> Will do.

I just want to thank you very much for your work and give you my Tested-By.
Todays git (b2e9c18a32423310a309f94ea5a659c4bb264378) works well here with
lirc-0.8.3 userspace on a Pentium 3/i815-system.

But I've had a section mismatch in the lirc code, don't know if this is
serious.

WARNING: drivers/input/lirc/lirc_serial.o(.init.text+0x11e): Section mismatch
in reference from the function init_module() to the
function .exit.text:lirc_serial_exit()
The function __init init_module() references
a function __exit lirc_serial_exit().
This is often seen when error handling in the init function
uses functionality in the exit path.
The fix is often to remove the __exit annotation of
lirc_serial_exit() so it may be used outside an exit section.


Regards,
Stefan


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