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Subject[patch] mm: dirty page tracking race fix

There is a race with dirty page accounting where a page may not properly
be accounted for.

clear_page_dirty_for_io() calls page_mkclean; then TestClearPageDirty.

page_mkclean walks the rmaps for that page, and for each one it cleans and
write protects the pte if it was dirty. It uses page_check_address to find the
pte. That function has a shortcut to avoid the ptl if the pte is not
present. Unfortunately, the pte can be switched to not-present then back to
present by other code while holding the page table lock -- this should not
be a signal for page_mkclean to ignore that pte, because it may be dirty.

For example, powerpc64's set_pte_at will clear a previously present pte before
setting it to the desired value. There may also be other code in core mm or
in arch which do similar things.

The consequence of the bug is loss of data integrity due to msync, and loss
of dirty page accounting accuracy. XIP's __xip_unmap could easily also be
unreliable (depending on the exact XIP locking scheme), which can lead to data
corruption.

Fix this by having an option to always take ptl to check the pte in
page_check_address.

It's possible to retain this optimization for page_referenced and
try_to_unmap.

Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
---
Index: linux-2.6/include/linux/rmap.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/linux/rmap.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/linux/rmap.h
@@ -102,7 +102,7 @@ int try_to_unmap(struct page *, int igno
* Called from mm/filemap_xip.c to unmap empty zero page
*/
pte_t *page_check_address(struct page *, struct mm_struct *,
- unsigned long, spinlock_t **);
+ unsigned long, spinlock_t **, int);

/*
* Used by swapoff to help locate where page is expected in vma.
Index: linux-2.6/mm/filemap_xip.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/mm/filemap_xip.c
+++ linux-2.6/mm/filemap_xip.c
@@ -185,7 +185,7 @@ __xip_unmap (struct address_space * mapp
address = vma->vm_start +
((pgoff - vma->vm_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT);
BUG_ON(address < vma->vm_start || address >= vma->vm_end);
- pte = page_check_address(page, mm, address, &ptl);
+ pte = page_check_address(page, mm, address, &ptl, 1);
if (pte) {
/* Nuke the page table entry. */
flush_cache_page(vma, address, pte_pfn(*pte));
Index: linux-2.6/mm/rmap.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/mm/rmap.c
+++ linux-2.6/mm/rmap.c
@@ -224,10 +224,14 @@ unsigned long page_address_in_vma(struct
/*
* Check that @page is mapped at @address into @mm.
*
+ * If @synch is false, page_check_address may perform a racy check to avoid
+ * the page table lock when the pte is not present (helpful when reclaiming
+ * highly shared pages).
+ *
* On success returns with pte mapped and locked.
*/
pte_t *page_check_address(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm,
- unsigned long address, spinlock_t **ptlp)
+ unsigned long address, spinlock_t **ptlp, int synch)
{
pgd_t *pgd;
pud_t *pud;
@@ -249,7 +253,7 @@ pte_t *page_check_address(struct page *p

pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, address);
/* Make a quick check before getting the lock */
- if (!pte_present(*pte)) {
+ if (!synch && !pte_present(*pte)) {
pte_unmap(pte);
return NULL;
}
@@ -281,7 +285,7 @@ static int page_referenced_one(struct pa
if (address == -EFAULT)
goto out;

- pte = page_check_address(page, mm, address, &ptl);
+ pte = page_check_address(page, mm, address, &ptl, 0);
if (!pte)
goto out;

@@ -450,7 +454,7 @@ static int page_mkclean_one(struct page
if (address == -EFAULT)
goto out;

- pte = page_check_address(page, mm, address, &ptl);
+ pte = page_check_address(page, mm, address, &ptl, 1);
if (!pte)
goto out;

@@ -697,7 +701,7 @@ static int try_to_unmap_one(struct page
if (address == -EFAULT)
goto out;

- pte = page_check_address(page, mm, address, &ptl);
+ pte = page_check_address(page, mm, address, &ptl, 0);
if (!pte)
goto out;


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