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SubjectRe: [Bug 10489] Kprobe smoke test lockdep warning
Hi Peter,

Thank you for the patch,

Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> So the below makes it work - but I'm not getting this code; at the time
> I wrote that stuff I CC'ed each and every kprobe maintainer listed in
> the usual places but got no reposonse - can some please explain this
> stuff to me?

Sure, I came to the same decision. It is enough to remove unnecessary
trace_hardirqs_fixup_flags() from post_kprobe_handler. pt_regs->flags is
just a variable on stack -- not effective flags in that time. So we don't
need to change thread's hardirq flag.

> Are the saved flags only for the TF bit or are they made in full effect
> later (and if so, where) ?

The saved flags is for TF and IF bits.
Actually, kprobes does following:

prepare_singlestep() : save regs->flags, set TF and clear IF on regs->flags
"iret" : pop regs->flags image to EFLAGS reg.

<single step an instruction>

post_kprobe_handler() : restore regs->flags (clearing TF and restoring IF)
"iret" : pop regs->flags image to EFLAGS reg.

While executing a single step, EFLAGS is different from the original EFLAGS.
However, it will be recovered soon by post_kprobe_handler.
NOTE: if the single-stepping instruction is a pushf, kprobes writes saved
EFLAGS to the top of stack.

> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <>

I tested it on x86-64/i386.

Acked-by: Masami Hiramatsu <>

> ---
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes.c
> index 34a5912..fe71e64 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes.c
> @@ -865,7 +865,6 @@ static int __kprobes post_kprobe_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
> resume_execution(cur, regs, kcb);
> regs->flags |= kcb->kprobe_saved_flags;
> - trace_hardirqs_fixup_flags(regs->flags);
> /* Restore back the original saved kprobes variables and continue. */
> if (kcb->kprobe_status == KPROBE_REENTER) {

Masami Hiramatsu

Software Engineer
Hitachi Computer Products (America) Inc.
Software Solutions Division


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