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SubjectRe: [PATCH, RFC] Earlier I2C initialization
Jean Delvare wrote:
> On Tue, 10 Jun 2008 09:27:34 +1200, Ryan Mallon wrote:
>> David Brownell wrote:
>>> On Monday 09 June 2008, Ryan Mallon wrote:
>>>>> Talk to i2c and framebuffer people about changing the link order.
>>>>> i2c should really be initialised before framebuffer devices because
>>>>> framebuffer devices tend to want to read DDC from monitors, which is
>>>>> basically a I2C EEPROM in the monitor.
> This is already the case. i2c-core is initialized with
> subsys_initcall(), so it's available to all drivers initialized with
> module_init().
>>>>> ... but there's probably some reason why it's done the way it is today,
>>>>> and changing it could well cause stuff to break.
>>>> We have made i2c the first driver subsystem to come up in our 2.6.20
>>>> kernel since we use i2c io expanders for power domain control. All we
>>>> did was change drivers/Makefile so that obj-$(CONFIG_I2C) += i2c/ is at
>>>> the very top of the file. We didn't have any problems with doing this.
>>>> YMMV of course.
> Why don't you simply initialize the drivers in question with
> subsys_initcall()? That's what i2c-pnx, i2c-omap, i2c-davinci and
> tps65010 are doing at the moment.
How does this work for embedded devices where the same architecture is
used in many different configurations? For example, we have a PXA270
setup where we need i2c early, but many other PXA setups do not, so
making i2c-pxa subsys_initcall to support a single board is maybe the
wrong way to go?

>>> OMAP does much the same thing, for the same reason, and the I2C
>>> adapter gets initialized earlier too (so power management chips
>>> will be fully usable before driver_initcall code runs).
>>> Unless there's a downside on x86, I'd just suggest someone submit
>>> a patch moving I2C init "early" so it merges in 2.6.27 ... cc to
>>> LKML to scare out more potential problems, but I have a hard time
>>> imagining there'd really be any.
>> Okay, heres the patch. Is untested though (other than our experience
>> under 2.6.20), so it probably needs some people to test. I'm not
>> subscribed to LKML, so can people CC me if necessary.
>> Signed-off-by: Ryan Mallon <>
>> diff --git a/drivers/Makefile b/drivers/Makefile
>> index f65deda..9eaf236 100644
>> --- a/drivers/Makefile
>> +++ b/drivers/Makefile
>> @@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
>> # Rewritten to use lists instead of if-statements.
>> #
>> +obj-y += i2c/
>> obj-$(CONFIG_HAVE_GPIO_LIB) += gpio/
> Some i2c bus drivers bit-bang GPIO pins...
>> obj-$(CONFIG_PCI) += pci/
> ... and many are PCI devices, so will this work OK?
Probably not :-). I didn't have hardware to test, it was just easy
to put together the patch. I figured a change like this would
require extensive testing anyway, since it is bound to break
some obscure setup at least.

I still think that possibly a better solution is to allow the link
order for the driver subsystems to be configured somehow. At least
for the embedded space this is useful if a particular board has
some dependency on i2c, spi or some other subsystem being available
early on, then it can be configured on a per board basis, rather
than per arch, or per driver.

I'm not sure how to accomplish this though, I don't think Kconfig
lends it self to this sort of thing very well, and I don't
understand the kernel build process well enough to attempt it


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