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SubjectRe: Linux-next Alsa hda_intel events/0 high CPU usage, bisected
At Mon, 9 Jun 2008 15:09:33 -0700 (PDT),
Benjamin Kidwell wrote:
>
> --- Takashi Iwai <> wrote:
> >Here is the patch to do another trick.
> >The driver tries to delay the IRQ timing in one sample so that the DMA
> >pointer returns the proper position.
>
> I refer to the above patch as "patch #2" in discussing the tests below.
>
> >Could you check the patch below in addition? It's against my latest
> >git tree and should be applicable as is to linux-next (since it merges
> >from my tree), too.
> >This will show some latency time in the kernel messages. If the
> >average latency is about 20 or 30us, this is almost in the expected
> >range. Occasional high latencies should be the result of
> >cond_resched(), so it can be ignored.
>
> Thanks very much for your time. Both patches applied to next-20080606. Patch
> #2 to delay IRQ had 20/21 line offsets in hunks 4,5, and 6. I built kernels
> with patch #1 only and with both patch #1 and #2. With reporting only (#1)
> patch:
> [ 28.897483] hda-intel: Invalid position buffer, using LPIB read method
> instead.
> [ 28.900819] XXX hda: max_delay=4535702 ns
> [ 29.344196] XXX hda: avg_delay=940 us
> [ 37.787584] XXX hda: max_delay=730886 ns
> [ 38.008854] XXX hda: max_delay=733118 ns
> [ 38.799034] XXX hda: max_delay=734487 ns
> [ 38.849953] XXX hda: avg_delay=721 us
> [ 38.958973] XXX hda: max_delay=728287 ns
> [ 40.269209] XXX hda: max_delay=2020331 ns
> [ 40.840784] XXX hda: max_delay=6639814 ns
> [ 46.543949] XXX hda: max_delay=8514464 ns
> [ 47.660992] XXX hda: avg_delay=905 us
> [ 55.677483] XXX hda: max_delay=721319 ns
> [ 55.701527] XXX hda: max_delay=722752 ns
> [ 56.515656] XXX hda: max_delay=724277 ns
> [ 56.762500] XXX hda: max_delay=729125 ns
> [ 58.147477] XXX hda: max_delay=3541590 ns
> [ 61.185499] XXX hda: max_delay=5094055 ns
> [ 68.174152] XXX hda: max_delay=7323778 ns
> [ 190.467470] XXX hda: max_delay=7446118 ns
> [ 205.747463] XXX hda: max_delay=8168689 ns
> [ 206.240797] XXX hda: max_delay=8587483 ns
> [ 252.643947] XXX hda: max_delay=9425211 ns
>
> With BOTH patches applied:
> [ 29.988316] hda-intel: Invalid position buffer, using LPIB read method
> instead.
> [ 29.991655] XXX hda: max_delay=4357840 ns
> [ 30.435030] XXX hda: avg_delay=603 us
> [ 36.211751] XXX hda: max_delay=374595 ns
> [ 36.534235] XXX hda: max_delay=1521772 ns
> [ 37.278175] XXX hda: avg_delay=404 us
> [ 37.384060] XXX hda: max_delay=366048 ns
> [ 37.408317] XXX hda: max_delay=372760 ns
> [ 37.583300] XXX hda: max_delay=2233243 ns
> [ 39.310484] XXX hda: max_delay=2369779 ns
> [ 39.367269] XXX hda: max_delay=9307321 ns
> [ 46.185005] XXX hda: avg_delay=502 us
> [ 66.041615] XXX hda: max_delay=367668 ns
> [ 66.065345] XXX hda: max_delay=372093 ns
> [ 67.521437] XXX hda: max_delay=373733 ns
> [ 68.656740] XXX hda: max_delay=373915 ns
> [ 71.574977] XXX hda: max_delay=4827092 ns
> [ 107.734975] XXX hda: max_delay=6589856 ns
> [ 111.288309] XXX hda: max_delay=6715648 ns
> [ 151.121642] XXX hda: max_delay=7695259 ns
> [ 220.478297] XXX hda: max_delay=9907063 ns

Thanks for testing!

All the results show that the default bdl_pos_adj value is obviously
too small. As default it's 1, corresponding to 22 us. Judging from
avg_delay, bdl_pos_adj=32 could work better in your case.

Try to run

# echo 32 > /sys/modules/snd_hda_intel/parameters/bdl_pos_adj
and test again.

> With both patches in place, CPU% reported by ps for events/0 during sound
> playback is substantially reduced. ps reports consistent 0.6% cpu instead of
> 2-3% or more. I notice that the avg_delay report is much higher than the
> 20-30us you say is the expected range. It is lower with the second patch
> applied, but still large.

This reflects how often inaccurate IRQs are issued and/or inaccurate
DMA positions are reported. With the second patch, bdl_pos_adj
addition, the timing is forced to be slightly delayed and thus reduces
the busy loop. Maybe this delay covered some IRQs that were triggered
almost at the right time.


> Additional experimentation with various .config options had also shown that
> options such as CONFIG_HZ also affect the reported CPU% and TIME from
> events/0. Here's output from a kernel with both new patches applied and
> configued with HZ=1000, and PREEMPT_RCU=y instead of 300 and
> PREEMPT_VOLUNTARY.
>
> [ 29.550748] hda-intel: Invalid position buffer, using LPIB read method
> instead.
> [ 29.553750] XXX hda: max_delay=3314411 ns
> [ 29.998764] XXX hda: avg_delay=519 us
> [ 31.406760] eth0: no IPv6 routers present
> [ 35.297443] XXX hda: max_delay=375157 ns
> [ 36.355211] XXX hda: avg_delay=147 us
> [ 36.595685] XXX hda: max_delay=367326 ns
> [ 36.620318] XXX hda: max_delay=373443 ns
> [ 37.041228] XXX hda: max_delay=1481064 ns
> [ 37.364519] XXX hda: max_delay=3983313 ns
> [ 41.265473] XXX hda: max_delay=5290882 ns
> [ 45.309086] XXX hda: avg_delay=437 us
> [ 80.042739] XXX hda: max_delay=367816 ns
> [ 80.067627] XXX hda: max_delay=370010 ns
> [ 80.955786] XXX hda: max_delay=389501 ns
> [ 82.881726] XXX hda: max_delay=1042298 ns
> [ 95.345744] XXX hda: max_delay=1144114 ns
> [ 95.397576] XXX hda: max_delay=3741325 ns
> [ 104.039739] XXX hda: max_delay=6832958 ns
> [ 137.435750] XXX hda: max_delay=9916982 ns
>
> With this higher timer frequency and patch #2, ps reports avg. 1.2% events/0
> usage vs. 2.3% with reporting patch #1 only. Here are timings from the same
> .config but with only patch #1 (reporting) applied:
>
> [ 29.782022] hda-intel: Invalid position buffer, using LPIB read method
> instead.
> [ 29.782708] XXX hda: max_delay=578709 ns
> [ 29.804012] XXX hda: max_delay=667540 ns
> [ 29.825934] XXX hda: max_delay=672530 ns
> [ 29.847229] XXX hda: max_delay=727943 ns
> [ 29.890260] XXX hda: max_delay=987514 ns
> [ 30.231269] XXX hda: avg_delay=677 us
> [ 30.254334] eth0: no IPv6 routers present
> [ 35.129783] XXX hda: max_delay=725808 ns
> [ 35.205719] XXX hda: max_delay=2394065 ns
> [ 36.181885] XXX hda: avg_delay=787 us
> [ 36.191131] XXX hda: max_delay=719683 ns
> [ 36.215970] XXX hda: max_delay=725257 ns
> [ 36.487256] XXX hda: max_delay=725928 ns
> [ 36.734025] XXX hda: max_delay=726886 ns
> [ 36.758713] XXX hda: max_delay=728874 ns
> [ 37.257252] XXX hda: max_delay=5298044 ns
> [ 43.330254] XXX hda: max_delay=6694653 ns
> [ 44.392286] XXX hda: max_delay=7673067 ns
> [ 44.892458] XXX hda: avg_delay=849 us
> [ 70.744252] XXX hda: max_delay=721293 ns
> [ 70.769134] XXX hda: max_delay=724172 ns
> [ 71.262857] XXX hda: max_delay=726017 ns
> [ 71.459987] XXX hda: max_delay=726454 ns
> [ 71.657588] XXX hda: max_delay=729122 ns
> [ 72.002882] XXX hda: max_delay=732543 ns
> [ 78.322253] XXX hda: max_delay=948022 ns
> [ 81.901253] XXX hda: max_delay=1121037 ns
> [ 81.951748] XXX hda: max_delay=2948531 ns
> [ 85.387252] XXX hda: max_delay=7308180 ns
> [ 101.678225] XXX hda: max_delay=8139181 ns
> [ 190.655620] XXX hda: max_delay=8721454 ns
> [ 315.991170] XXX hda: max_delay=10913594 ns
> [ 438.610252] XXX hda: max_delay=11273250 ns
>
> SUMMARY: the IRQ timing delay change patch (#2) produces improvement in all
> test cases, reducing the avg_delay and events/0 CPU%. The avg_delay is still
> outside expected values, but perhaps this is the best possible result given
> the bugginess of the hardware. Audio quality and system performance are very
> good in all tests.

As mentioned in previous mails, you can ignore higher numbers in
general. This is a result of cond_resched() in the loop.
Better to concentrate on avg_delay (although it also counts these high
numbers and cannot be so accurate).

(BTW, please add me to Cc at the next time (or make lkml Cc) as other
people do. Otherwise it's hard to find your reply and follow up.)


thanks,

Takashi


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