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SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/4, v14] PCI, ACPI: Physical PCI slot objects
Alex Chiang wrote:
> Hi Jesse, Ben, Kenji-san,
> This is v14 of the physical PCI slot series.
> This patchset has been kicking around -mm for the past few
> months, and they were getting clobbered on a continual basis, so
> let's say I'm quite motivated to get them into mainline. ;)
> This mail describes two things:
> - an update for handling pSeries
> - explanation of how I did not regress Kenji-san's latest
> changes
> Review comments are much appreciated.
> -----------------------
> pSeries-related changes
> -----------------------
> The most recent outstanding issue with this series was breakage
> with pSeries. In a nutshell, the problem was:
> - pci_hp_register() interface changed to require a devfn
> when registering a slot
> - pSeries doesn't necessarily know the devfn of an
> unpopulated slot
> There are more details, of course, and they are in the archives.
> I can dig them up if people want more context.
> After working offline with BenH and Willy, we thought that the
> best way forward was for the new infrastructure to provide a new
> API, pci_update_slot_number(), which can be used by callers to
> modify the slot number after slot creation.
> This change goes hand in hand with modifying the semantics of
> pci_hp_register() where callers are now allowed to pass -1 for
> slot_nr to create a 'placeholder' slot.
> The third related change is that the infrastructure will only
> display an 'address' value of 'dddd:bb' (domain:bus) when the
> device is -1. In the normal case, the full address of dddd:bb:dd
> is displayed.
> I did fold an earlier -mm fixup patch into these changes to
> improve future bisectability.
> I added kerneldoc to explain the APIs.
> -----------------------------
> maintaining Kenji-san's fixes
> -----------------------------
> Finally, this patch series slightly changes the logic introduced
> by Kenji-san's patches:
> 9e4f2e8d4ddb04ad16a3828cd9a369a5a5287009
> a86161b3134465f072d965ca7508ec9c1e2e52c7
> For a86161b31344, the check against registering a slot with the
> same name multiple times is removed. That check prevents a
> scenario where multiple pcihp drivers try to claim the same slot.
> The check is removed because the new code allows multiple callers
> of pci_create_slot(). One callsite is pci_hp_register(), the
> other is in the ACPI slot detection driver provided in patch 4/4.
> In the case of multiple legitimate callers, the correct thing to
> do is refcount the struct pci_slot's kobj.
> In the case of two pcihp drivers attempting to claim the same
> slot, pci_hp_register() returns -EBUSY to indicate it has already
> been claimed. This logic has been part of the patch series from
> the beginning.
> Thus, the end behavior introduced by a86161b31344 is preserved,
> although in a slightly different implementation.
> The firmware defect that Kenji-san is trying to fix with
> 9e4f2e8d4d is the case where broken firmware will present the
> kernel with slots like bb1:dd1, name "A" and bb2:dd2, name "A".
> In other words, two different busses or two different devices on
> the same bus, but both have the same name.
> In this case, pci_create_slot() thinks they are two different
> physical slots (which is true), and tries to register them with
> the kobject core, which will then complain about registering two
> objects with the same name. -EEXIST will be returned back up
> through the pcihp core and back to pciehp, which will then printk
> the message added by 9e4f2e8d4d.
> Thus, the condition Kenji-san is trying to warn about with
> 9e4f2e8d4d is preserved.

I tried your patches and I have a comment (question) about the behavior.

To emulate the (broken?) platform that assigns the same name to multiple
slots, I made a debug patch for pciehp driver to assign same name ('1000')
to all slots (my environment has two PCIe slots). With this patch, I
noticed that the behavior or pci_hp_register() (or pci_create_slot())
varies depending on whether pci_slot driver is loaded or not. See below.

(a) With pci_slot driver loaded
I got the following error message when I loaded pciehp driver.

pciehp: pci_hp_register failed with error -17
pciehp: Failed to register slot because of name collision. Try
'pciehp_slot_with_bus' module option.
pciehp: pciehp: slot initialization failed

(b) Without pci_slot driver loaded
I got the kernel stack dump and error messages when I loaded pciehp

kobject_add_internal failed for 1000 with -EEXIST, don't try to
register things with the same name in the same directory.

Call Trace:
[<a000000100015180>] show_stack+0x40/0xa0
sp=e0000040a086fb80 bsp=e0000040a0861158
[<a000000100015210>] dump_stack+0x30/0x60
sp=e0000040a086fd50 bsp=e0000040a0861140
[<a0000001003b3910>] kobject_add_internal+0x330/0x400
sp=e0000040a086fd50 bsp=e0000040a0861100
[<a0000001003b3bd0>] kobject_add_varg+0x90/0xc0
sp=e0000040a086fd50 bsp=e0000040a08610c8
[<a0000001003b3c90>] kobject_init_and_add+0x90/0xc0
sp=e0000040a086fd50 bsp=e0000040a0861068
[<a0000001003d69b0>] pci_create_slot+0x150/0x260
sp=e0000040a086fd80 bsp=e0000040a0861030
[<a000000200b71870>] pci_hp_register+0x130/0x880 [pci_hotplug]
sp=e0000040a086fd80 bsp=e0000040a0860ff0
[<a000000200ec1a60>] pciehp_probe+0x720/0xca0 [pciehp]


Unable to register kobject 1000
pciehp: pci_hp_register failed with error -17
pciehp: Failed to register slot because of name collision. Try
'pciehp_slot_with_bus' module option.
pciehp: pciehp: slot initialization failed

Could you tell me why that difference happen? And my expectation is
the result should be (a) above regardless of whether pci_slot driver
is loaded or not.

Kenji Kaneshige

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