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Subject[PATCH 19/23] tracehook: asm/syscall.h
Date
This adds asm-generic/syscall.h, which documents what a real
asm-ARCH/syscall.h file should define. This is not used yet,
but will provide all the machine-dependent details of examining
a user system call about to begin, in progress, or just ended.

Each arch should add an asm-ARCH/syscall.h that defines all the
entry points documented in asm-generic/syscall.h, as short inlines
if possible. This lets us write new tracing code that understands
user system call registers, without any new arch-specific work.

Signed-off-by: Roland McGrath <roland@redhat.com>
---
include/asm-generic/syscall.h | 141 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/tracehook.h | 3 +-
2 files changed, 143 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/syscall.h b/include/asm-generic/syscall.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..abcf34c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/asm-generic/syscall.h
@@ -0,0 +1,141 @@
+/*
+ * Access to user system call parameters and results
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2008 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This copyrighted material is made available to anyone wishing to use,
+ * modify, copy, or redistribute it subject to the terms and conditions
+ * of the GNU General Public License v.2.
+ *
+ * This file is a stub providing documentation for what functions
+ * asm-ARCH/syscall.h files need to define. Most arch definitions
+ * will be simple inlines.
+ *
+ * All of these functions expect to be called with no locks,
+ * and only when the caller is sure that the task of interest
+ * cannot return to user mode while we are looking at it.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_SYSCALL_H
+#define _ASM_SYSCALL_H 1
+
+struct task_struct;
+struct pt_regs;
+
+/**
+ * syscall_get_nr - find what system call a task is executing
+ * @task: task of interest, must be blocked
+ * @regs: task_pt_regs() of @task
+ *
+ * If @task is executing a system call or is at system call
+ * tracing about to attempt one, returns the system call number.
+ * If @task is not executing a system call, i.e. it's blocked
+ * inside the kernel for a fault or signal, returns -1.
+ *
+ * It's only valid to call this when @task is known to be blocked.
+ */
+long syscall_get_nr(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs);
+
+/**
+ * syscall_rollback - roll back registers after an aborted system call
+ * @task: task of interest, must be in system call exit tracing
+ * @regs: task_pt_regs() of @task
+ *
+ * It's only valid to call this when @task is stopped for system
+ * call exit tracing (due to TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE or TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT),
+ * after tracehook_report_syscall_entry() returned nonzero to prevent
+ * the system call from taking place.
+ *
+ * This rolls back the register state in @regs so it's as if the
+ * system call instruction was a no-op. The registers containing
+ * the system call number and arguments are as they were before the
+ * system call instruction. This may not be the same as what the
+ * register state looked like at system call entry tracing.
+ */
+void syscall_rollback(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs);
+
+/**
+ * syscall_get_error - check result of traced system call
+ * @task: task of interest, must be blocked
+ * @regs: task_pt_regs() of @task
+ *
+ * Returns 0 if the system call succeeded, or -ERRORCODE if it failed.
+ *
+ * It's only valid to call this when @task is stopped for tracing on exit
+ * from a system call, due to %TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE or %TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT.
+ */
+long syscall_get_error(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs);
+
+/**
+ * syscall_get_return_value - get the return value of a traced system call
+ * @task: task of interest, must be blocked
+ * @regs: task_pt_regs() of @task
+ *
+ * Returns the return value of the successful system call.
+ * This value is meaningless if syscall_get_error() returned nonzero.
+ *
+ * It's only valid to call this when @task is stopped for tracing on exit
+ * from a system call, due to %TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE or %TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT.
+ */
+long syscall_get_return_value(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs);
+
+/**
+ * syscall_set_return_value - change the return value of a traced system call
+ * @task: task of interest, must be blocked
+ * @regs: task_pt_regs() of @task
+ * @error: negative error code, or zero to indicate success
+ * @val: user return value if @error is zero
+ *
+ * This changes the results of the system call that user mode will see.
+ * If @error is zero, the user sees a successful system call with a
+ * return value of @val. If @error is nonzero, it's a negated errno
+ * code; the user sees a failed system call with this errno code.
+ *
+ * It's only valid to call this when @task is stopped for tracing on exit
+ * from a system call, due to %TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE or %TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT.
+ */
+void syscall_set_return_value(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs,
+ int error, long val);
+
+/**
+ * syscall_get_arguments - extract system call parameter values
+ * @task: task of interest, must be blocked
+ * @regs: task_pt_regs() of @task
+ * @i: argument index [0,5]
+ * @n: number of arguments; n+i must be [1,6].
+ * @args: array filled with argument values
+ *
+ * Fetches @n arguments to the system call starting with the @i'th argument
+ * (from 0 through 5). Argument @i is stored in @args[0], and so on.
+ * An arch inline version is probably optimal when @i and @n are constants.
+ *
+ * It's only valid to call this when @task is stopped for tracing on
+ * entry to a system call, due to %TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE or %TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT.
+ * It's invalid to call this with @i + @n > 6; we only support system calls
+ * taking up to 6 arguments.
+ */
+void syscall_get_arguments(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs,
+ unsigned int i, unsigned int n, unsigned long *args);
+
+/**
+ * syscall_set_arguments - change system call parameter value
+ * @task: task of interest, must be in system call entry tracing
+ * @regs: task_pt_regs() of @task
+ * @i: argument index [0,5]
+ * @n: number of arguments; n+i must be [1,6].
+ * @args: array of argument values to store
+ *
+ * Changes @n arguments to the system call starting with the @i'th argument.
+ * @n'th argument to @val. Argument @i gets value @args[0], and so on.
+ * An arch inline version is probably optimal when @i and @n are constants.
+ *
+ * It's only valid to call this when @task is stopped for tracing on
+ * entry to a system call, due to %TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE or %TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT.
+ * It's invalid to call this with @i + @n > 6; we only support system calls
+ * taking up to 6 arguments.
+ */
+void syscall_set_arguments(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs,
+ unsigned int i, unsigned int n,
+ const unsigned long *args);
+
+#endif /* _ASM_SYSCALL_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/tracehook.h b/include/linux/tracehook.h
index 32867ab..589f429 100644
--- a/include/linux/tracehook.h
+++ b/include/linux/tracehook.h
@@ -103,7 +103,8 @@ static inline void ptrace_report_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs)
* the system call. That must prevent normal entry so no system call is
* made. If @task ever returns to user mode after this, its register state
* is unspecified, but should be something harmless like an %ENOSYS error
- * return.
+ * return. It should preserve enough information so that syscall_rollback()
+ * can work (see asm-generic/syscall.h).
*
* Called without locks, just after entering kernel mode.
*/

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