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SubjectIO queuing and complete affinity with threads (was Re: [PATCH 0/8] IO queuing and complete affinity)
Hi,

Here's a variant using kernel threads only, the nasty arch bits are then
not needed. Works for me, no performance testing (that's a hint for Alan
to try and queue up some testing for this variant as well :-)

--
Jens Axboe

From b76144d3b3be91c691717e222f92747c0cbb8d5c Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
Date: Mon, 4 Feb 2008 21:26:42 +0100
Subject: [PATCH] block: split softirq handling into blk-softirq.c

Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
---
block/Makefile | 3 +-
block/blk-core.c | 88 -------------------------------------------
block/blk-softirq.c | 103 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 105 insertions(+), 89 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 block/blk-softirq.c
diff --git a/block/Makefile b/block/Makefile
index 5a43c7d..b064190 100644
--- a/block/Makefile
+++ b/block/Makefile
@@ -4,7 +4,8 @@

obj-$(CONFIG_BLOCK) := elevator.o blk-core.o blk-tag.o blk-sysfs.o \
blk-barrier.o blk-settings.o blk-ioc.o blk-map.o \
- blk-exec.o blk-merge.o ioctl.o genhd.o scsi_ioctl.o
+ blk-exec.o blk-merge.o blk-softirq.o ioctl.o genhd.o \
+ scsi_ioctl.o

obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_BSG) += bsg.o
obj-$(CONFIG_IOSCHED_NOOP) += noop-iosched.o
diff --git a/block/blk-core.c b/block/blk-core.c
index 4afb39c..11d79f6 100644
--- a/block/blk-core.c
+++ b/block/blk-core.c
@@ -26,8 +26,6 @@
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/task_io_accounting_ops.h>
-#include <linux/interrupt.h>
-#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/blktrace_api.h>
#include <linux/fault-inject.h>

@@ -50,8 +48,6 @@ struct kmem_cache *blk_requestq_cachep;
*/
static struct workqueue_struct *kblockd_workqueue;

-static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct list_head, blk_cpu_done);
-
static void drive_stat_acct(struct request *rq, int new_io)
{
int rw = rq_data_dir(rq);
@@ -1605,82 +1601,6 @@ static int __end_that_request_first(struct request *req, int error,
}

/*
- * splice the completion data to a local structure and hand off to
- * process_completion_queue() to complete the requests
- */
-static void blk_done_softirq(struct softirq_action *h)
-{
- struct list_head *cpu_list, local_list;
-
- local_irq_disable();
- cpu_list = &__get_cpu_var(blk_cpu_done);
- list_replace_init(cpu_list, &local_list);
- local_irq_enable();
-
- while (!list_empty(&local_list)) {
- struct request *rq;
-
- rq = list_entry(local_list.next, struct request, donelist);
- list_del_init(&rq->donelist);
- rq->q->softirq_done_fn(rq);
- }
-}
-
-static int __cpuinit blk_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
- unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
-{
- /*
- * If a CPU goes away, splice its entries to the current CPU
- * and trigger a run of the softirq
- */
- if (action == CPU_DEAD || action == CPU_DEAD_FROZEN) {
- int cpu = (unsigned long) hcpu;
-
- local_irq_disable();
- list_splice_init(&per_cpu(blk_cpu_done, cpu),
- &__get_cpu_var(blk_cpu_done));
- raise_softirq_irqoff(BLOCK_SOFTIRQ);
- local_irq_enable();
- }
-
- return NOTIFY_OK;
-}
-
-
-static struct notifier_block blk_cpu_notifier __cpuinitdata = {
- .notifier_call = blk_cpu_notify,
-};
-
-/**
- * blk_complete_request - end I/O on a request
- * @req: the request being processed
- *
- * Description:
- * Ends all I/O on a request. It does not handle partial completions,
- * unless the driver actually implements this in its completion callback
- * through requeueing. The actual completion happens out-of-order,
- * through a softirq handler. The user must have registered a completion
- * callback through blk_queue_softirq_done().
- **/
-
-void blk_complete_request(struct request *req)
-{
- struct list_head *cpu_list;
- unsigned long flags;
-
- BUG_ON(!req->q->softirq_done_fn);
-
- local_irq_save(flags);
-
- cpu_list = &__get_cpu_var(blk_cpu_done);
- list_add_tail(&req->donelist, cpu_list);
- raise_softirq_irqoff(BLOCK_SOFTIRQ);
-
- local_irq_restore(flags);
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_complete_request);
-
-/*
* queue lock must be held
*/
static void end_that_request_last(struct request *req, int error)
@@ -2004,8 +1924,6 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(kblockd_flush_work);

int __init blk_dev_init(void)
{
- int i;
-
kblockd_workqueue = create_workqueue("kblockd");
if (!kblockd_workqueue)
panic("Failed to create kblockd\n");
@@ -2016,12 +1934,6 @@ int __init blk_dev_init(void)
blk_requestq_cachep = kmem_cache_create("blkdev_queue",
sizeof(struct request_queue), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL);

- for_each_possible_cpu(i)
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&per_cpu(blk_cpu_done, i));
-
- open_softirq(BLOCK_SOFTIRQ, blk_done_softirq, NULL);
- register_hotcpu_notifier(&blk_cpu_notifier);
-
return 0;
}

diff --git a/block/blk-softirq.c b/block/blk-softirq.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..05f9451
--- /dev/null
+++ b/block/blk-softirq.c
@@ -0,0 +1,103 @@
+/*
+ * Functions related to softirq rq completions
+ */
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/bio.h>
+#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/cpu.h>
+
+#include "blk.h"
+
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct list_head, blk_cpu_done);
+
+static int __cpuinit blk_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
+ unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
+{
+ /*
+ * If a CPU goes away, splice its entries to the current CPU
+ * and trigger a run of the softirq
+ */
+ if (action == CPU_DEAD || action == CPU_DEAD_FROZEN) {
+ int cpu = (unsigned long) hcpu;
+
+ local_irq_disable();
+ list_splice_init(&per_cpu(blk_cpu_done, cpu),
+ &__get_cpu_var(blk_cpu_done));
+ raise_softirq_irqoff(BLOCK_SOFTIRQ);
+ local_irq_enable();
+ }
+
+ return NOTIFY_OK;
+}
+
+
+static struct notifier_block blk_cpu_notifier __cpuinitdata = {
+ .notifier_call = blk_cpu_notify,
+};
+
+/*
+ * splice the completion data to a local structure and hand off to
+ * process_completion_queue() to complete the requests
+ */
+static void blk_done_softirq(struct softirq_action *h)
+{
+ struct list_head *cpu_list, local_list;
+
+ local_irq_disable();
+ cpu_list = &__get_cpu_var(blk_cpu_done);
+ list_replace_init(cpu_list, &local_list);
+ local_irq_enable();
+
+ while (!list_empty(&local_list)) {
+ struct request *rq;
+
+ rq = list_entry(local_list.next, struct request, donelist);
+ list_del_init(&rq->donelist);
+ rq->q->softirq_done_fn(rq);
+ }
+}
+
+/**
+ * blk_complete_request - end I/O on a request
+ * @req: the request being processed
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * Ends all I/O on a request. It does not handle partial completions,
+ * unless the driver actually implements this in its completion callback
+ * through requeueing. The actual completion happens out-of-order,
+ * through a softirq handler. The user must have registered a completion
+ * callback through blk_queue_softirq_done().
+ **/
+
+void blk_complete_request(struct request *req)
+{
+ struct list_head *cpu_list;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ BUG_ON(!req->q->softirq_done_fn);
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+
+ cpu_list = &__get_cpu_var(blk_cpu_done);
+ list_add_tail(&req->donelist, cpu_list);
+ raise_softirq_irqoff(BLOCK_SOFTIRQ);
+
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_complete_request);
+
+int __init blk_softirq_init(void)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(i)
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&per_cpu(blk_cpu_done, i));
+
+ open_softirq(BLOCK_SOFTIRQ, blk_done_softirq, NULL);
+ register_hotcpu_notifier(&blk_cpu_notifier);
+ return 0;
+}
+subsys_initcall(blk_softirq_init);
--
1.5.4.rc5.5.gab98
From 5a4876f8d06451b2fd41f617b773488030772362 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
Date: Thu, 7 Feb 2008 19:14:05 +0100
Subject: [PATCH] Add interface for queuing work on a specific CPU

Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
---
include/linux/workqueue.h | 2 ++
kernel/workqueue.c | 33 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
2 files changed, 28 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
diff --git a/include/linux/workqueue.h b/include/linux/workqueue.h
index 7f28c32..53c45c4 100644
--- a/include/linux/workqueue.h
+++ b/include/linux/workqueue.h
@@ -179,6 +179,8 @@ __create_workqueue_key(const char *name, int singlethread,
extern void destroy_workqueue(struct workqueue_struct *wq);

extern int FASTCALL(queue_work(struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct work_struct *work));
+extern int queue_work_on_cpu(struct workqueue_struct *wq,
+ struct work_struct *work, int cpu);
extern int FASTCALL(queue_delayed_work(struct workqueue_struct *wq,
struct delayed_work *work, unsigned long delay));
extern int queue_delayed_work_on(int cpu, struct workqueue_struct *wq,
diff --git a/kernel/workqueue.c b/kernel/workqueue.c
index 52db48e..96dd90e 100644
--- a/kernel/workqueue.c
+++ b/kernel/workqueue.c
@@ -152,25 +152,44 @@ static void __queue_work(struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq,
}

/**
- * queue_work - queue work on a workqueue
+ * queue_work_on_cpu - queue work on a workqueue on a specific CPU
* @wq: workqueue to use
* @work: work to queue
+ * @cpu: cpu to queue the work on
*
* Returns 0 if @work was already on a queue, non-zero otherwise.
- *
- * We queue the work to the CPU it was submitted, but there is no
- * guarantee that it will be processed by that CPU.
*/
-int fastcall queue_work(struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct work_struct *work)
+int queue_work_on_cpu(struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct work_struct *work,
+ int cpu)
{
int ret = 0;

if (!test_and_set_bit(WORK_STRUCT_PENDING, work_data_bits(work))) {
BUG_ON(!list_empty(&work->entry));
- __queue_work(wq_per_cpu(wq, get_cpu()), work);
- put_cpu();
+ __queue_work(wq_per_cpu(wq, cpu), work);
ret = 1;
}
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(queue_work_on_cpu);
+
+/**
+ * queue_work - queue work on a workqueue
+ * @wq: workqueue to use
+ * @work: work to queue
+ *
+ * Returns 0 if @work was already on a queue, non-zero otherwise.
+ *
+ * We queue the work to the CPU it was submitted, but there is no
+ * guarantee that it will be processed by that CPU.
+ */
+int fastcall queue_work(struct workqueue_struct *wq, struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = queue_work_on_cpu(wq, work, get_cpu());
+ put_cpu();
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(queue_work);
--
1.5.4.rc5.5.gab98
From eb9a144bd0b44987ce51eb3ac699adae5a36c847 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
Date: Thu, 7 Feb 2008 09:37:32 +0100
Subject: [PATCH] block: make kblockd_schedule_work() take the queue as parameter

Preparatory patch for checking queuing affinity.

Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
---
block/as-iosched.c | 6 +++---
block/blk-core.c | 8 ++++----
block/cfq-iosched.c | 2 +-
include/linux/blkdev.h | 2 +-
4 files changed, 9 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
diff --git a/block/as-iosched.c b/block/as-iosched.c
index 8c39467..6ef766f 100644
--- a/block/as-iosched.c
+++ b/block/as-iosched.c
@@ -450,7 +450,7 @@ static void as_antic_stop(struct as_data *ad)
del_timer(&ad->antic_timer);
ad->antic_status = ANTIC_FINISHED;
/* see as_work_handler */
- kblockd_schedule_work(&ad->antic_work);
+ kblockd_schedule_work(ad->q, &ad->antic_work);
}
}

@@ -471,7 +471,7 @@ static void as_antic_timeout(unsigned long data)
aic = ad->io_context->aic;

ad->antic_status = ANTIC_FINISHED;
- kblockd_schedule_work(&ad->antic_work);
+ kblockd_schedule_work(q, &ad->antic_work);

if (aic->ttime_samples == 0) {
/* process anticipated on has exited or timed out*/
@@ -831,7 +831,7 @@ static void as_completed_request(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq)
}

if (ad->changed_batch && ad->nr_dispatched == 1) {
- kblockd_schedule_work(&ad->antic_work);
+ kblockd_schedule_work(q, &ad->antic_work);
ad->changed_batch = 0;

if (ad->batch_data_dir == REQ_SYNC)
diff --git a/block/blk-core.c b/block/blk-core.c
index 11d79f6..34a475b 100644
--- a/block/blk-core.c
+++ b/block/blk-core.c
@@ -282,7 +282,7 @@ void blk_unplug_timeout(unsigned long data)
blk_add_trace_pdu_int(q, BLK_TA_UNPLUG_TIMER, NULL,
q->rq.count[READ] + q->rq.count[WRITE]);

- kblockd_schedule_work(&q->unplug_work);
+ kblockd_schedule_work(q, &q->unplug_work);
}

void blk_unplug(struct request_queue *q)
@@ -323,7 +323,7 @@ void blk_start_queue(struct request_queue *q)
clear_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_REENTER, &q->queue_flags);
} else {
blk_plug_device(q);
- kblockd_schedule_work(&q->unplug_work);
+ kblockd_schedule_work(q, &q->unplug_work);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_start_queue);
@@ -391,7 +391,7 @@ void blk_run_queue(struct request_queue *q)
clear_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_REENTER, &q->queue_flags);
} else {
blk_plug_device(q);
- kblockd_schedule_work(&q->unplug_work);
+ kblockd_schedule_work(q, &q->unplug_work);
}
}

@@ -1910,7 +1910,7 @@ void blk_rq_bio_prep(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq,
rq->rq_disk = bio->bi_bdev->bd_disk;
}

-int kblockd_schedule_work(struct work_struct *work)
+int kblockd_schedule_work(struct request_queue *q, struct work_struct *work)
{
return queue_work(kblockd_workqueue, work);
}
diff --git a/block/cfq-iosched.c b/block/cfq-iosched.c
index ca198e6..91d1126 100644
--- a/block/cfq-iosched.c
+++ b/block/cfq-iosched.c
@@ -235,7 +235,7 @@ static inline int cfq_bio_sync(struct bio *bio)
static inline void cfq_schedule_dispatch(struct cfq_data *cfqd)
{
if (cfqd->busy_queues)
- kblockd_schedule_work(&cfqd->unplug_work);
+ kblockd_schedule_work(cfqd->queue, &cfqd->unplug_work);
}

static int cfq_queue_empty(struct request_queue *q)
diff --git a/include/linux/blkdev.h b/include/linux/blkdev.h
index 90392a9..5e43772 100644
--- a/include/linux/blkdev.h
+++ b/include/linux/blkdev.h
@@ -803,7 +803,7 @@ static inline void put_dev_sector(Sector p)
}

struct work_struct;
-int kblockd_schedule_work(struct work_struct *work);
+int kblockd_schedule_work(struct request_queue *q, struct work_struct *work);
void kblockd_flush_work(struct work_struct *work);

#define MODULE_ALIAS_BLOCKDEV(major,minor) \
--
1.5.4.rc5.5.gab98
From 43e7930bd3d4a997886c1a483031fa57c41c893c Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
Date: Thu, 7 Feb 2008 19:17:30 +0100
Subject: [PATCH] block: add test code for testing CPU affinity

Supports several modes:

- Force IO queue affinity to a specific mask of CPUs
- Force IO completion affinity to a specific mask of CPUs
- Force completion of a request on the same CPU that queued it

Test code so far, this variant being based on removing the block softirq
completion and moving post-processing to a per-cpu kernel thread.

Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
---
block/blk-core.c | 80 +++++++++++------
block/blk-settings.c | 47 ++++++++++
block/blk-softirq.c | 233 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
block/blk-sysfs.c | 85 ++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/blkdev.h | 8 ++
5 files changed, 384 insertions(+), 69 deletions(-)
diff --git a/block/blk-core.c b/block/blk-core.c
index 34a475b..bda4623 100644
--- a/block/blk-core.c
+++ b/block/blk-core.c
@@ -103,6 +103,7 @@ void rq_init(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq)
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rq->queuelist);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rq->donelist);

+ rq->cpu = -1;
rq->errors = 0;
rq->bio = rq->biotail = NULL;
INIT_HLIST_NODE(&rq->hash);
@@ -180,6 +181,11 @@ void blk_dump_rq_flags(struct request *rq, char *msg)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_dump_rq_flags);

+static inline int blk_is_io_cpu(struct request_queue *q)
+{
+ return cpu_isset(smp_processor_id(), q->queue_cpu);
+}
+
/*
* "plug" the device if there are no outstanding requests: this will
* force the transfer to start only after we have put all the requests
@@ -200,6 +206,10 @@ void blk_plug_device(struct request_queue *q)
return;

if (!test_and_set_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_PLUGGED, &q->queue_flags)) {
+ /*
+ * no need to care about the io cpu here, since the
+ * timeout handler needs to punt to kblockd anyway
+ */
mod_timer(&q->unplug_timer, jiffies + q->unplug_delay);
blk_add_trace_generic(q, NULL, 0, BLK_TA_PLUG);
}
@@ -299,6 +309,22 @@ void blk_unplug(struct request_queue *q)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_unplug);

+static void blk_invoke_request_fn(struct request_queue *q)
+{
+ /*
+ * one level of recursion is ok and is much faster than kicking
+ * the unplug handling
+ */
+ if (blk_is_io_cpu(q) &&
+ !test_and_set_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_REENTER, &q->queue_flags)) {
+ q->request_fn(q);
+ clear_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_REENTER, &q->queue_flags);
+ } else {
+ set_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_PLUGGED, &q->queue_flags);
+ kblockd_schedule_work(q, &q->unplug_work);
+ }
+}
+
/**
* blk_start_queue - restart a previously stopped queue
* @q: The &struct request_queue in question
@@ -313,18 +339,7 @@ void blk_start_queue(struct request_queue *q)
WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled());

clear_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_STOPPED, &q->queue_flags);
-
- /*
- * one level of recursion is ok and is much faster than kicking
- * the unplug handling
- */
- if (!test_and_set_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_REENTER, &q->queue_flags)) {
- q->request_fn(q);
- clear_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_REENTER, &q->queue_flags);
- } else {
- blk_plug_device(q);
- kblockd_schedule_work(q, &q->unplug_work);
- }
+ blk_invoke_request_fn(q);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_start_queue);

@@ -381,19 +396,8 @@ void blk_run_queue(struct request_queue *q)
spin_lock_irqsave(q->queue_lock, flags);
blk_remove_plug(q);

- /*
- * Only recurse once to avoid overrunning the stack, let the unplug
- * handling reinvoke the handler shortly if we already got there.
- */
- if (!elv_queue_empty(q)) {
- if (!test_and_set_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_REENTER, &q->queue_flags)) {
- q->request_fn(q);
- clear_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_REENTER, &q->queue_flags);
- } else {
- blk_plug_device(q);
- kblockd_schedule_work(q, &q->unplug_work);
- }
- }
+ if (!elv_queue_empty(q))
+ blk_invoke_request_fn(q);

spin_unlock_irqrestore(q->queue_lock, flags);
}
@@ -453,6 +457,9 @@ struct request_queue *blk_alloc_queue_node(gfp_t gfp_mask, int node_id)
if (!q)
return NULL;

+ cpus_setall(q->queue_cpu);
+ cpus_setall(q->complete_cpu);
+ q->force_same_complete = 0;
q->backing_dev_info.unplug_io_fn = blk_backing_dev_unplug;
q->backing_dev_info.unplug_io_data = q;
err = bdi_init(&q->backing_dev_info);
@@ -857,7 +864,10 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_get_request);
*/
void blk_start_queueing(struct request_queue *q)
{
- if (!blk_queue_plugged(q))
+ if (!blk_is_io_cpu(q)) {
+ set_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_PLUGGED, &q->queue_flags);
+ kblockd_schedule_work(q, &q->unplug_work);
+ } else if (!blk_queue_plugged(q))
q->request_fn(q);
else
__generic_unplug_device(q);
@@ -1160,13 +1170,18 @@ get_rq:
init_request_from_bio(req, bio);

spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+ if (q->force_same_complete)
+ req->cpu = smp_processor_id();
if (elv_queue_empty(q))
blk_plug_device(q);
add_request(q, req);
out:
if (sync)
__generic_unplug_device(q);
-
+ if (cpu_isset(smp_processor_id(), q->queue_cpu))
+ q->local_queue++;
+ else
+ q->remote_queue++;
spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
return 0;

@@ -1912,7 +1927,16 @@ void blk_rq_bio_prep(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq,

int kblockd_schedule_work(struct request_queue *q, struct work_struct *work)
{
- return queue_work(kblockd_workqueue, work);
+ int cpu;
+
+ if (blk_is_io_cpu(q))
+ return queue_work(kblockd_workqueue, work);
+
+ /*
+ * would need to be improved, of course...
+ */
+ cpu = first_cpu(q->queue_cpu);
+ return queue_work_on_cpu(kblockd_workqueue, work, cpu);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kblockd_schedule_work);

diff --git a/block/blk-settings.c b/block/blk-settings.c
index c8d0c57..2126139 100644
--- a/block/blk-settings.c
+++ b/block/blk-settings.c
@@ -386,6 +386,53 @@ void blk_queue_update_dma_alignment(struct request_queue *q, int mask)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_update_dma_alignment);

+static int blk_queue_set_cpumask(cpumask_t *cpumask, int cpu)
+{
+ if (cpu == -1)
+ cpus_setall(*cpumask);
+ else if (!cpu_isset(cpu, cpu_possible_map)) {
+ cpus_setall(*cpumask);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ } else {
+ cpus_clear(*cpumask);
+ cpu_set(cpu, *cpumask);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * blk_queue_set_completion_cpu - Set IO CPU for completions
+ * @q: the request queue for the device
+ * @cpu: cpu
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * This function allows a driver to set a CPU that should handle completions
+ * for this device.
+ *
+ **/
+int blk_queue_set_completion_cpu(struct request_queue *q, int cpu)
+{
+ return blk_queue_set_cpumask(&q->complete_cpu, cpu);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_set_completion_cpu);
+
+/**
+ * blk_queue_set_queue_cpu - Set IO CPU for queuing
+ * @q: the request queue for the device
+ * @cpu: cpu
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * This function allows a driver to set a CPU that should handle queuing
+ * for this device.
+ *
+ **/
+int blk_queue_set_queue_cpu(struct request_queue *q, int cpu)
+{
+ return blk_queue_set_cpumask(&q->queue_cpu, cpu);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_set_queue_cpu);
+
int __init blk_settings_init(void)
{
blk_max_low_pfn = max_low_pfn - 1;
diff --git a/block/blk-softirq.c b/block/blk-softirq.c
index 05f9451..52bcddb 100644
--- a/block/blk-softirq.c
+++ b/block/blk-softirq.c
@@ -7,59 +7,177 @@
#include <linux/bio.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>

#include "blk.h"

-static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct list_head, blk_cpu_done);
+struct blk_comp {
+ spinlock_t lock;
+ struct list_head list;
+ struct task_struct *task;
+};
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct blk_comp, blk_irq_data);

-static int __cpuinit blk_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
- unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
+static void raise_blk_irq(int cpu)
{
- /*
- * If a CPU goes away, splice its entries to the current CPU
- * and trigger a run of the softirq
- */
- if (action == CPU_DEAD || action == CPU_DEAD_FROZEN) {
- int cpu = (unsigned long) hcpu;
+ wake_up_process(per_cpu(blk_irq_data, cpu).task);
+}

- local_irq_disable();
- list_splice_init(&per_cpu(blk_cpu_done, cpu),
- &__get_cpu_var(blk_cpu_done));
- raise_softirq_irqoff(BLOCK_SOFTIRQ);
- local_irq_enable();
+static void blk_done_softirq(struct list_head *list)
+{
+ while (!list_empty(list)) {
+ struct request *rq;
+
+ rq = list_entry(list->next, struct request, donelist);
+ list_del_init(&rq->donelist);
+ rq->q->softirq_done_fn(rq);
}
+}

- return NOTIFY_OK;
+static inline int work_in_list(struct list_head *list)
+{
+ /*
+ * should be safe to test without holding the lock, as long as
+ * we have an smp memory barrier before checking
+ */
+ smp_mb();
+ return !list_empty(list);
}

+/*
+ * sit idle until being woken up, then check the per-cpu list for
+ * work to do and hand that off to the queue specific completion function
+ */
+static int blk_irq_thread(void *data)
+{
+ struct sched_param param = { .sched_priority = MAX_USER_RT_PRIO / 2 };
+ struct blk_comp *bc = data;
+
+ sched_setscheduler(current, SCHED_FIFO, &param);
+ set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
+
+ while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
+ LIST_HEAD(local_list);
+
+ preempt_disable();
+ if (!work_in_list(&bc->list)) {
+ preempt_enable_no_resched();
+ schedule();
+ preempt_disable();
+ }
+
+ __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
+
+ while (work_in_list(&bc->list)) {
+ spin_lock_irq(&bc->lock);
+ list_replace_init(&bc->list, &local_list);
+ spin_unlock_irq(&bc->lock);
+
+ preempt_enable();
+ blk_done_softirq(&local_list);
+ preempt_disable();
+ }
+ preempt_enable();
+ set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
+ }

-static struct notifier_block blk_cpu_notifier __cpuinitdata = {
- .notifier_call = blk_cpu_notify,
-};
+ __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
+ return 0;
+}

/*
- * splice the completion data to a local structure and hand off to
- * process_completion_queue() to complete the requests
+ * Create CPU private kernel thread and init associated structures
*/
-static void blk_done_softirq(struct softirq_action *h)
+static int create_blk_irq_thread(int cpu)
{
- struct list_head *cpu_list, local_list;
+ struct blk_comp *bc = &per_cpu(blk_irq_data, cpu);
+ struct task_struct *task;

- local_irq_disable();
- cpu_list = &__get_cpu_var(blk_cpu_done);
- list_replace_init(cpu_list, &local_list);
- local_irq_enable();
+ spin_lock_init(&bc->lock);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bc->list);
+ bc->task = NULL;

- while (!list_empty(&local_list)) {
- struct request *rq;
+ task = kthread_create(blk_irq_thread, bc, "blk-irq-%d", cpu);
+ if (IS_ERR(task)) {
+ printk("block: irq thread creation failed\n");
+ return 1;
+ }

- rq = list_entry(local_list.next, struct request, donelist);
- list_del_init(&rq->donelist);
- rq->q->softirq_done_fn(rq);
+ kthread_bind(task, cpu);
+ bc->task = task;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int __cpuinit blk_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
+ unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
+{
+ int cpu = (unsigned long) hcpu;
+ struct task_struct *task;
+ struct blk_comp *bc;
+
+ switch (action) {
+ case CPU_UP_PREPARE:
+ case CPU_UP_PREPARE_FROZEN:
+ bc = &per_cpu(blk_irq_data, cpu);
+ if (bc->task) {
+ printk("blk: task for %d already there\n", cpu);
+ break;
+ }
+ if (create_blk_irq_thread(cpu))
+ return NOTIFY_BAD;
+ break;
+ case CPU_ONLINE:
+ case CPU_ONLINE_FROZEN:
+ raise_blk_irq(cpu);
+ break;
+ case CPU_UP_CANCELED:
+ case CPU_UP_CANCELED_FROZEN:
+ bc = &per_cpu(blk_irq_data, cpu);
+ if (!bc->task);
+ break;
+ kthread_bind(bc->task, any_online_cpu(cpu_online_map));
+ /*
+ * fall through to splice and kill of task
+ */
+ case CPU_DEAD:
+ case CPU_DEAD_FROZEN: {
+ /*
+ * If a CPU goes away, splice its entries to the current CPU
+ * and trigger a run of the softirq
+ */
+ struct sched_param param;
+ struct blk_comp *dead;
+
+ local_irq_disable();
+ bc = &__get_cpu_var(blk_irq_data);
+ dead = &per_cpu(blk_irq_data, cpu);
+ double_spin_lock(&bc->lock, &dead->lock, bc < dead);
+ list_splice_init(&dead->list, &bc->list);
+ double_spin_unlock(&bc->lock, &dead->lock, bc < dead);
+
+ /*
+ * stop thread
+ */
+ param.sched_priority = MAX_RT_PRIO - 1;
+ task = dead->task;
+ sched_setscheduler(task, SCHED_FIFO, &param);
+ dead->task = NULL;
+ raise_blk_irq(smp_processor_id());
+ local_irq_enable();
+ kthread_stop(task);
+ break;
+ }
}
+
+ return NOTIFY_OK;
}

+static struct notifier_block __cpuinitdata blk_cpu_notifier = {
+ .notifier_call = blk_cpu_notify,
+};
+
/**
* blk_complete_request - end I/O on a request
* @req: the request being processed
@@ -71,32 +189,65 @@ static void blk_done_softirq(struct softirq_action *h)
* through a softirq handler. The user must have registered a completion
* callback through blk_queue_softirq_done().
**/
-
void blk_complete_request(struct request *req)
{
- struct list_head *cpu_list;
+ int ccpu, cpu, was_empty;
+ struct request_queue *q = req->q;
+ struct blk_comp *bc;
unsigned long flags;

- BUG_ON(!req->q->softirq_done_fn);
+ BUG_ON(!q->softirq_done_fn);

local_irq_save(flags);
+ cpu = smp_processor_id();
+
+ if (q->force_same_complete && req->cpu != -1)
+ ccpu = req->cpu;
+ else if (cpu_isset(cpu, q->complete_cpu))
+ ccpu = cpu;
+ else
+ ccpu = first_cpu(q->complete_cpu);
+
+ if (ccpu == cpu) {
+is_dead:
+ bc = &__get_cpu_var(blk_irq_data);
+ q->local_complete++;
+ } else {
+ bc = &per_cpu(blk_irq_data, ccpu);
+ if (unlikely(!bc->task)) {
+ ccpu = cpu;
+ goto is_dead;
+ }
+
+ q->remote_complete++;
+ }

- cpu_list = &__get_cpu_var(blk_cpu_done);
- list_add_tail(&req->donelist, cpu_list);
- raise_softirq_irqoff(BLOCK_SOFTIRQ);
+ spin_lock(&bc->lock);
+ was_empty = list_empty(&bc->list);
+ list_add_tail(&req->donelist, &bc->list);
+ spin_unlock(&bc->lock);
+
+ if (was_empty)
+ raise_blk_irq(ccpu);

local_irq_restore(flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_complete_request);

-int __init blk_softirq_init(void)
+__init int blk_softirq_init(void)
{
int i;

- for_each_possible_cpu(i)
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&per_cpu(blk_cpu_done, i));
+ for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
+ void *cpu;
+ int err;
+
+ cpu = (void *) (long) i;
+ err = blk_cpu_notify(&blk_cpu_notifier, CPU_UP_PREPARE, cpu);
+ BUG_ON(err == NOTIFY_BAD);
+ blk_cpu_notify(&blk_cpu_notifier, CPU_ONLINE, cpu);
+ }

- open_softirq(BLOCK_SOFTIRQ, blk_done_softirq, NULL);
register_hotcpu_notifier(&blk_cpu_notifier);
return 0;
}
diff --git a/block/blk-sysfs.c b/block/blk-sysfs.c
index 54d0db1..870e837 100644
--- a/block/blk-sysfs.c
+++ b/block/blk-sysfs.c
@@ -135,6 +135,70 @@ static ssize_t queue_max_hw_sectors_show(struct request_queue *q, char *page)
return queue_var_show(max_hw_sectors_kb, (page));
}

+static ssize_t queue_complete_affinity_show(struct request_queue *q, char *page)
+{
+ ssize_t len;
+
+ len = cpumask_scnprintf(page, PAGE_SIZE, q->complete_cpu);
+ len += sprintf(page+len, "\nlocal\t%d\nremote\t%d\n", q->local_complete, q->remote_complete);
+ return len;
+}
+
+static ssize_t queue_complete_affinity_store(struct request_queue *q,
+ const char *page, size_t count)
+{
+ char *p = (char *) page;
+ long val;
+
+ val = simple_strtol(p, &p, 10);
+ spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+ blk_queue_set_completion_cpu(q, val);
+ q->local_complete = q->remote_complete = 0;
+ spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+ return count;
+}
+
+static ssize_t queue_queue_affinity_show(struct request_queue *q, char *page)
+{
+ ssize_t len;
+
+ len = cpumask_scnprintf(page, PAGE_SIZE, q->queue_cpu);
+ len += sprintf(page+len, "\nlocal\t%d\nremote\t%d\n", q->local_queue, q->remote_queue);
+ return len;
+}
+
+static ssize_t queue_queue_affinity_store(struct request_queue *q,
+ const char *page, size_t count)
+{
+ char *p = (char *) page;
+ long val;
+
+ val = simple_strtol(p, &p, 10);
+ spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+ blk_queue_set_queue_cpu(q, val);
+ q->local_queue = q->remote_queue = 0;
+ spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+ return count;
+}
+
+static ssize_t queue_rq_affinity_show(struct request_queue *q, char *page)
+{
+ return queue_var_show(q->force_same_complete, page);
+}
+
+static ssize_t
+queue_rq_affinity_store(struct request_queue *q, const char *page, size_t count)
+{
+ unsigned long val;
+ ssize_t ret;
+
+ ret = queue_var_store(&val, page, count);
+ spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+ q->force_same_complete = !!val;
+ spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+
+ return ret;
+}

static struct queue_sysfs_entry queue_requests_entry = {
.attr = {.name = "nr_requests", .mode = S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR },
@@ -170,6 +234,24 @@ static struct queue_sysfs_entry queue_hw_sector_size_entry = {
.show = queue_hw_sector_size_show,
};

+static struct queue_sysfs_entry queue_complete_affinity_entry = {
+ .attr = {.name = "completion_affinity", .mode = S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR },
+ .show = queue_complete_affinity_show,
+ .store = queue_complete_affinity_store,
+};
+
+static struct queue_sysfs_entry queue_queue_affinity_entry = {
+ .attr = {.name = "queue_affinity", .mode = S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR },
+ .show = queue_queue_affinity_show,
+ .store = queue_queue_affinity_store,
+};
+
+static struct queue_sysfs_entry queue_rq_affinity_entry = {
+ .attr = {.name = "rq_affinity", .mode = S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR },
+ .show = queue_rq_affinity_show,
+ .store = queue_rq_affinity_store,
+};
+
static struct attribute *default_attrs[] = {
&queue_requests_entry.attr,
&queue_ra_entry.attr,
@@ -177,6 +259,9 @@ static struct attribute *default_attrs[] = {
&queue_max_sectors_entry.attr,
&queue_iosched_entry.attr,
&queue_hw_sector_size_entry.attr,
+ &queue_complete_affinity_entry.attr,
+ &queue_queue_affinity_entry.attr,
+ &queue_rq_affinity_entry.attr,
NULL,
};

diff --git a/include/linux/blkdev.h b/include/linux/blkdev.h
index 5e43772..7db3bdf 100644
--- a/include/linux/blkdev.h
+++ b/include/linux/blkdev.h
@@ -142,6 +142,7 @@ enum rq_flag_bits {
struct request {
struct list_head queuelist;
struct list_head donelist;
+ int cpu;

struct request_queue *q;

@@ -387,6 +388,11 @@ struct request_queue
#if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_BSG)
struct bsg_class_device bsg_dev;
#endif
+ cpumask_t queue_cpu;
+ cpumask_t complete_cpu;
+ int local_queue, remote_queue;
+ int local_complete, remote_complete;
+ int force_same_complete;
};

#define QUEUE_FLAG_CLUSTER 0 /* cluster several segments into 1 */
@@ -702,6 +708,8 @@ extern void blk_queue_segment_boundary(struct request_queue *, unsigned long);
extern void blk_queue_prep_rq(struct request_queue *, prep_rq_fn *pfn);
extern void blk_queue_merge_bvec(struct request_queue *, merge_bvec_fn *);
extern void blk_queue_dma_alignment(struct request_queue *, int);
+extern int blk_queue_set_queue_cpu(struct request_queue *, int);
+extern int blk_queue_set_completion_cpu(struct request_queue *, int);
extern void blk_queue_update_dma_alignment(struct request_queue *, int);
extern void blk_queue_softirq_done(struct request_queue *, softirq_done_fn *);
extern struct backing_dev_info *blk_get_backing_dev_info(struct block_device *bdev);
--
1.5.4.rc5.5.gab98
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