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SubjectRe: [PATCH] x86_32: trim memory by updating e820 v3
On Sat, Apr 26, 2008 at 3:56 AM, Andrew Morton
<akpm@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
> On Tue, 22 Jan 2008 16:23:20 -0800 Yinghai Lu <Yinghai.Lu@Sun.COM> wrote:
>
> > [PATCH] x86_32: trim memory by updating e820 v3
> >
> > when mtrr is not covering all e820 table, need to trim the ram, need to update e820
> >
> > reuse some code for x86_64
> >
> > here need to add early_get_cap and use it in early_cpu_detect, and move mtrr_bp_init early
> >
> > need Justine to test with his special system with bug bios.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai.lu@sun.com>
>
> Speaking of mtrr and e820....
>
> Could someone please take a peek at
> http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=10508 ?
>
> For some reason we seem to have turned this:
>
> [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: 0000000000000000 - 000000000009f800 (usable)
> [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: 000000000009f800 - 00000000000a0000 (reserved)
> [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: 00000000000dc000 - 0000000000100000 (reserved)
> [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: 0000000000100000 - 00000000bf6d0000 (usable)
> [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: 00000000bf6d0000 - 00000000bf6e3000 (ACPI NVS)
> [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: 00000000bf6e3000 - 00000000c0000000 (reserved)
> [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: 00000000e0000000 - 00000000f0000000 (reserved)
> [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: 00000000fec00000 - 00000000fec10000 (reserved)
> [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: 00000000fed00000 - 00000000fed00400 (reserved)
> [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: 00000000fed14000 - 00000000fed1a000 (reserved)
> [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: 00000000fed1c000 - 00000000fed90000 (reserved)
> [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: 00000000fee00000 - 00000000fee01000 (reserved)
> [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: 00000000ff000000 - 0000000100000000 (reserved)
> [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: 0000000100000000 - 0000000140000000 (usable)
>
> into this:
>
> reg00: base=0xc0000000 (3072MB), size=1024MB: uncachable, count=1
> reg01: base=0x00000000 ( 0MB), size=4096MB: write-back, count=1
> reg02: base=0x100000000 (4096MB), size=1024MB: write-back, count=1
> reg03: base=0xbf700000 (3063MB), size= 1MB: uncachable, count=1
> reg04: base=0xbf800000 (3064MB), size= 8MB: uncachable, count=1
>
> which screws up the X server's attempt to map the video memory at
> 0xd0000000.
>

the BIOS should have set memhole to 2048MB or 2560M instead of 1033MB

good mtrr should

> reg00: base=0x00000000 (0MB), size=2048MB: write-back, count=1
> reg01: base=0x100000000 (4096MB), size=2048MB: write-back, count=1

or

> reg00: base=0x00000000 (0MB), size=2048MB: write-back, count=1
> reg01: base=0x80000000 (2048MB), size=512MB: write-back, count=1
> reg02: base=0x100000000 (4096MB), size=1024MB: write-back, count=1
> reg03: base=0x140000000 (4096MB), size=512MB: write-back, count=1

so please talk to your HW esp CPU vendor to fix the BIOS problem.

AMD Rev F and Quadcore should get

> reg00: base=0x00000000 (0MB), size=2048MB: write-back, count=1

or

> reg00: base=0x00000000 (0MB), size=2048MB: write-back, count=1
> reg01: base=0x80000000 (2048MB), size=512MB: write-back, count=1

because [4G, TOM2) is WB by default.

YH


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