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SubjectRe: V4L2: switch to register_chrdev_region: needs testing/review of release() handling
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On Sunday 17 August 2008 23:29:02 Hans de Goede wrote:
> Hans Verkuil wrote:
> >> Anyways I've reviewed your patch and in general I like it, I only
> >> see one problem:
> >>
> >> @@ -99,7 +130,8 @@ static void video_release(struct device
> >> {
> >> struct video_device *vfd = container_of(cd, struct video_device,
> >> dev); -#if 1 /* keep */
> >> + return;
> >> +#if 1 /* keep */
> >> /* needed until all drivers are fixed */
> >> if (!vfd->release)
> >> return;
> >> @@ -107,6 +139,7 @@ static void video_release(struct device
> >> vfd->release(vfd);
> >> }
> >> +
> >> static struct class video_class = {
> >> .name = VIDEO_NAME,
> >> #if LINUX_VERSION_CODE < KERNEL_VERSION(2, 6, 19)
> >>
> >>
> >> Here you basicly make the release callback of the video class
> >> device a no-op. First of all I think it would be better to just
> >> delete it then to add a return, which sort of hides its an empty
> >> function now.
> >
> > I thought so as well, but without a release function the low-level
> > class code in the kernel starts complaining about the missing
> > release.
>
> I wasn't clear with delete I only meant the body.
>
> >> More importantly, its wrong to make this a no-op. When a driver
> >> unregisters a v4l device, and all cdev usage has stopped there can
> >> still be open references to sysfs files of the video class device,
> >> but in this case currently the video_unregister_device call will
> >> lead to the vfd->release callback getting called freeing the vfd
> >> struct, which contains the class device.
> >
> > You might have gotten confused here: video_release() didn't call
> > the main release callback: there was a return in front. I'd
> > forgotten to remove that test code.
>
> I'm not talking about video_release, I'm talking about the following
> call chain: video_device_unregister
> cdev_del
> kobj_put
> v4l2_chardev_release
> vfd->release
>
> Which could happen in your old version (before the cdev_del was
> moved) even when a class device sysfs file was still open, and thus
> sysfs read / write callbacks which may use the (now released) vfd
> could still be made after the release.
>
> > I've also tested what happens when you keep a sysfs file open: it
> > seems to work OK in that video_release is called even though the
> > sysfs file is still open.
>
> That should not happen, if a process holds a sysfs file open the
> release callback for the device which owns the sysfs file should not
> get called, are you sure this is happening, if the device then does a
> read / write on this file mayhem could happen, or does the kernel
> catch this now a days and just returns -ENODEV?

I have a simple test prog that opens a file and then just sleeps. I did
that with some of the sysfs attribute files,
e.g.: /sys/class/video4linux/video0/name. The video_release is called
even though I have the file still open. And reading from it after
video_release was called results in EOF, which is correct.

I think my first version was probably OK, but perhaps more through luck
than wisdom. Moving the cdev_del call definitely feels a lot safer.

Regards,

Hans

>
> > That said, I've moved the cdev_del call from
> > video_unregister_device() to the video_release() function. It makes
> > sense not to delete the char device until that callback is called.
>
> Yes, that will fix the problem I was trying to describe too.
>
> > This patch is here:
> > http://linuxtv.org/hg/~hverkuil/v4l-dvb-cdev2/rev/575997018499
> >
> >> I believe the way to fix this is todo a get on the kobj contained
> >> in the cdev in video_register_device before registering the class
> >> device, and then in the class device release callback do a put on
> >> this kobj.
> >
> > There is no need to do an additional get: cdev_init does that
> > already, so the char dev stays alive at least until the cdev_del
> > (longer if apps still keep it open).
>
> Well since the code was registering a class device which shared the
> same in memory struct, we needed an additional put on the cdev kobj,
> as once the refcount for that got to 0 the entire vfd struct
> including the class device would get released.
>
> But now that you've moved the cdev_del this is moot, as now the
> ref_count won't reach zero until all users of the class device are
> done with it.
>
> > I would be very curious to hear how well it works with the gspca
> > driver. In particular if you can indeed reconnect while an
> > application still has a char device open from before the
> > disconnect. Currently the gspca own locking seems to disallow that
> > (the new device doesn't appear until all applications stopped using
> > the old one).
>
> This is on my todo, but not very high atm.
>
> Regards,
>
> Hans




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