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SubjectRe: [PATCH,RFC] Add call_rcu_sched()
On Mon, Mar 24, 2008 at 01:06:53AM -0400, Mathieu Desnoyers wrote:
> * Paul E. McKenney (paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com) wrote:
> > Hello!
> >
> > Second cut of patch to provide the call_rcu_sched() needed for Mathieu's
> > markers implementation. This is again to synchronize_sched() as
> > call_rcu() is to synchronize_rcu().
> >
> > Should be fine for experimental use, but not ready for inclusion.
> >
> > Passes short rcutorture sessions, but should be treated with some caution
> > given that very little of it is more than 24 hours old. Fixes since the
> > first version include a bug that could result in indefinite blocking
> > (spotted by Gautham Shenoy), better resiliency against CPU-hotplug
> > operations, and other minor fixes.
> >
> > Known/suspected shortcomings:
> >
> > o Only moderately tested -- only short rcutorture sessions.
> >
> > o Need to add call_rcu_sched() testing to rcutorture.
> >
> > o If I remember correctly, an rcu_barrier_sched() is required
> > (Mathieu?).
> >
>
> Hi Paul,
>
> Thanks for this work, I'll give it a try (I'm just back from a weekend
> away from the city). Yes, my code needs a rcu_barrier_sched() so it can
> wait for call_rcu_sched completion before it tries to re-use the data
> structures at the next modification of the same marker.
>
> I think rcu_barrier_sched should be quite straightforward to implement
> if we derive it from kernel/rcupdate.c:rcu_barrier. Actually, couldn't
> we just rename rcu_barrier into something else made static (_rcu_barrier)
> and call it with a different parameter telling which of call_rcu or
> call_rcu_sched to use ?

I was thinking in terms of a cpp macro sort of like synchronize_rcu_xxx(),
but will look at this as well. In any case, I agree with sharing the
mechanism between the two -- unless there is some screaming reason why
we need to be able to do an rcu_barrier() and an rcu_sched_barrier()
concurrently. ;-)

> Something like this :
>
> Add rcu_barrier_sched
>
> Adds rcu_barrier_sched, which uses call_rcu_sched. It wait for each in flight
> call_rcu_sched to be completed before it returns.
>
> Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca>
> ---
> include/linux/rcupdate.h | 1 +
> kernel/rcupdate.c | 40 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
> 2 files changed, 34 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
>
> Index: linux-2.6-lttng/include/linux/rcupdate.h
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6-lttng.orig/include/linux/rcupdate.h 2008-03-24 00:13:26.000000000 -0400
> +++ linux-2.6-lttng/include/linux/rcupdate.h 2008-03-24 00:13:36.000000000 -0400
> @@ -260,6 +260,7 @@ extern void call_rcu_bh(struct rcu_head
> /* Exported common interfaces */
> extern void synchronize_rcu(void);
> extern void rcu_barrier(void);
> +extern void rcu_barrier_sched(void);
> extern long rcu_batches_completed(void);
> extern long rcu_batches_completed_bh(void);
>
> Index: linux-2.6-lttng/kernel/rcupdate.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6-lttng.orig/kernel/rcupdate.c 2008-03-24 00:07:15.000000000 -0400
> +++ linux-2.6-lttng/kernel/rcupdate.c 2008-03-24 00:17:01.000000000 -0400
> @@ -45,6 +45,11 @@
> #include <linux/mutex.h>
> #include <linux/module.h>
>
> +enum rcu_barrier {
> + RCU_BARRIER_STD,
> + RCU_BARRIER_SCHED,
> +};
> +
> static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_head, rcu_barrier_head) = {NULL};
> static atomic_t rcu_barrier_cpu_count;
> static DEFINE_MUTEX(rcu_barrier_mutex);
> @@ -83,19 +88,23 @@ static void rcu_barrier_callback(struct
> /*
> * Called with preemption disabled, and from cross-cpu IRQ context.
> */
> -static void rcu_barrier_func(void *notused)
> +static void rcu_barrier_func(void *type)
> {
> int cpu = smp_processor_id();
> struct rcu_head *head = &per_cpu(rcu_barrier_head, cpu);
>
> atomic_inc(&rcu_barrier_cpu_count);
> - call_rcu(head, rcu_barrier_callback);
> + switch((enum rcu_barrier)type) {
> + case RCU_BARRIER_STD:
> + call_rcu(head, rcu_barrier_callback);
> + break;
> + case RCU_BARRIER_SCHED:
> + call_rcu_sched(head, rcu_barrier_callback);
> + break;
> + }
> }
>
> -/**
> - * rcu_barrier - Wait until all the in-flight RCUs are complete.
> - */
> -void rcu_barrier(void)
> +static void _rcu_barrier(enum rcu_barrier type)
> {
> BUG_ON(in_interrupt());
> /* Take cpucontrol mutex to protect against CPU hotplug */
> @@ -111,13 +120,30 @@ void rcu_barrier(void)
> * until all the callbacks are queued.
> */
> rcu_read_lock();
> - on_each_cpu(rcu_barrier_func, NULL, 0, 1);
> + on_each_cpu(rcu_barrier_func, (void *)type, 0, 1);
> rcu_read_unlock();
> wait_for_completion(&rcu_barrier_completion);
> mutex_unlock(&rcu_barrier_mutex);
> }
> +
> +/**
> + * rcu_barrier - Wait until all the in-flight RCUs are complete.
> + */
> +void rcu_barrier(void)
> +{
> + _rcu_barrier(RCU_BARRIER_STD);
> +}
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_barrier);
>
> +/**
> + * rcu_barrier_sched - Wait until all the in-flight call_rcu_sched are complete.
> + */
> +void rcu_barrier_sched(void)
> +{
> + _rcu_barrier(RCU_BARRIER_SCHED);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_barrier_sched);
> +
> void __init rcu_init(void)
> {
> __rcu_init();
>
>
> > o Interaction of this patch with CPU hotplug should be viewed
> > with great suspicion.
>
> Fix call_rcu_sched wait

There are definitely some problems here... Though I am seeing them
in the sched_setaffinity() call rather than in the wait processing.

> > o If there are no synchronize_sched() calls for more than two
> > minutes, one can see messages of the form "INFO: task
> > rcu_sched_grace:924 blocked for more than 120 seconds."
> > Any thoughts on how to avoid this message? Should I be using
> > something other than __wait_event() and wake_up(), which sleep
> > uninterruptibly, thus triggering this message?
> >
>
> Could you use __wait_event_interruptible and wake_up_interruptible
> instead ? softlockup.c only seems to complain when uninterruptible tasks
> are not scheduled for 2 minutes. I guess that when we receive a signal
> we could simply go through another loop.

I will give these a try.

> Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca>
> ---
> kernel/rcupreempt.c | 9 ++++++---
> 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>
> Index: linux-2.6-lttng/kernel/rcupreempt.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6-lttng.orig/kernel/rcupreempt.c 2008-03-24 00:26:27.000000000 -0400
> +++ linux-2.6-lttng/kernel/rcupreempt.c 2008-03-24 00:33:47.000000000 -0400
> @@ -1074,7 +1074,7 @@ void call_rcu_sched(struct rcu_head *hea
> rcu_ctrlblk.sched_sleep = rcu_sched_not_sleeping;
> spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rcu_ctrlblk.schedlock, flags);
> if (wake_gp)
> - wake_up(&rcu_ctrlblk.sched_wq);
> + wake_up_interruptible(&rcu_ctrlblk.sched_wq);
> }
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu_sched);
> @@ -1097,6 +1097,7 @@ rcu_sched_grace_period(void *arg)
> int couldsleep; /* might sleep after current pass. */
> int couldsleepnext = 0; /* might sleep after next pass. */
> int cpu;
> + int ret;
> long err;
> unsigned long flags;
> int needsoftirq;
> @@ -1242,8 +1243,10 @@ retry:
>
> rcu_ctrlblk.sched_sleep = rcu_sched_sleeping;
> spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rcu_ctrlblk.schedlock, flags);
> - __wait_event(rcu_ctrlblk.sched_wq,
> - rcu_ctrlblk.sched_sleep != rcu_sched_sleeping);
> + ret = 0;
> + __wait_event_interruptible(rcu_ctrlblk.sched_wq,
> + rcu_ctrlblk.sched_sleep != rcu_sched_sleeping,
> + ret);

Don't we have to do something here to clear signal state if we are
ever to block again? Maybe something like the following?

flush_signals(current):

Or am I missing something?

> couldsleepnext = 0;
>
> } while (!kthread_should_stop());
>
> > One other thing -- this patch also fixes a long-standing bug in the
> > earlier preemptable-RCU implementation of synchronize_rcu() that could
> > result in loss of concurrent external changes to a task's CPU affinity
> > mask. I have lost track of who reported this...
>
> That's always good :)

Fixing the bug or losing track? ;-)

Thanx, Paul

> Mathieu
>
> > Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> > ---
> >
> > include/linux/rcuclassic.h | 3
> > include/linux/rcupdate.h | 22 +++
> > include/linux/rcupreempt.h | 15 ++
> > init/main.c | 1
> > kernel/rcupdate.c | 20 ---
> > kernel/rcupreempt.c | 276 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> > 6 files changed, 308 insertions(+), 29 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff -urpNa -X dontdiff linux-2.6.25-rc6/include/linux/rcuclassic.h linux-2.6.25-rc6-C1-call_rcu_sched/include/linux/rcuclassic.h
> > --- linux-2.6.25-rc6/include/linux/rcuclassic.h 2008-03-16 17:45:16.000000000 -0700
> > +++ linux-2.6.25-rc6-C1-call_rcu_sched/include/linux/rcuclassic.h 2008-03-21 04:27:31.000000000 -0700
> > @@ -153,7 +153,10 @@ extern struct lockdep_map rcu_lock_map;
> >
> > #define __synchronize_sched() synchronize_rcu()
> >
> > +#define call_rcu_sched(head, func) call_rcu(head, func)
> > +
> > extern void __rcu_init(void);
> > +#define rcu_init_sched() do { } while (0)
> > extern void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user);
> > extern void rcu_restart_cpu(int cpu);
> >
> > diff -urpNa -X dontdiff linux-2.6.25-rc6/include/linux/rcupdate.h linux-2.6.25-rc6-C1-call_rcu_sched/include/linux/rcupdate.h
> > --- linux-2.6.25-rc6/include/linux/rcupdate.h 2008-03-16 17:45:16.000000000 -0700
> > +++ linux-2.6.25-rc6-C1-call_rcu_sched/include/linux/rcupdate.h 2008-03-20 21:10:42.000000000 -0700
> > @@ -42,6 +42,7 @@
> > #include <linux/cpumask.h>
> > #include <linux/seqlock.h>
> > #include <linux/lockdep.h>
> > +#include <linux/completion.h>
> >
> > /**
> > * struct rcu_head - callback structure for use with RCU
> > @@ -182,6 +183,27 @@ struct rcu_head {
> > (p) = (v); \
> > })
> >
> > +/* Infrastructure to implement the synchronize_() primitives. */
> > +
> > +struct rcu_synchronize {
> > + struct rcu_head head;
> > + struct completion completion;
> > +};
> > +
> > +extern void wakeme_after_rcu(struct rcu_head *head);
> > +
> > +#define synchronize_rcu_xxx(name, func) \
> > +void name(void) \
> > +{ \
> > + struct rcu_synchronize rcu; \
> > + \
> > + init_completion(&rcu.completion); \
> > + /* Will wake me after RCU finished. */ \
> > + func(&rcu.head, wakeme_after_rcu); \
> > + /* Wait for it. */ \
> > + wait_for_completion(&rcu.completion); \
> > +}
> > +
> > /**
> > * synchronize_sched - block until all CPUs have exited any non-preemptive
> > * kernel code sequences.
> > diff -urpNa -X dontdiff linux-2.6.25-rc6/include/linux/rcupreempt.h linux-2.6.25-rc6-C1-call_rcu_sched/include/linux/rcupreempt.h
> > --- linux-2.6.25-rc6/include/linux/rcupreempt.h 2008-03-16 17:45:16.000000000 -0700
> > +++ linux-2.6.25-rc6-C1-call_rcu_sched/include/linux/rcupreempt.h 2008-03-21 04:31:29.000000000 -0700
> > @@ -46,6 +46,20 @@
> > #define rcu_bh_qsctr_inc(cpu)
> > #define call_rcu_bh(head, rcu) call_rcu(head, rcu)
> >
> > +/**
> > + * call_rcu_sched - Queue RCU callback for invocation after sched grace period.
> > + * @head: structure to be used for queueing the RCU updates.
> > + * @func: actual update function to be invoked after the grace period
> > + *
> > + * The update function will be invoked some time after a full
> > + * synchronize_sched()-style grace period elapses, in other words after
> > + * all currently executing preempt-disabled sections of code (including
> > + * hardirq handlers, NMI handlers, and local_irq_save() blocks) have
> > + * completed.
> > + */
> > +extern void call_rcu_sched(struct rcu_head *head,
> > + void (*func)(struct rcu_head *head));
> > +
> > extern void __rcu_read_lock(void) __acquires(RCU);
> > extern void __rcu_read_unlock(void) __releases(RCU);
> > extern int rcu_pending(int cpu);
> > @@ -57,6 +71,7 @@ extern int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu);
> > extern void __synchronize_sched(void);
> >
> > extern void __rcu_init(void);
> > +extern void rcu_init_sched(void);
> > extern void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user);
> > extern void rcu_restart_cpu(int cpu);
> > extern long rcu_batches_completed(void);
> > diff -urpNa -X dontdiff linux-2.6.25-rc6/init/main.c linux-2.6.25-rc6-C1-call_rcu_sched/init/main.c
> > --- linux-2.6.25-rc6/init/main.c 2008-03-16 17:45:17.000000000 -0700
> > +++ linux-2.6.25-rc6-C1-call_rcu_sched/init/main.c 2008-03-21 04:31:31.000000000 -0700
> > @@ -736,6 +736,7 @@ static void __init do_basic_setup(void)
> > driver_init();
> > init_irq_proc();
> > do_initcalls();
> > + rcu_init_sched();
> > }
> >
> > static int __initdata nosoftlockup;
> > diff -urpNa -X dontdiff linux-2.6.25-rc6/kernel/rcupdate.c linux-2.6.25-rc6-C1-call_rcu_sched/kernel/rcupdate.c
> > --- linux-2.6.25-rc6/kernel/rcupdate.c 2008-03-16 17:45:17.000000000 -0700
> > +++ linux-2.6.25-rc6-C1-call_rcu_sched/kernel/rcupdate.c 2008-03-20 21:10:39.000000000 -0700
> > @@ -39,18 +39,12 @@
> > #include <linux/sched.h>
> > #include <asm/atomic.h>
> > #include <linux/bitops.h>
> > -#include <linux/completion.h>
> > #include <linux/percpu.h>
> > #include <linux/notifier.h>
> > #include <linux/cpu.h>
> > #include <linux/mutex.h>
> > #include <linux/module.h>
> >
> > -struct rcu_synchronize {
> > - struct rcu_head head;
> > - struct completion completion;
> > -};
> > -
> > static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_head, rcu_barrier_head) = {NULL};
> > static atomic_t rcu_barrier_cpu_count;
> > static DEFINE_MUTEX(rcu_barrier_mutex);
> > @@ -60,7 +54,7 @@ static struct completion rcu_barrier_com
> > * Awaken the corresponding synchronize_rcu() instance now that a
> > * grace period has elapsed.
> > */
> > -static void wakeme_after_rcu(struct rcu_head *head)
> > +void wakeme_after_rcu(struct rcu_head *head)
> > {
> > struct rcu_synchronize *rcu;
> >
> > @@ -77,17 +71,7 @@ static void wakeme_after_rcu(struct rcu_
> > * sections are delimited by rcu_read_lock() and rcu_read_unlock(),
> > * and may be nested.
> > */
> > -void synchronize_rcu(void)
> > -{
> > - struct rcu_synchronize rcu;
> > -
> > - init_completion(&rcu.completion);
> > - /* Will wake me after RCU finished */
> > - call_rcu(&rcu.head, wakeme_after_rcu);
> > -
> > - /* Wait for it */
> > - wait_for_completion(&rcu.completion);
> > -}
> > +synchronize_rcu_xxx(synchronize_rcu, call_rcu)
> > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_rcu);
> >
> > static void rcu_barrier_callback(struct rcu_head *notused)
> > diff -urpNa -X dontdiff linux-2.6.25-rc6/kernel/rcupreempt.c linux-2.6.25-rc6-C1-call_rcu_sched/kernel/rcupreempt.c
> > --- linux-2.6.25-rc6/kernel/rcupreempt.c 2008-03-16 17:45:17.000000000 -0700
> > +++ linux-2.6.25-rc6-C1-call_rcu_sched/kernel/rcupreempt.c 2008-03-21 12:44:24.000000000 -0700
> > @@ -46,6 +46,7 @@
> > #include <asm/atomic.h>
> > #include <linux/bitops.h>
> > #include <linux/module.h>
> > +#include <linux/kthread.h>
> > #include <linux/completion.h>
> > #include <linux/moduleparam.h>
> > #include <linux/percpu.h>
> > @@ -87,9 +88,14 @@ struct rcu_data {
> > struct rcu_head **nexttail;
> > struct rcu_head *waitlist[GP_STAGES];
> > struct rcu_head **waittail[GP_STAGES];
> > - struct rcu_head *donelist;
> > + struct rcu_head *donelist; /* from waitlist & waitschedlist */
> > struct rcu_head **donetail;
> > long rcu_flipctr[2];
> > + struct rcu_head *nextschedlist;
> > + struct rcu_head **nextschedtail;
> > + struct rcu_head *waitschedlist;
> > + struct rcu_head **waitschedtail;
> > + int rcu_sched_sleeping;
> > #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE
> > struct rcupreempt_trace trace;
> > #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE */
> > @@ -131,11 +137,24 @@ enum rcu_try_flip_states {
> > rcu_try_flip_waitmb_state,
> > };
> >
> > +/*
> > + * States for rcu_ctrlblk.rcu_sched_sleep.
> > + */
> > +
> > +enum rcu_sched_sleep_states {
> > + rcu_sched_not_sleeping, /* Not sleeping, callbacks need GP. */
> > + rcu_sched_sleep_prep, /* Thinking of sleeping, rechecking. */
> > + rcu_sched_sleeping, /* Sleeping, awaken if GP needed. */
> > +};
> > +
> > struct rcu_ctrlblk {
> > spinlock_t fliplock; /* Protect state-machine transitions. */
> > long completed; /* Number of last completed batch. */
> > enum rcu_try_flip_states rcu_try_flip_state; /* The current state of
> > the rcu state machine */
> > + spinlock_t schedlock; /* Protect rcu_sched sleep state. */
> > + enum rcu_sched_sleep_states sched_sleep; /* rcu_sched state. */
> > + wait_queue_head_t sched_wq; /* Place for rcu_sched to sleep. */
> > };
> >
> > static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_data, rcu_data);
> > @@ -143,8 +162,12 @@ static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_ctrlblk =
> > .fliplock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(rcu_ctrlblk.fliplock),
> > .completed = 0,
> > .rcu_try_flip_state = rcu_try_flip_idle_state,
> > + .schedlock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(rcu_ctrlblk.schedlock),
> > + .sched_sleep = rcu_sched_not_sleeping,
> > + .sched_wq = __WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER(rcu_ctrlblk.sched_wq),
> > };
> >
> > +static struct task_struct *rcu_sched_grace_period_task;
> >
> > #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE
> > static char *rcu_try_flip_state_names[] =
> > @@ -871,6 +894,8 @@ void rcu_offline_cpu(int cpu)
> > struct rcu_head *list = NULL;
> > unsigned long flags;
> > struct rcu_data *rdp = RCU_DATA_CPU(cpu);
> > + struct rcu_head *schedlist = NULL;
> > + struct rcu_head **schedtail = &schedlist;
> > struct rcu_head **tail = &list;
> >
> > /*
> > @@ -884,6 +909,11 @@ void rcu_offline_cpu(int cpu)
> > rcu_offline_cpu_enqueue(rdp->waitlist[i], rdp->waittail[i],
> > list, tail);
> > rcu_offline_cpu_enqueue(rdp->nextlist, rdp->nexttail, list, tail);
> > + rcu_offline_cpu_enqueue(rdp->waitschedlist, rdp->waitschedtail,
> > + schedlist, schedtail);
> > + rcu_offline_cpu_enqueue(rdp->nextschedlist, rdp->nextschedtail,
> > + schedlist, schedtail);
> > + rdp->rcu_sched_sleeping = 0;
> > spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp->lock, flags);
> > rdp->waitlistcount = 0;
> >
> > @@ -924,16 +954,35 @@ void rcu_offline_cpu(int cpu)
> > *rdp->nexttail = list;
> > if (list)
> > rdp->nexttail = tail;
> > + *rdp->nextschedtail = schedlist;
> > + if (schedlist)
> > + rdp->nextschedtail = schedtail;
> > spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp->lock, flags);
> > }
> >
> > void __devinit rcu_online_cpu(int cpu)
> > {
> > unsigned long flags;
> > + struct rcu_data *rdp;
> >
> > spin_lock_irqsave(&rcu_ctrlblk.fliplock, flags);
> > cpu_set(cpu, rcu_cpu_online_map);
> > spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rcu_ctrlblk.fliplock, flags);
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * The rcu_sched grace-period processing might have bypassed
> > + * this CPU, given that it was not in the rcu_cpu_online_map
> > + * when the grace-period scan started. This means that the
> > + * grace-period task might sleep. So make sure that if this
> > + * should happen, the first callback posted to this CPU will
> > + * wake up the grace-period task if need be.
> > + */
> > +
> > + local_irq_save(flags);
> > + rdp = RCU_DATA_ME();
> > + spin_lock(&rdp->lock);
> > + rdp->rcu_sched_sleeping = 1;
> > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp->lock, flags);
> > }
> >
> > #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */
> > @@ -993,26 +1042,214 @@ void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, voi
> > }
> > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu);
> >
> > +void call_rcu_sched(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu))
> > +{
> > + unsigned long flags;
> > + struct rcu_data *rdp;
> > + int wake_gp = 0;
> > +
> > + head->func = func;
> > + head->next = NULL;
> > + local_irq_save(flags);
> > + rdp = RCU_DATA_ME();
> > + spin_lock(&rdp->lock);
> > + *rdp->nextschedtail = head;
> > + rdp->nextschedtail = &head->next;
> > + if (rdp->rcu_sched_sleeping) {
> > +
> > + /* Grace-period processing might be sleeping... */
> > +
> > + rdp->rcu_sched_sleeping = 0;
> > + wake_gp = 1;
> > + }
> > + spin_unlock(&rdp->lock);
> > + local_irq_restore(flags);
> > + if (wake_gp) {
> > +
> > + /* Wake up grace-period processing, unless someone beat us. */
> > +
> > + spin_lock_irqsave(&rcu_ctrlblk.schedlock, flags);
> > + if (rcu_ctrlblk.sched_sleep != rcu_sched_sleeping)
> > + wake_gp = 0;
> > + rcu_ctrlblk.sched_sleep = rcu_sched_not_sleeping;
> > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rcu_ctrlblk.schedlock, flags);
> > + if (wake_gp)
> > + wake_up(&rcu_ctrlblk.sched_wq);
> > + }
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu_sched);
> > +
> > /*
> > * Wait until all currently running preempt_disable() code segments
> > * (including hardware-irq-disable segments) complete. Note that
> > * in -rt this does -not- necessarily result in all currently executing
> > * interrupt -handlers- having completed.
> > */
> > -void __synchronize_sched(void)
> > +synchronize_rcu_xxx(__synchronize_sched, call_rcu_sched)
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__synchronize_sched);
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * kthread function that manages call_rcu_sched grace periods.
> > + */
> > +static int
> > +rcu_sched_grace_period(void *arg)
> > {
> > - cpumask_t oldmask;
> > + int couldsleep; /* might sleep after current pass. */
> > + int couldsleepnext = 0; /* might sleep after next pass. */
> > int cpu;
> > + long err;
> > + unsigned long flags;
> > + int needsoftirq;
> > + struct rcu_data *rdp;
> >
> > - if (sched_getaffinity(0, &oldmask) < 0)
> > - oldmask = cpu_possible_map;
> > - for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
> > - sched_setaffinity(0, cpumask_of_cpu(cpu));
> > - schedule();
> > - }
> > - sched_setaffinity(0, oldmask);
> > + /*
> > + * Each pass through the following loop handles one
> > + * rcu_sched grace period cycle.
> > + */
> > +
> > + do {
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Sleep for about an RCU grace-period's worth to
> > + * allow better batching and to consume less CPU.
> > + */
> > +
> > + schedule_timeout_interruptible(HZ / 20);
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * If there was nothing to do last time, prepare to
> > + * sleep at the end of the current grace period cycle.
> > + */
> > +
> > + couldsleep = couldsleepnext;
> > + couldsleepnext = 1;
> > + if (couldsleep) {
> > + spin_lock_irqsave(&rcu_ctrlblk.schedlock, flags);
> > + rcu_ctrlblk.sched_sleep = rcu_sched_sleep_prep;
> > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rcu_ctrlblk.schedlock, flags);
> > + }
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Schedule on each CPU in turn, advancing callbacks
> > + * as we go. We will have visited each CPU between
> > + * the time we move a callback from the nextsched
> > + * list and the time we move that callback to the
> > + * done list. Now, a given CPU might come online
> > + * during that interval, but that means that it
> > + * was offline when we started, so we can safely
> > + * ignore it.
> > + */
> > +
> > + for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
> > +
> > +retry:
> > +
> > + /* Initialize and schedule onto current CPU. */
> > +
> > + needsoftirq = 0;
> > + err = sched_setaffinity(0, cpumask_of_cpu(cpu));
> > + if (err < 0) {
> > + printk(KERN_WARNING "sched_setaffinity(%d) error: %ld, cpu_is_offline: %ld\n", cpu, err, cpu_is_offline(cpu));
> > + schedule_timeout_interruptible(HZ);
> > + continue;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Get a reference to this CPU's rcu_data
> > + * structure, lock it, and verify that this
> > + * CPU is still online (skip it otherwise).
> > + */
> > +
> > + rdp = RCU_DATA_CPU(cpu);
> > + spin_lock_irqsave(&rdp->lock, flags);
> > + if (cpu_is_offline(cpu)) {
> > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp->lock, flags);
> > + continue;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * If we didn't end up on the CPU we expected
> > + * to, try again. This can happen if a CPU
> > + * goes offline before we attempt to schedule
> > + * on it, but comes back online before we get
> > + * to this check.
> > + */
> > +
> > + if (smp_processor_id() != cpu) {
> > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp->lock, flags);
> > + goto retry;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * We are running on the CPU irq-disabled, so it
> > + * cannot go offline until we re-enable irqs.
> > + *
> > + * Advance the callbacks! We share normal RCU's
> > + * donelist, since callbacks are invoked the
> > + * same way in either case.
> > + */
> > +
> > + if (rdp->waitschedlist != NULL) {
> > + *rdp->donetail = rdp->waitschedlist;
> > + rdp->donetail = rdp->waitschedtail;
> > + needsoftirq = 1;
> > + }
> > + if (rdp->nextschedlist != NULL) {
> > + rdp->waitschedlist = rdp->nextschedlist;
> > + rdp->waitschedtail = rdp->nextschedtail;
> > + couldsleep = 0;
> > + couldsleepnext = 0;
> > + } else {
> > + rdp->waitschedlist = NULL;
> > + rdp->waitschedtail = &rdp->waitschedlist;
> > + }
> > + rdp->nextschedlist = NULL;
> > + rdp->nextschedtail = &rdp->nextschedlist;
> > +
> > + /* Mark sleep intention. */
> > +
> > + rdp->rcu_sched_sleeping = couldsleep;
> > +
> > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp->lock, flags);
> > +
> > + /* If we added callbacks to donelist, process. */
> > +
> > + if (needsoftirq)
> > + raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* If we saw callbacks on the last scan, go deal with them. */
> > +
> > + if (!couldsleep)
> > + continue;
> > +
> > + /* Attempt to block... */
> > +
> > + spin_lock_irqsave(&rcu_ctrlblk.schedlock, flags);
> > + if (rcu_ctrlblk.sched_sleep != rcu_sched_sleep_prep) {
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Someone posted a callback after we scanned.
> > + * Go take care of it.
> > + */
> > +
> > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rcu_ctrlblk.schedlock, flags);
> > + couldsleepnext = 0;
> > + continue;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* Block until the next person posts a callback. */
> > +
> > + rcu_ctrlblk.sched_sleep = rcu_sched_sleeping;
> > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rcu_ctrlblk.schedlock, flags);
> > + __wait_event(rcu_ctrlblk.sched_wq,
> > + rcu_ctrlblk.sched_sleep != rcu_sched_sleeping);
> > + couldsleepnext = 0;
> > +
> > + } while (!kthread_should_stop());
> > +
> > + return (0);
> > }
> > -EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__synchronize_sched);
> >
> > /*
> > * Check to see if any future RCU-related work will need to be done
> > @@ -1107,6 +1344,11 @@ void __init __rcu_init(void)
> > rdp->donetail = &rdp->donelist;
> > rdp->rcu_flipctr[0] = 0;
> > rdp->rcu_flipctr[1] = 0;
> > + rdp->nextschedlist = NULL;
> > + rdp->nextschedtail = &rdp->nextschedlist;
> > + rdp->waitschedlist = NULL;
> > + rdp->waitschedtail = &rdp->waitschedlist;
> > + rdp->rcu_sched_sleeping = 0;
> > }
> > register_cpu_notifier(&rcu_nb);
> >
> > @@ -1129,6 +1371,18 @@ void __init __rcu_init(void)
> > }
> >
> > /*
> > + * Late-boot-time RCU initialization that must wait until after scheduler
> > + * has been initialized.
> > + */
> > +void __init rcu_init_sched(void)
> > +{
> > + rcu_sched_grace_period_task = kthread_run(rcu_sched_grace_period,
> > + NULL,
> > + "rcu_sched_grace_period");
> > + WARN_ON(IS_ERR(rcu_sched_grace_period_task));
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > * Deprecated, use synchronize_rcu() or synchronize_sched() instead.
> > */
> > void synchronize_kernel(void)
>
> --
> Mathieu Desnoyers
> Computer Engineering Ph.D. Student, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal
> OpenPGP key fingerprint: 8CD5 52C3 8E3C 4140 715F BA06 3F25 A8FE 3BAE 9A68


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