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SubjectRe: math-emu issue with fp divide
From: Kumar Gala <>
Date: Thu, 5 Jun 2008 08:38:44 -0500 (CDT)

> Now that I'm digging into this a bit I'm thinking my issue has to do with
> the fix you put in place from back in Aug 2007 (commit
> 405849610fd96b4f34cd1875c4c033228fea6c0f):
> [MATH-EMU]: Fix underflow exception reporting.
> 2) we ended up rounding back up to normal (this is the case where
> we set the exponent to 1 and set the fraction to zero), this
> should set inexact too
> ...
> Another example, "0x0.0000000000001p-1022 / 16.0", should signal both
> inexact and underflow. The cpu implementations and ieee1754
> literature is very clear about this. This is case #2 above.
> I'm not clear from your commit comment on what actual number
> 0x0.0....01p-1022 is?

I haven't been able to look closely at this yet but I think I
happened to stumble over the test case that lead me to that
changeset you are referencing here.

The "actual number" is exactly as listed "0x0.0000000000001p-1022",
I don't know what's so confusing about it :-)))

I think this was distilled by Jakub Jelinek from some glibc test case.

#include <float.h>
#include <fenv.h>
#include <stdio.h>

volatile double d = DBL_MIN;
volatile double e = 0x0.0000000000001p-1022;
volatile double f = 16.0;
main (void)
printf ("%x\n", fetestexcept (FE_UNDERFLOW));
d /= f;
printf ("%x\n", fetestexcept (FE_UNDERFLOW));
e /= f;
printf ("%x\n", fetestexcept (FE_UNDERFLOW));
return 0;

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