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Subject[PATCH 09/09] block: implement CONFIG_DEBUG_BLOCK_EXT_DEVT
Date
Extended devt introduces non-contiguos device numbers.  This patch
implements a debug option which forces most devt allocations to be
from the extended area and spreads them out. This is enabled by
default if DEBUG_KERNEL is set and achieves...

1. Detects code paths in kernel or userland which expect predetermined
consecutive device numbers.

2. When something goes wrong, avoid corruption as adding to the minor
of earlier partition won't lead to the wrong but valid device.

Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
---
block/genhd.c | 38 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
drivers/ide/ide-disk.c | 6 ++++++
drivers/scsi/sd.c | 6 ++++++
lib/Kconfig.debug | 16 ++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 63 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/genhd.c b/block/genhd.c
index 93ebc6c..dbfae29 100644
--- a/block/genhd.c
+++ b/block/genhd.c
@@ -299,6 +299,38 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_blkdev);
static struct kobj_map *bdev_map;

/**
+ * blk_mangle_minor - scatter minor numbers apart
+ * @minor: minor number to mangle
+ *
+ * Scatter consecutively allocated @minor number apart if MANGLE_DEVT
+ * is enabled. Mangling twice gives the original value.
+ *
+ * RETURNS:
+ * Mangled value.
+ *
+ * CONTEXT:
+ * Don't care.
+ */
+static int blk_mangle_minor(int minor)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_BLOCK_EXT_DEVT
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < MINORBITS / 2; i++) {
+ int low = minor & (1 << i);
+ int high = minor & (1 << (MINORBITS - 1 - i));
+ int distance = MINORBITS - 1 - 2 * i;
+
+ minor ^= low | high; /* clear both bits */
+ low <<= distance; /* swap the positions */
+ high >>= distance;
+ minor |= low | high; /* and set */
+ }
+#endif
+ return minor;
+}
+
+/**
* blk_alloc_devt - allocate a dev_t for a partition
* @part: partition to allocate dev_t for
* @gfp_mask: memory allocation flag
@@ -339,7 +371,7 @@ int blk_alloc_devt(struct hd_struct *part, dev_t *devt)
return -EBUSY;
}

- *devt = MKDEV(BLOCK_EXT_MAJOR, idx);
+ *devt = MKDEV(BLOCK_EXT_MAJOR, blk_mangle_minor(idx));
return 0;
}

@@ -361,7 +393,7 @@ void blk_free_devt(dev_t devt)

if (MAJOR(devt) == BLOCK_EXT_MAJOR) {
mutex_lock(&ext_devt_mutex);
- idr_remove(&ext_devt_idr, MINOR(devt));
+ idr_remove(&ext_devt_idr, blk_mangle_minor(MINOR(devt)));
mutex_unlock(&ext_devt_mutex);
}
}
@@ -475,7 +507,7 @@ struct gendisk *get_gendisk(dev_t devt, int *partno)
struct hd_struct *part;

mutex_lock(&ext_devt_mutex);
- part = idr_find(&ext_devt_idr, MINOR(devt));
+ part = idr_find(&ext_devt_idr, blk_mangle_minor(MINOR(devt)));
if (part && get_disk(part_to_disk(part))) {
*partno = part->partno;
disk = part_to_disk(part);
diff --git a/drivers/ide/ide-disk.c b/drivers/ide/ide-disk.c
index ce24caf..b4cc1ce 100644
--- a/drivers/ide/ide-disk.c
+++ b/drivers/ide/ide-disk.c
@@ -42,7 +42,13 @@
#include <asm/div64.h>

#define IDE_DISK_PARTS (1 << PARTN_BITS)
+
+#if !defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_BLOCK_EXT_DEVT)
#define IDE_DISK_MINORS IDE_DISK_PARTS
+#else
+#define IDE_DISK_MINORS 1
+#endif
+
#define IDE_DISK_EXT_MINORS (IDE_DISK_PARTS - IDE_DISK_MINORS)

struct ide_disk_obj {
diff --git a/drivers/scsi/sd.c b/drivers/scsi/sd.c
index d1bb0e1..280d231 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/sd.c
+++ b/drivers/scsi/sd.c
@@ -87,7 +87,13 @@ MODULE_ALIAS_SCSI_DEVICE(TYPE_MOD);
MODULE_ALIAS_SCSI_DEVICE(TYPE_RBC);

#define SD_PARTS 64
+
+#if !defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_BLOCK_EXT_DEVT)
#define SD_MINORS 16
+#else
+#define SD_MINORS 1
+#endif
+
#define SD_EXT_MINORS (SD_PARTS - SD_MINORS)

static int sd_revalidate_disk(struct gendisk *);
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index 8b5a7d3..1bc3c07 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -624,6 +624,22 @@ config BACKTRACE_SELF_TEST

Say N if you are unsure.

+config DEBUG_BLOCK_EXT_DEVT
+ bool "Force extended block device numbers and spread them"
+ depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
+ depends on BLOCK
+ default y
+ help
+ Conventionally, block device numbers are allocated from
+ predetermined contiguous area. However, extended block area
+ may introduce non-contiguous block device numbers. This
+ option forces most block device numbers to be allocated from
+ the extended space and spreads them to discover kernel or
+ userland code paths which assume predetermined contiguous
+ device number allocation.
+
+ Say N if you are unsure.
+
config LKDTM
tristate "Linux Kernel Dump Test Tool Module"
depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
--
1.5.4.5


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