lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2008]   [Mar]   [13]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
Subject[RFC] x86: bitops asm constraint fixes
This (simplified) piece of code didn't behave as expected due to
incorrect constraints in some of the bitops functions, when
X86_FEATURE_xxx is referring to other than the first long:

int test(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c) {
if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_xxx))
clear_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_xxx);
return cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_xxx);
}

I'd really like understand, though, what the policy of (not) having a
"memory" clobber in these operations is - currently, this appears to
be totally inconsistent. Also, many comments of the non-atomic
functions say those may also be re-ordered - this contradicts the use
of "asm volatile" in there, which again I'd like to understand.

As much as all of these, using 'int' for the 'nr' parameter and
'void *' for the 'addr' one is in conflict with
Documentation/atomic_ops.txt, especially because bt{,c,r,s} indeed
take the bit index as signed (which hence would really need special
precaution) and access the full 32 bits (if 'unsigned long' was used
properly here, 64 bits for x86-64) pointed at, so invalid uses like
referencing a 'char' array cannot currently be caught.

Finally, the code with and without this patch relies heavily on the
-fno-strict-aliasing compiler switch and I'm not certain this really
is a good idea.

In the light of all of this I'm sending this as RFC, as fixing the
above might warrant a much bigger patch...

Signed-off-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@novell.com>

---
include/asm-x86/bitops.h | 43 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------
1 file changed, 24 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)

--- linux-2.6.25-rc5/include/asm-x86/bitops.h 2008-03-10 13:24:33.000000000 +0100
+++ 2.6.25-rc5-x86-clear-bit/include/asm-x86/bitops.h 2008-03-13 08:45:40.000000000 +0100
@@ -24,9 +24,12 @@
/* Technically wrong, but this avoids compilation errors on some gcc
versions. */
#define ADDR "=m" (*(volatile long *) addr)
+#define BIT_ADDR "=m" (((volatile int *) addr)[nr >> 5])
#else
#define ADDR "+m" (*(volatile long *) addr)
+#define BIT_ADDR "+m" (((volatile int *) addr)[nr >> 5])
#endif
+#define BASE_ADDR "m" (*(volatile int *) addr)

/**
* set_bit - Atomically set a bit in memory
@@ -79,9 +82,8 @@ static inline void __set_bit(int nr, vol
*/
static inline void clear_bit(int nr, volatile void *addr)
{
- asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "btr %1,%0"
- : ADDR
- : "Ir" (nr));
+ asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "btr %1,%2"
+ : BIT_ADDR : "Ir" (nr), BASE_ADDR);
}

/*
@@ -100,7 +102,7 @@ static inline void clear_bit_unlock(unsi

static inline void __clear_bit(int nr, volatile void *addr)
{
- asm volatile("btr %1,%0" : ADDR : "Ir" (nr));
+ asm volatile("btr %1,%2" : BIT_ADDR : "Ir" (nr), BASE_ADDR);
}

/*
@@ -135,7 +137,7 @@ static inline void __clear_bit_unlock(un
*/
static inline void __change_bit(int nr, volatile void *addr)
{
- asm volatile("btc %1,%0" : ADDR : "Ir" (nr));
+ asm volatile("btc %1,%2" : BIT_ADDR : "Ir" (nr), BASE_ADDR);
}

/**
@@ -149,8 +151,8 @@ static inline void __change_bit(int nr,
*/
static inline void change_bit(int nr, volatile void *addr)
{
- asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "btc %1,%0"
- : ADDR : "Ir" (nr));
+ asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "btc %1,%2"
+ : BIT_ADDR : "Ir" (nr), BASE_ADDR);
}

/**
@@ -198,10 +200,10 @@ static inline int __test_and_set_bit(int
{
int oldbit;

- asm("bts %2,%1\n\t"
- "sbb %0,%0"
- : "=r" (oldbit), ADDR
- : "Ir" (nr));
+ asm volatile("bts %2,%3\n\t"
+ "sbb %0,%0"
+ : "=r" (oldbit), BIT_ADDR
+ : "Ir" (nr), BASE_ADDR);
return oldbit;
}

@@ -238,10 +240,10 @@ static inline int __test_and_clear_bit(i
{
int oldbit;

- asm volatile("btr %2,%1\n\t"
+ asm volatile("btr %2,%3\n\t"
"sbb %0,%0"
- : "=r" (oldbit), ADDR
- : "Ir" (nr));
+ : "=r" (oldbit), BIT_ADDR
+ : "Ir" (nr), BASE_ADDR);
return oldbit;
}

@@ -250,10 +252,10 @@ static inline int __test_and_change_bit(
{
int oldbit;

- asm volatile("btc %2,%1\n\t"
+ asm volatile("btc %2,%3\n\t"
"sbb %0,%0"
- : "=r" (oldbit), ADDR
- : "Ir" (nr) : "memory");
+ : "=r" (oldbit), BIT_ADDR
+ : "Ir" (nr), BASE_ADDR);

return oldbit;
}
@@ -288,10 +290,11 @@ static inline int variable_test_bit(int
{
int oldbit;

- asm volatile("bt %2,%1\n\t"
+ asm volatile("bt %2,%3\n\t"
"sbb %0,%0"
: "=r" (oldbit)
- : "m" (*(unsigned long *)addr), "Ir" (nr));
+ : "m" (((volatile const int *)addr)[nr >> 5]),
+ "Ir" (nr), BASE_ADDR);

return oldbit;
}
@@ -310,6 +313,8 @@ static int test_bit(int nr, const volati
constant_test_bit((nr),(addr)) : \
variable_test_bit((nr),(addr)))

+#undef BASE_ADDR
+#undef BIT_ADDR
#undef ADDR

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32



\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2008-03-13 10:11    [W:0.071 / U:4.956 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site