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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 -mm 0/2] x86: per-device dma_mapping_ops
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On Tue, 27 May 2008 10:23:21 +0530
Amit Shah <amit.shah@qumranet.com> wrote:

> On Tuesday 27 May 2008 05:20:54 FUJITA Tomonori wrote:
> > On Mon, 26 May 2008 22:14:34 +0530
> >
> > Amit Shah <amit.shah@qumranet.com> wrote:
> > > On Monday 26 May 2008 11:41:52 FUJITA Tomonori wrote:
> > > > On Mon, 26 May 2008 09:39:20 +0530
> > > >
> > > > Amit Shah <amit.shah@qumranet.com> wrote:
> > > > > On Sunday 25 May 2008 12:50:11 Muli Ben-Yehuda wrote:
> > > > > > On Thu, May 22, 2008 at 04:13:02PM +0530, Amit Shah wrote:
> > > > > > > OK; this sounds helpful. the hook can make a hypercall and
> > > > > > > confirm with the host kernel if the device in question is an
> > > > > > > assigned physical device. If yes, we replace the dma_ops. Though,
> > > > > > > the original intent of having stackable ops is that we might want
> > > > > > > to go through the swiotlb in the guest even for an assigned
> > > > > > > device if the guest dma addresses are not in the addressable
> > > > > > > range of the guest chipset.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > created (it works with hot plugging). It enables IOMMUs to set
> > > > > > > > up an appropriate dma_mapping_ops per device.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > From what we've discussed so far, it looks like stackable dma ops
> > > > > > > will definitely be needed. Does this patchset provide something
> > > > > > > that stacking won't?
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Yes---this patchset let's you have a per-device dma-ops, whereas
> > > > > > with stackable you only get global dma-ops. I think it's clear we
> > > > > > need both, and I think per-device dma-ops are the first thing
> > > > > > that's needed. Stacking can then be introduced on a per-device
> > > > > > basis.
> > > > >
> > > > > When we would want stacking, we'll want it globally and not
> > > > > per-device, isn't it? Or at least for devices on a particular bus.
> > > > >
> > > > > When an IOMMU driver registers itself, it should tell which devices
> > > > > it's interested in (each device behind a bus or by enumerating each
> > > > > device it cares for). This should take care of all the scenarios and
> > > > > we won't have the need for per-device dma_ops.
> > > >
> > > > Well, without per-device dma_ops, IOMMUs could live. But it's pretty
> > > > hacky. Every time a dma operation is called, IOMMUs need to figure out
> > > > how a device should be handled.
> > >
> > > What if this information could be hidden behind (a slightly complicated)
> > > get_dma_ops()? Also, each of the operations in dma_ops will see if
> > > there's something else down the stack that might be interested in the
> > > current device.
> >
> > dma_ops can't do anything since only IOMMUs know what to do against a
> > device.
>
> Instead of each device calling a function to check which IOMMU is right, I am
> suggesting each IOMMU come in and tell which devices it is interested in.

It means that you need to register IOMMU information per
device. That's same to per-device dma_ops.

Or It means you need put devices (an IOMMU is interested in) to a
list. Every time dma operation is called, you check the list to see
who is interested in a device. That's not clean (not effective too).


> > Again, stackable ops can't cleanly solve the problem that per-device
> > dma_ops tries to solve. For example, you stack dma_ops like
> > pvdma->hardare->nommu/swiotlb. How can pvdma_ops know if pvdma_ops
> > needs to handle a device or not? pvdma_ops needs to skip some devices
> > and handle some. per-device dma_ops enables us not to stack pvdma_ops
> > for devices that pvdma_ops are not instrested in. That's much clean.
>
> OK; how about this:
>
> An example with per-device dma_ops and stacking will look like this:
>
> pvdma->hardware->nommu/swiotlb
> ^ ^
> | |
> e1000 rtl8139
>
> And this scheme is going to suit everyone, agreed?
>
> This is simple and doesn't need too many changes all around.

Sorry, I'm not sure what this picture represents.

BTW, without pvdma, there is no need to hardware->nommu/swiotlb
stacking for IOMMUs like Calgary. Per-device dma_ops wor for them.


> I was suggesting something more than this that can handle cases like an iommu
> wanting to have each device behind a bus to pass through it (it's still
> possible, but needs a per-device walk). Also, in the scenario depicted above,
> each device will start by pointing to the first iommu in the chain (pvdma in
> this case) and the iommu will then determine if that device needs to be
> passed via its translations.

No, IOMMUs doesn't need to do that. We need to put a stacking
mechanism in dma-mapping.h. A stacking mechanism should not be visible
to IOMMUs.


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