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SubjectRe: [10 PATCHES] inline functions to avoid stack overflow
On Wed, 25 Jun 2008, Helge Hafting wrote:

> Mikulas Patocka wrote:
>> Hi
>>
>> Here I'm sending 10 patches to inline various functions.
>>
>> To give you some understanding of sparc64, every function there uses big
>> stack frame (at least 192 bytes). 128 bytes are required by architecture
>> (16 64-bit registers), 48 bytes are there due to mistake of Sparc64 ABI
>> designers (calling function has to allocate 48 bytes for called function)
>> and 16 bytes are some dubious padding.
> I guess there is no way around those 128 bytes required by hardware - but
> is it necessary to allocate the 48 bytes of "mistake" and the dubious
> padding?
>
> Linux kernel functions don't call any outside functions, and are not called
> from
> outside either. So violating the ABI should be ok - there is nothing else to
> be compatible to. Similiar to how x86 experimented with --mregparm to get
> a little more performance from changing the kernel calling convention.
> Helge Hafting

So, ask gcc developers to do kernel-specific ABI with only 128-byte stack
frame.

BTW. could some gcc developer explain the reason for additional 16-bytes
on stack on sparc64? 64-bit ABI mandates 176 bytes, but gcc allocates 192
bytes.

Even worse, gcc doesn't use these additional bytes. If you try this:

extern void f(int *i);
void g()
{
int a;
f(&a);
}
, it allocates additional 16 bytes for the variable "a" (so there's total
208 bytes), even though it could place the variable into 48-byte
ABI-mandated area that it inherited from the caller or into it's own
16-byte padding that it made when calling "f".

Mikulas


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