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Subject[RFC][PATCH 4/7] lockdep: shrink held_lock structure
From: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com>

struct held_lock {
u64 prev_chain_key; /* 0 8 */
struct lock_class * class; /* 8 8 */
long unsigned int acquire_ip; /* 16 8 */
struct lockdep_map * instance; /* 24 8 */
int irq_context; /* 32 4 */
int trylock; /* 36 4 */
int read; /* 40 4 */
int check; /* 44 4 */
int hardirqs_off; /* 48 4 */

/* size: 56, cachelines: 1 */
/* padding: 4 */
/* last cacheline: 56 bytes */
};

struct held_lock {
u64 prev_chain_key; /* 0 8 */
long unsigned int acquire_ip; /* 8 8 */
struct lockdep_map * instance; /* 16 8 */
unsigned int class_idx:11; /* 24:21 4 */
unsigned int irq_context:1; /* 24:20 4 */
unsigned int trylock:1; /* 24:19 4 */
unsigned int read:2; /* 24:17 4 */
unsigned int check:1; /* 24:16 4 */
unsigned int hardirqs_off:1; /* 24:15 4 */

/* size: 32, cachelines: 1 */
/* padding: 4 */
/* bit_padding: 15 bits */
/* last cacheline: 32 bytes */
};

[ From: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>, shrunk hlock->class too. ]

Signed-off-by: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
---
include/linux/lockdep.h | 16 +++---
kernel/lockdep.c | 113 +++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------------
kernel/lockdep_internals.h | 3 -
3 files changed, 74 insertions(+), 58 deletions(-)

Index: linux-2.6/include/linux/lockdep.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/linux/lockdep.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/linux/lockdep.h
@@ -190,6 +190,9 @@ struct lock_chain {
u64 chain_key;
};

+#define MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS_BITS 11
+#define MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS (1UL << MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS_BITS)
+
struct held_lock {
/*
* One-way hash of the dependency chain up to this point. We
@@ -206,14 +209,13 @@ struct held_lock {
* with zero), here we store the previous hash value:
*/
u64 prev_chain_key;
- struct lock_class *class;
unsigned long acquire_ip;
struct lockdep_map *instance;
-
#ifdef CONFIG_LOCK_STAT
u64 waittime_stamp;
u64 holdtime_stamp;
#endif
+ unsigned int class_idx:MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS_BITS;
/*
* The lock-stack is unified in that the lock chains of interrupt
* contexts nest ontop of process context chains, but we 'separate'
@@ -227,11 +229,11 @@ struct held_lock {
* The following field is used to detect when we cross into an
* interrupt context:
*/
- int irq_context;
- int trylock;
- int read;
- int check;
- int hardirqs_off;
+ unsigned int irq_context:1;
+ unsigned int trylock:1;
+ unsigned int read:2;
+ unsigned int check:1;
+ unsigned int hardirqs_off:1;
};

/*
Index: linux-2.6/kernel/lockdep.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/kernel/lockdep.c
+++ linux-2.6/kernel/lockdep.c
@@ -124,6 +124,15 @@ static struct lock_list list_entries[MAX
unsigned long nr_lock_classes;
static struct lock_class lock_classes[MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS];

+static inline struct lock_class *hlock_class(struct held_lock *hlock)
+{
+ if (!hlock->class_idx) {
+ DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(1);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ return lock_classes + hlock->class_idx - 1;
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_LOCK_STAT
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct lock_class_stats[MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS], lock_stats);

@@ -222,7 +231,7 @@ static void lock_release_holdtime(struct

holdtime = sched_clock() - hlock->holdtime_stamp;

- stats = get_lock_stats(hlock->class);
+ stats = get_lock_stats(hlock_class(hlock));
if (hlock->read)
lock_time_inc(&stats->read_holdtime, holdtime);
else
@@ -518,7 +527,7 @@ static void print_lockdep_cache(struct l

static void print_lock(struct held_lock *hlock)
{
- print_lock_name(hlock->class);
+ print_lock_name(hlock_class(hlock));
printk(", at: ");
print_ip_sym(hlock->acquire_ip);
}
@@ -948,7 +957,7 @@ static noinline int print_circular_bug_t
if (debug_locks_silent)
return 0;

- this.class = check_source->class;
+ this.class = hlock_class(check_source);
if (!save_trace(&this.trace))
return 0;

@@ -1057,7 +1066,7 @@ check_noncircular(struct lock_class *sou
* Check this lock's dependency list:
*/
list_for_each_entry(entry, &source->locks_after, entry) {
- if (entry->class == check_target->class)
+ if (entry->class == hlock_class(check_target))
return print_circular_bug_header(entry, depth+1);
debug_atomic_inc(&nr_cyclic_checks);
if (!check_noncircular(entry->class, depth+1))
@@ -1150,6 +1159,11 @@ find_usage_backwards(struct lock_class *
return 2;
}

+ if (!source && debug_locks_off_graph_unlock()) {
+ WARN_ON(1);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
/*
* Check this lock's dependency list:
*/
@@ -1189,9 +1203,9 @@ print_bad_irq_dependency(struct task_str
printk("\nand this task is already holding:\n");
print_lock(prev);
printk("which would create a new lock dependency:\n");
- print_lock_name(prev->class);
+ print_lock_name(hlock_class(prev));
printk(" ->");
- print_lock_name(next->class);
+ print_lock_name(hlock_class(next));
printk("\n");

printk("\nbut this new dependency connects a %s-irq-safe lock:\n",
@@ -1232,12 +1246,12 @@ check_usage(struct task_struct *curr, st

find_usage_bit = bit_backwards;
/* fills in <backwards_match> */
- ret = find_usage_backwards(prev->class, 0);
+ ret = find_usage_backwards(hlock_class(prev), 0);
if (!ret || ret == 1)
return ret;

find_usage_bit = bit_forwards;
- ret = find_usage_forwards(next->class, 0);
+ ret = find_usage_forwards(hlock_class(next), 0);
if (!ret || ret == 1)
return ret;
/* ret == 2 */
@@ -1362,7 +1376,7 @@ check_deadlock(struct task_struct *curr,

for (i = 0; i < curr->lockdep_depth; i++) {
prev = curr->held_locks + i;
- if (prev->class != next->class)
+ if (hlock_class(prev) != hlock_class(next))
continue;
/*
* Allow read-after-read recursion of the same
@@ -1415,7 +1429,7 @@ check_prev_add(struct task_struct *curr,
*/
check_source = next;
check_target = prev;
- if (!(check_noncircular(next->class, 0)))
+ if (!(check_noncircular(hlock_class(next), 0)))
return print_circular_bug_tail();

if (!check_prev_add_irq(curr, prev, next))
@@ -1439,8 +1453,8 @@ check_prev_add(struct task_struct *curr,
* chains - the second one will be new, but L1 already has
* L2 added to its dependency list, due to the first chain.)
*/
- list_for_each_entry(entry, &prev->class->locks_after, entry) {
- if (entry->class == next->class) {
+ list_for_each_entry(entry, &hlock_class(prev)->locks_after, entry) {
+ if (entry->class == hlock_class(next)) {
if (distance == 1)
entry->distance = 1;
return 2;
@@ -1451,26 +1465,28 @@ check_prev_add(struct task_struct *curr,
* Ok, all validations passed, add the new lock
* to the previous lock's dependency list:
*/
- ret = add_lock_to_list(prev->class, next->class,
- &prev->class->locks_after, next->acquire_ip, distance);
+ ret = add_lock_to_list(hlock_class(prev), hlock_class(next),
+ &hlock_class(prev)->locks_after,
+ next->acquire_ip, distance);

if (!ret)
return 0;

- ret = add_lock_to_list(next->class, prev->class,
- &next->class->locks_before, next->acquire_ip, distance);
+ ret = add_lock_to_list(hlock_class(next), hlock_class(prev),
+ &hlock_class(next)->locks_before,
+ next->acquire_ip, distance);
if (!ret)
return 0;

/*
* Debugging printouts:
*/
- if (verbose(prev->class) || verbose(next->class)) {
+ if (verbose(hlock_class(prev)) || verbose(hlock_class(next))) {
graph_unlock();
printk("\n new dependency: ");
- print_lock_name(prev->class);
+ print_lock_name(hlock_class(prev));
printk(" => ");
- print_lock_name(next->class);
+ print_lock_name(hlock_class(next));
printk("\n");
dump_stack();
return graph_lock();
@@ -1567,7 +1583,7 @@ static inline int lookup_chain_cache(str
struct held_lock *hlock,
u64 chain_key)
{
- struct lock_class *class = hlock->class;
+ struct lock_class *class = hlock_class(hlock);
struct list_head *hash_head = chainhashentry(chain_key);
struct lock_chain *chain;
struct held_lock *hlock_curr, *hlock_next;
@@ -1640,7 +1656,7 @@ cache_hit:
if (likely(cn + chain->depth <= MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAIN_HLOCKS)) {
chain->base = cn;
for (j = 0; j < chain->depth - 1; j++, i++) {
- int lock_id = curr->held_locks[i].class - lock_classes;
+ int lock_id = curr->held_locks[i].class_idx - 1;
chain_hlocks[chain->base + j] = lock_id;
}
chain_hlocks[chain->base + j] = class - lock_classes;
@@ -1736,7 +1752,7 @@ static void check_chain_key(struct task_
WARN_ON(1);
return;
}
- id = hlock->class - lock_classes;
+ id = hlock->class_idx - 1;
if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(id >= MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS))
return;

@@ -1781,7 +1797,7 @@ print_usage_bug(struct task_struct *curr
print_lock(this);

printk("{%s} state was registered at:\n", usage_str[prev_bit]);
- print_stack_trace(this->class->usage_traces + prev_bit, 1);
+ print_stack_trace(hlock_class(this)->usage_traces + prev_bit, 1);

print_irqtrace_events(curr);
printk("\nother info that might help us debug this:\n");
@@ -1800,7 +1816,7 @@ static inline int
valid_state(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *this,
enum lock_usage_bit new_bit, enum lock_usage_bit bad_bit)
{
- if (unlikely(this->class->usage_mask & (1 << bad_bit)))
+ if (unlikely(hlock_class(this)->usage_mask & (1 << bad_bit)))
return print_usage_bug(curr, this, bad_bit, new_bit);
return 1;
}
@@ -1839,7 +1855,7 @@ print_irq_inversion_bug(struct task_stru
lockdep_print_held_locks(curr);

printk("\nthe first lock's dependencies:\n");
- print_lock_dependencies(this->class, 0);
+ print_lock_dependencies(hlock_class(this), 0);

printk("\nthe second lock's dependencies:\n");
print_lock_dependencies(other, 0);
@@ -1862,7 +1878,7 @@ check_usage_forwards(struct task_struct

find_usage_bit = bit;
/* fills in <forwards_match> */
- ret = find_usage_forwards(this->class, 0);
+ ret = find_usage_forwards(hlock_class(this), 0);
if (!ret || ret == 1)
return ret;

@@ -1881,7 +1897,7 @@ check_usage_backwards(struct task_struct

find_usage_bit = bit;
/* fills in <backwards_match> */
- ret = find_usage_backwards(this->class, 0);
+ ret = find_usage_backwards(hlock_class(this), 0);
if (!ret || ret == 1)
return ret;

@@ -1947,7 +1963,7 @@ static int mark_lock_irq(struct task_str
LOCK_ENABLED_HARDIRQS_READ, "hard-read"))
return 0;
#endif
- if (hardirq_verbose(this->class))
+ if (hardirq_verbose(hlock_class(this)))
ret = 2;
break;
case LOCK_USED_IN_SOFTIRQ:
@@ -1972,7 +1988,7 @@ static int mark_lock_irq(struct task_str
LOCK_ENABLED_SOFTIRQS_READ, "soft-read"))
return 0;
#endif
- if (softirq_verbose(this->class))
+ if (softirq_verbose(hlock_class(this)))
ret = 2;
break;
case LOCK_USED_IN_HARDIRQ_READ:
@@ -1985,7 +2001,7 @@ static int mark_lock_irq(struct task_str
if (!check_usage_forwards(curr, this,
LOCK_ENABLED_HARDIRQS, "hard"))
return 0;
- if (hardirq_verbose(this->class))
+ if (hardirq_verbose(hlock_class(this)))
ret = 2;
break;
case LOCK_USED_IN_SOFTIRQ_READ:
@@ -1998,7 +2014,7 @@ static int mark_lock_irq(struct task_str
if (!check_usage_forwards(curr, this,
LOCK_ENABLED_SOFTIRQS, "soft"))
return 0;
- if (softirq_verbose(this->class))
+ if (softirq_verbose(hlock_class(this)))
ret = 2;
break;
case LOCK_ENABLED_HARDIRQS:
@@ -2024,7 +2040,7 @@ static int mark_lock_irq(struct task_str
LOCK_USED_IN_HARDIRQ_READ, "hard-read"))
return 0;
#endif
- if (hardirq_verbose(this->class))
+ if (hardirq_verbose(hlock_class(this)))
ret = 2;
break;
case LOCK_ENABLED_SOFTIRQS:
@@ -2050,7 +2066,7 @@ static int mark_lock_irq(struct task_str
LOCK_USED_IN_SOFTIRQ_READ, "soft-read"))
return 0;
#endif
- if (softirq_verbose(this->class))
+ if (softirq_verbose(hlock_class(this)))
ret = 2;
break;
case LOCK_ENABLED_HARDIRQS_READ:
@@ -2065,7 +2081,7 @@ static int mark_lock_irq(struct task_str
LOCK_USED_IN_HARDIRQ, "hard"))
return 0;
#endif
- if (hardirq_verbose(this->class))
+ if (hardirq_verbose(hlock_class(this)))
ret = 2;
break;
case LOCK_ENABLED_SOFTIRQS_READ:
@@ -2080,7 +2096,7 @@ static int mark_lock_irq(struct task_str
LOCK_USED_IN_SOFTIRQ, "soft"))
return 0;
#endif
- if (softirq_verbose(this->class))
+ if (softirq_verbose(hlock_class(this)))
ret = 2;
break;
default:
@@ -2396,7 +2412,7 @@ static int mark_lock(struct task_struct
* If already set then do not dirty the cacheline,
* nor do any checks:
*/
- if (likely(this->class->usage_mask & new_mask))
+ if (likely(hlock_class(this)->usage_mask & new_mask))
return 1;

if (!graph_lock())
@@ -2404,14 +2420,14 @@ static int mark_lock(struct task_struct
/*
* Make sure we didnt race:
*/
- if (unlikely(this->class->usage_mask & new_mask)) {
+ if (unlikely(hlock_class(this)->usage_mask & new_mask)) {
graph_unlock();
return 1;
}

- this->class->usage_mask |= new_mask;
+ hlock_class(this)->usage_mask |= new_mask;

- if (!save_trace(this->class->usage_traces + new_bit))
+ if (!save_trace(hlock_class(this)->usage_traces + new_bit))
return 0;

switch (new_bit) {
@@ -2545,8 +2561,9 @@ static int __lock_acquire(struct lockdep
return 0;

hlock = curr->held_locks + depth;
-
- hlock->class = class;
+ if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!class))
+ return 0;
+ hlock->class_idx = class - lock_classes + 1;
hlock->acquire_ip = ip;
hlock->instance = lock;
hlock->trylock = trylock;
@@ -2690,7 +2707,7 @@ __lock_set_subclass(struct lockdep_map *

found_it:
class = register_lock_class(lock, subclass, 0);
- hlock->class = class;
+ hlock->class_idx = class - lock_classes + 1;

curr->lockdep_depth = i;
curr->curr_chain_key = hlock->prev_chain_key;
@@ -2698,7 +2715,7 @@ found_it:
for (; i < depth; i++) {
hlock = curr->held_locks + i;
if (!__lock_acquire(hlock->instance,
- hlock->class->subclass, hlock->trylock,
+ hlock_class(hlock)->subclass, hlock->trylock,
hlock->read, hlock->check, hlock->hardirqs_off,
hlock->acquire_ip))
return 0;
@@ -2759,7 +2776,7 @@ found_it:
for (i++; i < depth; i++) {
hlock = curr->held_locks + i;
if (!__lock_acquire(hlock->instance,
- hlock->class->subclass, hlock->trylock,
+ hlock_class(hlock)->subclass, hlock->trylock,
hlock->read, hlock->check, hlock->hardirqs_off,
hlock->acquire_ip))
return 0;
@@ -2804,7 +2821,7 @@ static int lock_release_nested(struct ta

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCKDEP
hlock->prev_chain_key = 0;
- hlock->class = NULL;
+ hlock_class(hlock) = NULL;
hlock->acquire_ip = 0;
hlock->irq_context = 0;
#endif
@@ -3000,9 +3017,9 @@ __lock_contended(struct lockdep_map *loc
found_it:
hlock->waittime_stamp = sched_clock();

- point = lock_contention_point(hlock->class, ip);
+ point = lock_contention_point(hlock_class(hlock), ip);

- stats = get_lock_stats(hlock->class);
+ stats = get_lock_stats(hlock_class(hlock));
if (point < ARRAY_SIZE(stats->contention_point))
stats->contention_point[i]++;
if (lock->cpu != smp_processor_id())
@@ -3048,7 +3065,7 @@ found_it:
hlock->holdtime_stamp = now;
}

- stats = get_lock_stats(hlock->class);
+ stats = get_lock_stats(hlock_class(hlock));
if (waittime) {
if (hlock->read)
lock_time_inc(&stats->read_waittime, waittime);
Index: linux-2.6/kernel/lockdep_internals.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/kernel/lockdep_internals.h
+++ linux-2.6/kernel/lockdep_internals.h
@@ -17,9 +17,6 @@
*/
#define MAX_LOCKDEP_ENTRIES 8192UL

-#define MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS_BITS 11
-#define MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS (1UL << MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS_BITS)
-
#define MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAINS_BITS 14
#define MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAINS (1UL << MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAINS_BITS)

--



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