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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2 update] firewire: insist on successive self ID complete events
I wrote on 2008-03-19:
> The whole topology code only works if the old and new topologies which
> are compared come from immediately successive self ID complete events.
> If there happened bus resets without self ID complete events in the
> meantime, or self ID complete events with invalid selfIDs, the topology
> comparison could identify nodes wrongly, or more likely just corrupt
> kernel memory or panic right away.
> We new discard all nodes of the old topology and treat all current nodes
> as new ones if the current self ID generation is not the previous one
> plus 1.
> --- linux.orig/drivers/firewire/fw-topology.c
> +++ linux/drivers/firewire/fw-topology.c
> @@ -513,6 +513,18 @@ fw_core_handle_bus_reset(struct fw_card
> fw_flush_transactions(card);
> + /*
> + * If the selfID buffer is not the immediate successor of the
> + * previously processed one, we cannot reliably compare the
> + * old and new topologies.
> + */
> + if ((generation & 0xff) != ((card->generation + 1) & 0xff) &&
> + card->local_node != NULL) {
> + fw_notify("skipped bus generations, destroying all nodes\n");
> + fw_destroy_nodes(card);
> + card->bm_retries = 0;
> + }
> +
> spin_lock_irqsave(&card->lock, flags);
> /*

Some a-posteriori thoughts:

Situations like this happen quite regularly when camcorders are plugged
in or out or switched on or off, or when bus-powered hubs are plugged
in, and similar situations --- depending on the PHYs on the bus.

The conclusion that we have to discard the old topology data in this
situation still stands.

However, although we have to discard node data, we should not discard
_device_ data. Chances are that some devices remained on the bus. At
least the local node's device will obviously still be there.

Destroying the device representations (and recreating them)
- causes unnecessary terminal connection loss for userspace drivers,
- causes unnecessary terminal connection loss to SBP-2 devices with
the possible result of data loss,
- will unnecessarily disturb hypothetical future kernelspace firewire
drivers. (There will be at least one more of those eventually, i.e.
IP over 1394.)
- is a regression relative to the current firewire-core and relative
to ieee1394.

I don't think it will be hard to prevent the premature destruction of
device representations. I will work on it soon and am holding off
upstream submission of the above quoted patch until I have the device
preserving code implemented an tested.

Until then, firewire-core will keep panicking in rare border cases due
to bogus topology comparisons.¹ But it will on the other hand not lose
connection in the not quite uncommon situations outlined above.

¹) There is no proof yet that it does, but there are some suspicious
reports. And I don't remember any panics by hotplugging anymore since I
am using the above patch myself.
Stefan Richter
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