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SubjectRe: Frustrated with capabilities..
Quoting Pavel Machek (pavel@suse.cz):
> On Wed 2008-08-27 12:31:10, Markku Savela wrote:
> > I just want to run an exectable with limited capabilities and assumed
> > the following approach would work fine:
> >
> > 1) fork process
> > 2) in child
> >
> > 2.1 set current capabilities (eip) using cap_set_proc
> > 2.2 execve the executable.
> >
> > But it frigging does not work! Just before the execve, the result of
> > cap_to_text is
> >
> > = cap_net_bind_service+eip
> >
> > but, in the execve executable, the result is suddenly
> >
> > = cap_net_bind_service+i
> >
> > Why does the execve clear the effective and permitted capabities,
> > against my clear instructions? (I also have the prctl KEEP_CAPS set,

KEEP_CAPS prevents capability set clearing at setuid, not at exec.

> > though in this case it should be irrelevant).
> >
> > - The kernel is from ubuntu distro, 2.6.24.
> >
> > - the executable *does* *not* have any setuid/setgid bits
> >
> > - the upcoming file capabities will not be any help, because I will
> > need to start the same executable with different capabilities
> > depending on context.

They will help. The context is pI. When a file is executed, the task's
new permitted set is calculated as:

pP' = (fI&pI) | (fP & X)

So you can give /bin/foo the file capabilities:
fI=cap1,cap2,cap3
Then task 1 runs with pI=cap1, so when it executes /bin/foo it will get
pP' = cap1
Task 2 runs with pI=cap2,cap3,cap4 so when it executes /bin/foo it will
get
pP' = cap2,cap3

> Yes, you need upcoming filesystem capabilities. Binary may not
> inherit capabilities unless filesystem flags permit that.
>
> --
> (english) http://www.livejournal.com/~pavelmachek
> (cesky, pictures) http://atrey.karlin.mff.cuni.cz/~pavel/picture/horses/blog.html
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