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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/1] allocate structures for reservation tracking in hugetlbfs outside of spinlocks
On Thu,  7 Aug 2008 21:28:23 +0100
Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> wrote:

> [Andrew, this fixes a problem in the private reservations stack, shown up
> by some testing done by Gerald on s390 with PREEMPT. It fixes an attempt
> at allocation while holding locks. This should be merged up to mainline
> as a bug fix to those patches.]
>
> In the normal case, hugetlbfs reserves hugepages at map time so that the
> pages exist for future faults. A struct file_region is used to track
> when reservations have been consumed and where. These file_regions
> are allocated as necessary with kmalloc() which can sleep with the
> mm->page_table_lock held. This is wrong and triggers may-sleep warning
> when PREEMPT is enabled.
>
> Updates to the underlying file_region are done in two phases. The first
> phase prepares the region for the change, allocating any necessary memory,
> without actually making the change. The second phase actually commits
> the change. This patch makes use of this by checking the reservations
> before the page_table_lock is taken; triggering any necessary allocations.
> This may then be safely repeated within the locks without any allocations
> being required.
>
> Credit to Mel Gorman for diagnosing this failure and initial versions of
> the patch.
>

After applying the patch:

: int hugetlb_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
: unsigned long address, int write_access)
: {
: pte_t *ptep;
: pte_t entry;
: int ret;
: struct page *pagecache_page = NULL;
: static DEFINE_MUTEX(hugetlb_instantiation_mutex);
: struct hstate *h = hstate_vma(vma);
:
: ptep = huge_pte_alloc(mm, address, huge_page_size(h));
: if (!ptep)
: return VM_FAULT_OOM;
:
: /*
: * Serialize hugepage allocation and instantiation, so that we don't
: * get spurious allocation failures if two CPUs race to instantiate
: * the same page in the page cache.
: */
: mutex_lock(&hugetlb_instantiation_mutex);
: entry = huge_ptep_get(ptep);
: if (huge_pte_none(entry)) {
: ret = hugetlb_no_page(mm, vma, address, ptep, write_access);
: mutex_unlock(&hugetlb_instantiation_mutex);
: return ret;
: }
:
: ret = 0;
:
: /*
: * If we are going to COW the mapping later, we examine the pending
: * reservations for this page now. This will ensure that any
: * allocations necessary to record that reservation occur outside the
: * spinlock. For private mappings, we also lookup the pagecache
: * page now as it is used to determine if a reservation has been
: * consumed.
: */
: if (write_access && !pte_write(entry)) {
: vma_needs_reservation(h, vma, address);
:
: if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED))
: pagecache_page = hugetlbfs_pagecache_page(h,
: vma, address);
: }

There's a seeming race window here, where a new page can get
instantiated. But down-read(mmap_sem) plus hugetlb_instantiation_mutex
prevents that, yes?


: spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
: /* Check for a racing update before calling hugetlb_cow */
: if (likely(pte_same(entry, huge_ptep_get(ptep))))
: if (write_access && !pte_write(entry))
: ret = hugetlb_cow(mm, vma, address, ptep, entry,
: pagecache_page);
: spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
:
: if (pagecache_page) {
: unlock_page(pagecache_page);
: put_page(pagecache_page);
: }
:
: mutex_unlock(&hugetlb_instantiation_mutex);
:
: return ret;
: }
:
:


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