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    SubjectRe: [Bug #11342] Linux 2.6.27-rc3: kernel BUG at mm/vmalloc.c - bisected

    Parag Warudkar wrote:
    > On Tue, Aug 26, 2008 at 8:53 PM, Greg Ungerer <> wrote:
    >> I have some simple devices (network access/routers) with 8MB of RAM,
    >> at power up not really being configured to do anything running 25
    >> processes. (Heck there is over 10 kernel processes running!). Configure
    >> some interfaces and services and that will easily push past 40.
    >> I'd be happy with a 160k saving :-)
    > So you really need to run all 25 processes on that 8Mb box?

    Yes, of course. Considerable effort has been put into running
    a minimal set of processes (that still for fills the required function
    set of this device).

    > (For reference even the NGW100 development board comes with 16Mb RAM).

    Lots of development boards are fitted with lots of RAM.

    And the pressure will still be on in _real_ products to reduce
    the RAM footprint as much as possible. There are exceptions but
    generally less is cheaper. Simple economics really.

    > Even if you do need those all 25 processes on the 8Mb box, fixing the
    > memory usage of those user space hogs is lot better than trying to
    > save 160Kb in kernel stacks.

    Yep, been done too. You don't squeeze a lot into these smaller
    devices without looking at everything in it.

    > Last I looked, user space wasn't particularly frugal with memory usage.

    Then you haven't looked in the right places :-)

    There are plenty of choices for making things small in user space.
    Simple stuff like using uClibc, busybox, etc.

    In this specific example things like /bin/init is 10k, /bin/inetd
    is 10k, /bin/crond is 11k, etc. (Ofcourse it is a shared uClibc setup,
    uClibc is ~300k). And XIP can help out here too.


    Greg Ungerer -- Chief Software Dude EMAIL:
    Secure Computing Corporation PHONE: +61 7 3435 2888
    825 Stanley St, FAX: +61 7 3891 3630
    Woolloongabba, QLD, 4102, Australia WEB:

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