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SubjectRe: Race condition between putback_lru_page and mem_cgroup_move_list
KOSAKI Motohiro wrote:
> Hi
>>> I think this is a race condition if mem_cgroup_move_lists's comment isn't right.
>>> I am not sure that it was already known problem.
>>> mem_cgroup_move_lists assume the appropriate zone's lru lock is already held.
>>> but putback_lru_page calls mem_cgroup_move_lists without holding lru_lock.
>> Hmmm, the comment on mem_cgroup_move_lists() does say this. Although,
>> reading thru' the code, I can't see why it requires this. But then it's
>> Monday, here...
> I also think zone's lru lock is unnecessary.
> So, I guess below "it" indicate lock_page_cgroup, not zone lru lock.

We need zone LRU lock, since the reclaim paths hold them. Not sure if I
understand why you call zone's LRU lock unnecessary, could you elaborate please?

> >> But we cannot safely get to page_cgroup without it, so just try_lock it:
> if my assumption is true, comment modifying is better.
>>> Repeatedly, spin_[un/lock]_irq use in mem_cgroup_move_list have a big overhead
>>> while doing list iteration.
>>> Do we have to use pagevec ?
>> This shouldn't be necessary, IMO. putback_lru_page() is used as
>> follows:
>> 1) in vmscan.c [shrink_*_list()] when an unevictable page is
>> encountered. This should be relatively rare. Once vmscan sees an
>> unevictable page, it parks it on the unevictable lru list where it
>> [vmscan] won't see the page again until it becomes reclaimable.
>> 2) as a replacement for move_to_lru() in page migration as the inverse
>> to isolate_lru_page(). We did this to catch patches that became
>> unevictable or, more importantly, evictable while page migration held
>> them isolated. move_to_lru() already grabbed and released the zone lru
>> lock on each page migrated.
>> 3) In m[un]lock_vma_page() and clear_page_mlock(), new with in the
>> "mlocked pages are unevictable" series. This one can result in a storm
>> of zone lru traffic--e.g., mlock()ing or munlocking() a large segment or
>> mlockall() of a task with a lot of mapped address space. Again, this is
>> probably a very rare event--unless you're stressing [stressing over?]
>> mlock(), as I've been doing :)--and often involves a major fault [page
>> allocation], per page anyway.
>> I originally did have a pagevec for the unevictable lru but it
>> complicated ensuring that we don't strand evictable pages on the
>> unevictable list. See the retry logic in putback_lru_page().
>> As for the !UNEVICTABLE_LRU version, the only place this should be
>> called is from page migration as none of the other call sites are
>> compiled in or reachable when !UNEVICTABLE_LRU.
>> Thoughts?
> I think both opinion is correct.
> unevictable lru related code doesn't require pagevec.
> but mem_cgroup_move_lists is used by active/inactive list transition too.
> then, pagevec is necessary for keeping reclaim throuput.

It's on my TODO list. I hope to get to it soon.

> Kim-san, Thank you nice point out!
> I queued this fix to my TODO list.

Warm Regards,
Balbir Singh
Linux Technology Center

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