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Subject[PATCH 3/3] ia64: Call migration code on correctable errors v3
Migrate data off pages with correctable memory errors.  This patch is the 
ia64 specific piece. It connects the CPE handler to the page migration
code. It is implemented as a kernel loadable module, similar to the mca
recovery code (mca_recovery.ko). This allows the feature to be turned off
by uninstalling the module.

It exports three symbols (migrate_prep, isolate_lru_page, and migrate_pages).

Signed-off-by: Russ Anderson <rja@sgi.com>

---
arch/ia64/Kconfig | 3
arch/ia64/kernel/Makefile | 1
arch/ia64/kernel/cpe_migrate.c | 424 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/ia64/kernel/mca.c | 34 +++
include/asm-ia64/mca.h | 6
include/asm-ia64/page.h | 1
mm/migrate.c | 4
mm/page_alloc.c | 1
8 files changed, 473 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

Index: linus/arch/ia64/kernel/Makefile
===================================================================
--- linus.orig/arch/ia64/kernel/Makefile 2008-05-09 09:50:58.375235159 -0500
+++ linus/arch/ia64/kernel/Makefile 2008-05-09 09:51:23.118313613 -0500
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PERFMON) += perfmon_defaul
obj-$(CONFIG_IA64_CYCLONE) += cyclone.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_FREQ) += cpufreq/
obj-$(CONFIG_IA64_MCA_RECOVERY) += mca_recovery.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_IA64_CPE_MIGRATE) += cpe_migrate.o
obj-$(CONFIG_KPROBES) += kprobes.o jprobes.o
obj-$(CONFIG_KEXEC) += machine_kexec.o relocate_kernel.o crash.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP) += crash_dump.o
Index: linus/arch/ia64/kernel/cpe_migrate.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ linus/arch/ia64/kernel/cpe_migrate.c 2008-05-09 09:53:07.447293325 -0500
@@ -0,0 +1,424 @@
+/*
+ * File: cpe_migrate.c
+ * Purpose: Migrate data from physical pages with excessive correctable
+ * errors to new physical pages. Keep the old pages on a discard
+ * list.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2008 SGI - Silicon Graphics Inc.
+ * Copyright (C) 2008 Russ Anderson <rja@sgi.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/sysdev.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/smp.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/swap.h>
+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
+#include <linux/migrate.h>
+#include <linux/page-isolation.h>
+#include <linux/memcontrol.h>
+
+#include <asm/machvec.h>
+#include <asm/page.h>
+#include <asm/system.h>
+#include <asm/sal.h>
+#include <asm/hw_irq.h>
+#include <asm/sn/sn_cpuid.h>
+#include <asm/mca.h>
+
+#define BADRAM_BASENAME "badram"
+#define CE_HISTORY_LENGTH 30
+
+struct cpe_info {
+ u64 paddr;
+ u16 node;
+};
+static struct cpe_info cpe[CE_HISTORY_LENGTH];
+
+static int cpe_polling_enabled = 1;
+static int cpe_head;
+static int cpe_tail;
+
+int work_scheduled;
+static spinlock_t cpe_migrate_lock;
+
+void static
+get_physical_address(void *buffer, u64 *paddr, u16 *node)
+{
+ sal_log_record_header_t *rh;
+ sal_log_mem_dev_err_info_t *mdei;
+ ia64_err_rec_t *err_rec;
+ sal_log_platform_err_info_t *plat_err;
+ efi_guid_t guid;
+
+ err_rec = buffer;
+ rh = (sal_log_record_header_t *)&err_rec->sal_elog_header;
+ *paddr = 0;
+ *node = 0;
+
+ /*
+ * Make sure it is a corrected error.
+ */
+ if (rh->severity != sal_log_severity_corrected)
+ return;
+
+ plat_err = (sal_log_platform_err_info_t *)&err_rec->proc_err;
+
+ guid = (efi_guid_t)plat_err->mem_dev_err.header.guid;
+ if (efi_guidcmp(guid, SAL_PLAT_MEM_DEV_ERR_SECT_GUID) == 0) {
+ /*
+ * Memory cpe
+ */
+ mdei = (sal_log_mem_dev_err_info_t *)&plat_err->mem_dev_err;
+ if (mdei->valid.oem_data) {
+ if (mdei->valid.physical_addr)
+ *paddr = mdei->physical_addr;
+
+ if (mdei->valid.node) {
+ if (ia64_platform_is("sn2"))
+ *node = nasid_to_cnodeid(mdei->node);
+ else
+ *node = mdei->node;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static struct page *
+alloc_migrate_page(struct page *ignored, unsigned long node, int **x)
+{
+
+ return alloc_pages_node(node, GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, 0);
+}
+
+static int
+validate_paddr_page(u64 paddr)
+{
+ struct page *page;
+
+ if (!paddr)
+ return EINVAL;
+
+ if (!ia64_phys_addr_valid(paddr))
+ return EINVAL;
+
+ if (!pfn_valid(paddr >> PAGE_SHIFT))
+ return EINVAL;
+
+ page = phys_to_page(paddr);
+ if (PageMemError(page))
+ /*
+ * The page has already been marked bad.
+ */
+ return EINVAL;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+ia64_mca_cpe_move_page(u64 paddr, u32 node)
+{
+ LIST_HEAD(pagelist);
+ struct page *page;
+ int ret;
+ unsigned long irq_flags;
+
+ ret = validate_paddr_page(paddr);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return EINVAL;
+
+ local_irq_save(irq_flags);
+
+ /*
+ * convert physical address to page number
+ */
+ page = phys_to_page(paddr);
+
+ if (!spin_trylock(&cpe_migrate_lock)) {
+ local_irq_restore(irq_flags);
+ return EBUSY;
+ }
+
+ migrate_prep();
+ ret = isolate_lru_page(page, &pagelist);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;
+
+ SetPageMemError(page); /* Mark the page as bad */
+ ret = migrate_pages(&pagelist, alloc_migrate_page, node);
+ if (ret == 0)
+ list_add_tail(&page->lru, &badpagelist);
+out:
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cpe_migrate_lock, irq_flags);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * ia64_mca_cpe_migrate
+ * The worker that does the actual migration. It pulls a
+ * physical address off the list and calls the migration code.
+ */
+static void
+ia64_mca_cpe_migrate(struct work_struct *unused)
+{
+ int ret;
+ u64 paddr;
+ u16 node;
+
+ do {
+ paddr = cpe[cpe_tail].paddr;
+ if (paddr) {
+ /*
+ * There is a valid entry that needs processing.
+ */
+ node = cpe[cpe_tail].node;
+
+ ret = ia64_mca_cpe_move_page(paddr, node);
+ if (ret <= 0)
+ /*
+ * Even though the return status is negative,
+ * clear the entry. If the same address has
+ * another CPE it will be re-added to the list.
+ */
+ cpe[cpe_tail].paddr = 0;
+
+ }
+ if (++cpe_tail >= CE_HISTORY_LENGTH)
+ cpe_tail = 0;
+
+ } while (cpe_tail != cpe_head);
+ work_scheduled = 0;
+}
+static DECLARE_WORK(cpe_enable_work, ia64_mca_cpe_migrate);
+
+static spinlock_t cpe_list_lock;
+/*
+ * cpe_setup_migrate
+ * Get the physical address out of the CPE record, add it
+ * to the list of addresses to migrate (if not already on),
+ * and schedule the back end worker task. This is called
+ * in interrupt context so cannot directly call the migration
+ * code.
+ *
+ * Inputs
+ * rec The CPE record
+ * Outputs
+ * 1 on Success, -1 on failure
+ */
+static int
+cpe_setup_migrate(void *rec)
+{
+ u64 paddr;
+ u16 node;
+ /* int head, tail; */
+ int i, ret;
+
+ if (!rec)
+ return EINVAL;
+
+ get_physical_address(rec, &paddr, &node);
+ ret = validate_paddr_page(paddr);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return EINVAL;
+
+ if (!((cpe_head == cpe_tail) && (cpe[cpe_head].paddr == 0)))
+ /*
+ * List not empty
+ */
+ for (i = 0; i < CE_HISTORY_LENGTH; i++) {
+ if (PAGE_ALIGN(cpe[i].paddr) == PAGE_ALIGN(paddr))
+ return 1; /* already on the list */
+ }
+
+ if (!spin_trylock(&cpe_list_lock)) {
+ /*
+ * Someone else has the lock. To avoid spinning in interrupt
+ * handler context, bail.
+ */
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (cpe[cpe_head].paddr == 0) {
+ cpe[cpe_head].node = node;
+ cpe[cpe_head].paddr = paddr;
+
+ if (++cpe_head >= CE_HISTORY_LENGTH)
+ cpe_head = 0;
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&cpe_list_lock);
+
+ if (!work_scheduled) {
+ work_scheduled = 1;
+ schedule_work(&cpe_enable_work);
+ }
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * =============================================================================
+ */
+
+/*
+ * free_one_bad_page
+ * Free one page from the list of bad pages.
+ */
+static int
+free_one_bad_page(unsigned long paddr)
+{
+ LIST_HEAD(pagelist);
+ struct page *page, *page2, *target;
+
+ /*
+ * Verify page address
+ */
+ target = phys_to_page(paddr);
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(page, page2, &badpagelist, lru) {
+ if (page != target)
+ continue;
+
+ ClearPageMemError(page); /* Mark the page as good */
+ totalbad_pages--;
+ list_del(&page->lru);
+ list_add_tail(&page->lru, &pagelist);
+ putback_lru_pages(&pagelist);
+ break;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * free_all_bad_pages
+ * Free all of the pages on the bad pages list.
+ */
+static int
+free_all_bad_pages(void)
+{
+ struct page *page, *page2;
+
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(page, page2, &badpagelist, lru) {
+ ClearPageMemError(page); /* Mark the page as good */
+ totalbad_pages--;
+ }
+ putback_lru_pages(&badpagelist);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#define OPT_LEN 16
+
+static ssize_t
+badpage_store(struct kobject *kobj,
+ struct kobj_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+ char optstr[OPT_LEN];
+ unsigned long opt;
+ int len = OPT_LEN;
+ int err;
+
+ if (count < len)
+ len = count;
+
+ memcpy(optstr, buf, len);
+ optstr[len] = '\0';
+
+ err = strict_strtoul(optstr, 16, &opt);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ if (opt == 0)
+ free_all_bad_pages();
+ else
+ free_one_bad_page(opt);
+
+ return count;
+}
+
+/*
+ * badpage_show
+ * Display the number, size, and addresses of all the pages on the
+ * bad page list.
+ *
+ * Note that sysfs provides buf of PAGE_SIZE length. bufsize tracks
+ * the remaining space in buf to avoid overflowing.
+ */
+static ssize_t
+badpage_show(struct kobject *kobj,
+ struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+
+{
+ struct page *page, *page2;
+ int i = 0, cnt;
+ int bufsize = PAGE_SIZE;
+
+ cnt = snprintf(buf, bufsize, "Bad RAM: %d kB, %d pages marked bad\n"
+ "List of bad physical pages\n",
+ totalbad_pages << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10), totalbad_pages);
+
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(page, page2, &badpagelist, lru) {
+ bufsize = PAGE_SIZE - cnt;
+ if (bufsize < 20)
+ break;
+ cnt += snprintf(buf + cnt, bufsize,
+ " 0x%011lx", page_to_phys(page));
+ if (!(++i % 5))
+ cnt += snprintf(buf + cnt, bufsize, "\n");
+ }
+ cnt += snprintf(buf + cnt, bufsize, "\n");
+
+ return cnt;
+}
+
+static struct kobj_attribute badram_attr = {
+ .attr = {
+ .name = "badram",
+ .mode = S_IWUSR | S_IRUGO,
+ },
+ .show = badpage_show,
+ .store = badpage_store,
+};
+
+int __init cpe_migrate_external_handler_init(void)
+{
+ int error;
+
+ error = sysfs_create_file(kernel_kobj, &badram_attr.attr);
+ if (error)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ spin_lock_init(&cpe_migrate_lock);
+ spin_lock_init(&cpe_list_lock);
+
+ /*
+ * register external ce handler
+ */
+ if (ia64_reg_CE_extension(cpe_setup_migrate)) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "ia64_reg_CE_extension failed.\n");
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+ cpe_poll_enabled = cpe_polling_enabled;
+
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Registered badram Driver\n");
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void __exit cpe_migrate_external_handler_exit(void)
+{
+ /* unregister external mca handlers */
+ ia64_unreg_CE_extension();
+
+ sysfs_remove_file(kernel_kobj, &badram_attr.attr);
+}
+
+module_init(cpe_migrate_external_handler_init);
+module_exit(cpe_migrate_external_handler_exit);
+
+module_param(cpe_polling_enabled, int, 0644);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(cpe_polling_enabled,
+ "Enable polling with migration");
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Russ Anderson <rja@sgi.com>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("ia64 Corrected Error page migration driver");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
Index: linus/arch/ia64/kernel/mca.c
===================================================================
--- linus.orig/arch/ia64/kernel/mca.c 2008-05-09 09:50:58.379235657 -0500
+++ linus/arch/ia64/kernel/mca.c 2008-05-09 09:51:23.162319088 -0500
@@ -68,6 +68,9 @@
*
* 2007-04-27 Russ Anderson <rja@sgi.com>
* Support multiple cpus going through OS_MCA in the same event.
+ *
+ * 2008-04-22 Russ Anderson <rja@sgi.com>
+ * Migrate data off pages with correctable memory errors.
*/
#include <linux/jiffies.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
@@ -163,7 +166,11 @@ static int cmc_polling_enabled = 1;
* but encounters problems retrieving CPE logs. This should only be
* necessary for debugging.
*/
-static int cpe_poll_enabled = 1;
+int cpe_poll_enabled = 1;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpe_poll_enabled);
+
+LIST_HEAD(badpagelist);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(badpagelist);

extern void salinfo_log_wakeup(int type, u8 *buffer, u64 size, int irqsafe);

@@ -525,6 +532,28 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mca_recover_range);

#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI

+/* Function pointer to Corrected Error memory migration driver */
+int (*ia64_mca_ce_extension)(void *) = NULL;
+
+int
+ia64_reg_CE_extension(int (*fn)(void *))
+{
+ if (ia64_mca_ce_extension)
+ return 1;
+
+ ia64_mca_ce_extension = fn;
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(ia64_reg_CE_extension);
+
+void
+ia64_unreg_CE_extension(void)
+{
+ if (ia64_mca_ce_extension)
+ ia64_mca_ce_extension = NULL;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(ia64_unreg_CE_extension);
+
int cpe_vector = -1;
int ia64_cpe_irq = -1;

@@ -534,6 +563,7 @@ ia64_mca_cpe_int_handler (int cpe_irq, v
static unsigned long cpe_history[CPE_HISTORY_LENGTH];
static int index;
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(cpe_history_lock);
+ int recover;

IA64_MCA_DEBUG("%s: received interrupt vector = %#x on CPU %d\n",
__func__, cpe_irq, smp_processor_id());
@@ -580,6 +610,8 @@ ia64_mca_cpe_int_handler (int cpe_irq, v
out:
/* Get the CPE error record and log it */
ia64_mca_log_sal_error_record(SAL_INFO_TYPE_CPE);
+ recover = (ia64_mca_ce_extension && ia64_mca_ce_extension(
+ IA64_LOG_CURR_BUFFER(SAL_INFO_TYPE_CPE)));

return IRQ_HANDLED;
}
Index: linus/arch/ia64/Kconfig
===================================================================
--- linus.orig/arch/ia64/Kconfig 2008-05-09 09:50:58.379235657 -0500
+++ linus/arch/ia64/Kconfig 2008-05-09 09:51:23.190322572 -0500
@@ -456,6 +456,9 @@ config COMPAT_FOR_U64_ALIGNMENT
config IA64_MCA_RECOVERY
tristate "MCA recovery from errors other than TLB."

+config IA64_CPE_MIGRATE
+ tristate "Migrate data off pages with correctable errors"
+
config PERFMON
bool "Performance monitor support"
help
Index: linus/include/asm-ia64/mca.h
===================================================================
--- linus.orig/include/asm-ia64/mca.h 2008-05-09 09:50:58.379235657 -0500
+++ linus/include/asm-ia64/mca.h 2008-05-09 09:51:23.214325558 -0500
@@ -137,6 +137,7 @@ extern unsigned long __per_cpu_mca[NR_CP

extern int cpe_vector;
extern int ia64_cpe_irq;
+extern int cpe_poll_enabled;
extern void ia64_mca_init(void);
extern void ia64_mca_cpu_init(void *);
extern void ia64_os_mca_dispatch(void);
@@ -150,9 +151,14 @@ extern void ia64_slave_init_handler(void
extern void ia64_mca_cmc_vector_setup(void);
extern int ia64_reg_MCA_extension(int (*fn)(void *, struct ia64_sal_os_state *));
extern void ia64_unreg_MCA_extension(void);
+extern int ia64_reg_CE_extension(int (*fn)(void *));
+extern void ia64_unreg_CE_extension(void);
extern u64 ia64_get_rnat(u64 *);
extern void ia64_mca_printk(const char * fmt, ...)
__attribute__ ((format (printf, 1, 2)));
+
+extern struct list_head badpagelist;
+extern struct kobject *kernel_kobj;

struct ia64_mca_notify_die {
struct ia64_sal_os_state *sos;
Index: linus/mm/migrate.c
===================================================================
--- linus.orig/mm/migrate.c 2008-05-09 09:51:22.374221036 -0500
+++ linus/mm/migrate.c 2008-05-09 09:51:23.230327549 -0500
@@ -64,6 +64,7 @@ int isolate_lru_page(struct page *page,
}
return ret;
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(isolate_lru_page);

/*
* migrate_prep() needs to be called before we start compiling a list of pages
@@ -81,6 +82,7 @@ int migrate_prep(void)

return 0;
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(migrate_prep);

static inline void move_to_lru(struct page *page)
{
@@ -115,6 +117,7 @@ int putback_lru_pages(struct list_head *
}
return count;
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(putback_lru_pages);

/*
* Restore a potential migration pte to a working pte entry
@@ -804,6 +807,7 @@ out:

return nr_failed + retry;
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(migrate_pages);

#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
/*
Index: linus/include/asm-ia64/page.h
===================================================================
--- linus.orig/include/asm-ia64/page.h 2008-05-09 09:50:58.379235657 -0500
+++ linus/include/asm-ia64/page.h 2008-05-09 09:51:23.254330535 -0500
@@ -122,6 +122,7 @@ extern unsigned long max_low_pfn;
#endif

#define page_to_phys(page) (page_to_pfn(page) << PAGE_SHIFT)
+#define phys_to_page(kaddr) (pfn_to_page(kaddr >> PAGE_SHIFT))
#define virt_to_page(kaddr) pfn_to_page(__pa(kaddr) >> PAGE_SHIFT)
#define pfn_to_kaddr(pfn) __va((pfn) << PAGE_SHIFT)

Index: linus/mm/page_alloc.c
===================================================================
--- linus.orig/mm/page_alloc.c 2008-05-09 09:51:22.310213072 -0500
+++ linus/mm/page_alloc.c 2008-05-09 09:51:23.262331531 -0500
@@ -72,6 +72,7 @@ unsigned long totalreserve_pages __read_
long nr_swap_pages;
int percpu_pagelist_fraction;
unsigned int totalbad_pages;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(totalbad_pages);

#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_SIZE_VARIABLE
int pageblock_order __read_mostly;
--
Russ Anderson, OS RAS/Partitioning Project Lead
SGI - Silicon Graphics Inc rja@sgi.com

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