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    SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/5] ftrace: to kill a daemon
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    On Fri, 2008-08-08 at 14:13 -0400, Steven Rostedt wrote:
    > On Fri, 8 Aug 2008, Mathieu Desnoyers wrote:
    > > * Steven Rostedt (rostedt@goodmis.org) wrote:
    > > >
    > > > On Fri, 8 Aug 2008, Mathieu Desnoyers wrote:
    > > > > * Steven Rostedt (rostedt@goodmis.org) wrote:
    > > > > >
    > > > > > I originally used jumps instead of nops, but unfortunately, they actually
    > > > > > hurt performance more than adding nops. Ingo told me it was probably due
    > > > > > to using up the jump predictions of the CPU.
    > > > > >
    > > > >
    > > > > Hrm, are you sure you use a single 5-bytes nop instruction then, or do
    > > > > you use a mix of various nop sizes (add_nops) on some architectures ?
    > > >
    > > > I use (for x86) what is in include/asm-x86/nops.h depending on what the
    > > > cpuid gives us.
    > > >
    > >
    > > That's bad :
    > >
    > > #define GENERIC_NOP5 GENERIC_NOP1 GENERIC_NOP4
    > >
    > > #define K8_NOP5 K8_NOP3 K8_NOP2
    > >
    > > #define K7_NOP5 K7_NOP4 ASM_NOP1
    > >
    > > So, when you try, later, to replace these instructions with a single
    > > 5-bytes instruction, a preempted thread could iret in the middle of your
    > > 5-bytes insn and cause an illegal instruction ?
    >
    > That's why I use kstop_machine.
    >
    > >
    > >
    > > > >
    > > > > You can consume the branch prediction buffers for conditional branches,
    > > > > but I doubt static jumps have this impact ? I don't see what "jump
    > > > > predictions" you are referring to here exactly.
    > > >
    > > > I don't know the details, but we definitely saw a drop in preformance
    > > > between using nops and static jumps.
    > > >
    > >
    > > Generated by replacing all the call by 5-bytes jumps e9 00 00 00 00
    > > instead of the 5-bytes add_nops ? On which architectures ?
    > >
    >
    > I ran this on my Dell (intel Xeon), which IIRC did show the performance
    > degration. I unfortunately don't have the time to redo those tests, but
    > you are welcome to.
    >
    > Just look at arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c and replace the nop with the jump.
    > In fact, the comments in that file still say it is a jmp. Remember, my
    > first go was to use the jmp.

    5 single byte nops?



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