[lkml]   [2008]   [Mar]   [14]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
SubjectRe: - Discrepancy between running and on-disk kernels
On Fri, 14 Mar 2008 10:51:43 -0400
Yan <> wrote:

> Hello,
> I have been trying to compare the code from the on-disk compressed
> kernel that was booted and the running kernel extracted
> from /dev/kmem. I extracted the kernel's code from the disk image by
> stripping the head.S and similar and gunzipping it, and extracted the
> kernel from /dev/kmem by reading data between _text and _etext symbol
> offsets.
> I then ran both through a disassembler and diff'ed the outputs.
> Predictably, the disassembly was similar, but not identical. Some
> instructions (e.g. bts) had a 'lock' prefix, where as others had a
> 'nop' in its place.
> There were other differences with some instructions like mfence.
> Everything else matched just fine, the differences were mostly in
> memory-referencing instructions.
> My question is, what can be changing the kernel between being on
> static storage and being loaded?

the kernel code is self-patching, it gets modified to match your system
during boot time. So you cannot assume that the kernel on disk and the kernel
in memory are identical.
(Same goes for modules)

 \ /
  Last update: 2008-03-14 17:05    [W:0.025 / U:12.252 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site