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    Subject[PATCH] [4/7] Don't use large pages to map the first 2/4MB of memory
    Date

    Intel recommends to not use large pages for the first 1MB
    of the physical memory because there are fixed size MTRRs there
    which cause splitups in the TLBs.

    On AMD doing so is also a good idea.

    The implementation is a little different between 32bit and 64bit.
    On 32bit I just taught the initial page table set up about this
    because it was very simple to do. This also has the advantage
    that the risk of a prefetch ever seeing the page even
    if it only exists for a short time is minimized.

    On 64bit that is not quite possible, so use set_memory_4k() a little
    later (in check_bugs) instead.

    Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>

    ---
    arch/x86/kernel/bugs_64.c | 12 ++++++++++++
    arch/x86/mm/init_32.c | 6 +++++-
    2 files changed, 17 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

    Index: linux/arch/x86/kernel/bugs_64.c
    ===================================================================
    --- linux.orig/arch/x86/kernel/bugs_64.c
    +++ linux/arch/x86/kernel/bugs_64.c
    @@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
    #include <asm/bugs.h>
    #include <asm/processor.h>
    #include <asm/mtrr.h>
    +#include <asm/cacheflush.h>

    void __init check_bugs(void)
    {
    @@ -18,4 +19,15 @@ void __init check_bugs(void)
    print_cpu_info(&boot_cpu_data);
    #endif
    alternative_instructions();
    +
    + /*
    + * Make sure the first 2MB area is not mapped by huge pages
    + * There are typically fixed size MTRRs in there and overlapping
    + * MTRRs into large pages causes slow downs.
    + *
    + * Right now we don't do that with gbpages because there seems
    + * very little benefit for that case.
    + */
    + if (!direct_gbpages)
    + set_memory_4k((unsigned long)__va(0), 1);
    }
    Index: linux/arch/x86/mm/init_32.c
    ===================================================================
    --- linux.orig/arch/x86/mm/init_32.c
    +++ linux/arch/x86/mm/init_32.c
    @@ -181,8 +181,13 @@ static void __init kernel_physical_mappi
    /*
    * Map with big pages if possible, otherwise
    * create normal page tables:
    + *
    + * Don't use a large page for the first 2/4MB of memory
    + * because there are often fixed size MTRRs in there
    + * and overlapping MTRRs into large pages can cause
    + * slowdowns.
    */
    - if (cpu_has_pse) {
    + if (cpu_has_pse && !(pgd_idx == 0 && pmd_idx == 0)) {
    unsigned int addr2;
    pgprot_t prot = PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE;


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