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Subject[PATCH]lockd: fix handling of grace period after long periods of inactivity
lockd uses time_before() to determine whether the grace period has
expired. This would seem to be enough to avoid timer wrap-around issues,
but, unfortunately, that is not the case. The time_* family of
comparison functions can be safely used to compare jiffies relatively
close in time, but they stop working after approximately LONG_MAX/2
ticks. nfsd can suffer this problem because the time_before() comparison
in lockd() is not performed until the first request comes in, which
means that if there is no lockd traffic for more than LONG_MAX/2 ticks
we are screwed.

The implication of this is that once time_before() starts misbehaving
any attempt from a NFS client to execute fcntl() will be received with a
NLM_LCK_DENIED_GRACE_PERIOD message for 25 days (assuming HZ=1000). In
other words, the 50 seconds grace period could turn into a grace period
of 50 days or more.

This patch corrects this behavior by implementing grace period with a
(retriggerable) timer.

Note: This bug was analyzed independently by Oda-san <>
and myself.

Signed-off-by: Nakano Hiroaki <>

diff -Nrup linux-2.6.27-rc3/fs/lockd/svc.c b/fs/lockd/svc.c
--- linux-2.6.27-rc3/fs/lockd/svc.c 2008-08-14 16:54:24.000000000 +0900
+++ b/fs/lockd/svc.c 2008-08-14 17:04:15.000000000 +0900
@@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ static struct task_struct *nlmsvc_task;
static struct svc_rqst *nlmsvc_rqst;
int nlmsvc_grace_period;
unsigned long nlmsvc_timeout;
+static struct timer_list nlm_period_timer;

* These can be set at insmod time (useful for NFS as root filesystem),
@@ -141,6 +142,12 @@ lockd(void *vrqstp)

grace_period_expire = set_grace_period();

+ init_timer(&nlm_period_timer);
+ nlm_period_timer.function = clear_grace_period;
+ nlm_period_timer.expires = grace_period_expire;
+ add_timer(&nlm_period_timer);
* The main request loop. We don't terminate until the last
* NFS mount or NFS daemon has gone away.
@@ -154,6 +161,7 @@ lockd(void *vrqstp)
if (nlmsvc_ops) {
grace_period_expire = set_grace_period();
+ mod_timer(&nlm_period_timer, grace_period_expire);
@@ -164,10 +172,8 @@ lockd(void *vrqstp)
* (Theoretically, there shouldn't even be blocked locks
* during grace period).
- if (!nlmsvc_grace_period) {
+ if (!nlmsvc_grace_period)
timeout = nlmsvc_retry_blocked();
- } else if (time_before(grace_period_expire, jiffies))
- clear_grace_period();

* Find a socket with data available and call its
@@ -195,6 +201,7 @@ lockd(void *vrqstp)
+ del_timer(&nlm_period_timer);
if (nlmsvc_ops)
(NAKANO, Hiroaki) <>

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