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Subject[PATCH 3/4] x86_64: Fold pda into per cpu area
  * Declare the pda as a per cpu variable. This will move the pda area
to an address accessible by the x86_64 per cpu macros. Subtraction
of __per_cpu_start will make the offset based from the beginning
of the per cpu area. Since %gs is pointing to the pda, it will
then also point to the per cpu variables and can be accessed thusly:

%gs:[&per_cpu_xxxx - __per_cpu_start]
* The boot_pdas are only needed in head64.c so move the declaration
over there. And since the boot_cpu_pda is only used during
bootup and then copied to the per_cpu areas during init, it is
then removable. In addition, the initial cpu_pda pointer table
is reallocated to be the correct size for the number of cpus.

* Remove the code that allocates special pda data structures.
Since the percpu area is currently maintained for all possible
cpus then the pda regions will stay intact in case cpus are
hotplugged off and then back on.

* Relocate the x86_64 percpu variables to begin at zero. Then
we can directly use the x86_32 percpu operations. x86_32
offsets %fs by __per_cpu_start. x86_64 has %gs pointing
directly to the pda and the per cpu area thereby allowing
access to the pda with the x86_64 pda operations and access
to the per cpu variables using x86_32 percpu operations.

* Introduces a new DEFINE_PER_CPU_FIRST to locate the percpu
variable (cpu_pda in this case) at the beginning of the percpu
.data section.

* This also supports further integration of x86_32/64.

Based on linux-2.6.git + x86.git

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Mike Travis <travis@sgi.com>
---
arch/x86/Kconfig | 3 +
arch/x86/kernel/head64.c | 41 +++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/setup64.c | 67 +++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
arch/x86/kernel/smpboot_64.c | 16 ---------
arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux_64.lds.S | 1
include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h | 2 +
include/asm-x86/pda.h | 13 +++++--
include/asm-x86/percpu.h | 33 +++++++++++-------
include/linux/percpu.h | 9 ++++-
9 files changed, 126 insertions(+), 59 deletions(-)
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -103,6 +103,9 @@ config GENERIC_TIME_VSYSCALL
config HAVE_SETUP_PER_CPU_AREA
def_bool X86_64

+config HAVE_ZERO_BASED_PER_CPU
+ def_bool X86_64
+
config ARCH_SUPPORTS_OPROFILE
bool
default y
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/start_kernel.h>
+#include <linux/bootmem.h>

#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/proto.h>
@@ -23,6 +24,12 @@
#include <asm/kdebug.h>
#include <asm/e820.h>

+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+/* Only used before the per cpu areas are setup. */
+static struct x8664_pda boot_cpu_pda[NR_CPUS] __initdata;
+static struct x8664_pda *_cpu_pda_init[NR_CPUS] __initdata;
+#endif
+
static void __init zap_identity_mappings(void)
{
pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset_k(0UL);
@@ -99,8 +106,14 @@ void __init x86_64_start_kernel(char * r

early_printk("Kernel alive\n");

+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ _cpu_pda = (void *)_cpu_pda_init;
for (i = 0; i < NR_CPUS; i++)
cpu_pda(i) = &boot_cpu_pda[i];
+#endif
+
+ /* setup percpu segment offset for cpu 0 */
+ cpu_pda(0)->data_offset = (unsigned long)__per_cpu_load;

pda_init(0);
copy_bootdata(__va(real_mode_data));
@@ -125,3 +138,31 @@ void __init x86_64_start_kernel(char * r

start_kernel();
}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+/*
+ * Remove initial boot_cpu_pda array and cpu_pda pointer table.
+ *
+ * This depends on setup_per_cpu_areas relocating the pda to the beginning
+ * of the per_cpu area so that (_cpu_pda[i] != &boot_cpu_pda[i]). If it
+ * is equal then the new pda has not been setup for this cpu, and the pda
+ * table will have a NULL address for this cpu.
+ */
+void __init x86_64_cleanup_pda(void)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ _cpu_pda = alloc_bootmem_low(nr_cpu_ids * sizeof(void *));
+
+ if (!_cpu_pda)
+ panic("Cannot allocate cpu pda table\n");
+
+ /* cpu_pda() now points to allocated cpu_pda_table */
+
+ for (i = 0; i < NR_CPUS; i++)
+ if (_cpu_pda_init[i] == &boot_cpu_pda[i])
+ cpu_pda(i) = NULL;
+ else
+ cpu_pda(i) = _cpu_pda_init[i];
+}
+#endif
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup64.c
@@ -32,9 +32,13 @@ struct boot_params boot_params;

cpumask_t cpu_initialized __cpuinitdata = CPU_MASK_NONE;

-struct x8664_pda *_cpu_pda[NR_CPUS] __read_mostly;
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+struct x8664_pda **_cpu_pda __read_mostly;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(_cpu_pda);
-struct x8664_pda boot_cpu_pda[NR_CPUS] __cacheline_aligned;
+#endif
+
+DEFINE_PER_CPU_FIRST(struct x8664_pda, pda);
+EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(pda);

struct desc_ptr idt_descr = { 256 * 16 - 1, (unsigned long) idt_table };

@@ -95,22 +99,14 @@ static void __init setup_per_cpu_maps(vo
int cpu;

for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
-#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
- if (per_cpu_offset(cpu)) {
-#endif
- per_cpu(x86_cpu_to_apicid, cpu) =
- x86_cpu_to_apicid_init[cpu];
- per_cpu(x86_bios_cpu_apicid, cpu) =
- x86_bios_cpu_apicid_init[cpu];
+ per_cpu(x86_cpu_to_apicid, cpu) =
+ x86_cpu_to_apicid_init[cpu];
+
+ per_cpu(x86_bios_cpu_apicid, cpu) =
+ x86_bios_cpu_apicid_init[cpu];
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
- per_cpu(x86_cpu_to_node_map, cpu) =
- x86_cpu_to_node_map_init[cpu];
-#endif
-#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
- }
- else
- printk(KERN_NOTICE "per_cpu_offset zero for cpu %d\n",
- cpu);
+ per_cpu(x86_cpu_to_node_map, cpu) =
+ x86_cpu_to_node_map_init[cpu];
#endif
}

@@ -139,25 +135,46 @@ void __init setup_per_cpu_areas(void)
/* Copy section for each CPU (we discard the original) */
size = PERCPU_ENOUGH_ROOM;

- printk(KERN_INFO "PERCPU: Allocating %lu bytes of per cpu data\n", size);
- for_each_cpu_mask (i, cpu_possible_map) {
+ printk(KERN_INFO
+ "PERCPU: Allocating %lu bytes of per cpu data\n", size);
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES
+ char *ptr = alloc_bootmem_pages(size);
+#else
char *ptr;

- if (!NODE_DATA(early_cpu_to_node(i))) {
- printk("cpu with no node %d, num_online_nodes %d\n",
- i, num_online_nodes());
+ if (NODE_DATA(early_cpu_to_node(i)))
+ ptr = alloc_bootmem_pages_node
+ (NODE_DATA(early_cpu_to_node(i)), size);
+
+ else {
+ printk(KERN_INFO
+ "cpu %d has no node, num_online_nodes %d\n",
+ i, num_online_nodes());
ptr = alloc_bootmem_pages(size);
- } else {
- ptr = alloc_bootmem_pages_node(NODE_DATA(early_cpu_to_node(i)), size);
}
+#endif
if (!ptr)
panic("Cannot allocate cpu data for CPU %d\n", i);
+
+ memcpy(ptr, __per_cpu_load, __per_cpu_size);
+
+ /* Relocate the pda */
+ memcpy(ptr, cpu_pda(i), sizeof(struct x8664_pda));
+ cpu_pda(i) = (struct x8664_pda *)ptr;
cpu_pda(i)->data_offset = ptr - __per_cpu_start;
- memcpy(ptr, __per_cpu_start, __per_cpu_end - __per_cpu_start);
}

/* setup percpu data maps early */
setup_per_cpu_maps();
+
+ /* clean up early cpu_pda pointer array */
+ x86_64_cleanup_pda();
+
+ /* Fix up pda for this processor .... */
+ pda_init(0);
}

void pda_init(int cpu)
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot_64.c
@@ -566,22 +566,6 @@ static int __cpuinit do_boot_cpu(int cpu
return -1;
}

- /* Allocate node local memory for AP pdas */
- if (cpu_pda(cpu) == &boot_cpu_pda[cpu]) {
- struct x8664_pda *newpda, *pda;
- int node = cpu_to_node(cpu);
- pda = cpu_pda(cpu);
- newpda = kmalloc_node(sizeof (struct x8664_pda), GFP_ATOMIC,
- node);
- if (newpda) {
- memcpy(newpda, pda, sizeof (struct x8664_pda));
- cpu_pda(cpu) = newpda;
- } else
- printk(KERN_ERR
- "Could not allocate node local PDA for CPU %d on node %d\n",
- cpu, node);
- }
-
alternatives_smp_switch(1);

c_idle.idle = get_idle_for_cpu(cpu);
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux_64.lds.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux_64.lds.S
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@ jiffies_64 = jiffies;
_proxy_pda = 1;
PHDRS {
text PT_LOAD FLAGS(5); /* R_E */
+ percpu PT_LOAD FLAGS(4); /* R__ */
data PT_LOAD FLAGS(7); /* RWE */
user PT_LOAD FLAGS(7); /* RWE */
data.init PT_LOAD FLAGS(7); /* RWE */
--- a/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
@@ -347,6 +347,7 @@
percpu : { } :percpu \
__per_cpu_load = .; \
.data.percpu 0 : AT(__per_cpu_load - LOAD_OFFSET) { \
+ *(.data.percpu.first) \
*(.data.percpu) \
*(.data.percpu.shared_aligned) \
____per_cpu_size = .; \
@@ -358,6 +359,7 @@
. = ALIGN(align); \
__per_cpu_start = .; \
.data.percpu : AT(ADDR(.data.percpu) - LOAD_OFFSET) { \
+ *(.data.percpu.first) \
*(.data.percpu) \
*(.data.percpu.shared_aligned) \
} \
--- a/include/asm-x86/pda.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/pda.h
@@ -38,11 +38,16 @@ struct x8664_pda {
unsigned irq_spurious_count;
} ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;

-extern struct x8664_pda *_cpu_pda[];
-extern struct x8664_pda boot_cpu_pda[];
-extern void pda_init(int);
-
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
#define cpu_pda(i) (_cpu_pda[i])
+extern struct x8664_pda **_cpu_pda;
+extern void x86_64_cleanup_pda(void);
+#else
+#define cpu_pda(i) (&per_cpu(pda, i))
+static inline void x86_64_cleanup_pda(void) { }
+#endif
+
+extern void pda_init(int);

/*
* There is no fast way to get the base address of the PDA, all the accesses
--- a/include/asm-x86/percpu.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/percpu.h
@@ -13,13 +13,19 @@
#include <asm/pda.h>

#define __per_cpu_offset(cpu) (cpu_pda(cpu)->data_offset)
-#define __my_cpu_offset read_pda(data_offset)
-
#define per_cpu_offset(x) (__per_cpu_offset(x))

+#define __my_cpu_offset read_pda(data_offset)
+#define __percpu_seg "%%gs:"
+
+#else
+#define __percpu_seg ""
#endif
#include <asm-generic/percpu.h>

+/* Calculate the offset to use with the segment register */
+#define seg_offset(name) per_cpu_var(name)
+
DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct x8664_pda, pda);

#else /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
@@ -64,16 +70,11 @@ DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct x8664_pda, pda);
* PER_CPU(cpu_gdt_descr, %ebx)
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
-
#define __my_cpu_offset x86_read_percpu(this_cpu_off)
-
/* fs segment starts at (positive) offset == __per_cpu_offset[cpu] */
#define __percpu_seg "%%fs:"
-
#else /* !SMP */
-
#define __percpu_seg ""
-
#endif /* SMP */

#include <asm-generic/percpu.h>
@@ -81,6 +82,13 @@ DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct x8664_pda, pda);
/* We can use this directly for local CPU (faster). */
DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, this_cpu_off);

+#define seg_offset(name) per_cpu_var(name)
+
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+#endif /* !CONFIG_X86_64 */
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+
/* For arch-specific code, we can use direct single-insn ops (they
* don't give an lvalue though). */
extern void __bad_percpu_size(void);
@@ -132,11 +140,10 @@ extern void __bad_percpu_size(void);
} \
ret__; })

-#define x86_read_percpu(var) percpu_from_op("mov", per_cpu__##var)
-#define x86_write_percpu(var,val) percpu_to_op("mov", per_cpu__##var, val)
-#define x86_add_percpu(var,val) percpu_to_op("add", per_cpu__##var, val)
-#define x86_sub_percpu(var,val) percpu_to_op("sub", per_cpu__##var, val)
-#define x86_or_percpu(var,val) percpu_to_op("or", per_cpu__##var, val)
+#define x86_read_percpu(var) percpu_from_op("mov", seg_offset(var))
+#define x86_write_percpu(var,val) percpu_to_op("mov", seg_offset(var), val)
+#define x86_add_percpu(var,val) percpu_to_op("add", seg_offset(var), val)
+#define x86_sub_percpu(var,val) percpu_to_op("sub", seg_offset(var), val)
+#define x86_or_percpu(var,val) percpu_to_op("or", seg_offset(var), val)
#endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
-#endif /* !CONFIG_X86_64 */
#endif /* _ASM_X86_PERCPU_H_ */
--- a/include/linux/percpu.h
+++ b/include/linux/percpu.h
@@ -18,11 +18,18 @@
__attribute__((__section__(".data.percpu.shared_aligned"))) \
PER_CPU_ATTRIBUTES __typeof__(type) per_cpu__##name \
____cacheline_aligned_in_smp
+
+#define DEFINE_PER_CPU_FIRST(type, name) \
+ __attribute__((__section__(".data.percpu.first"))) \
+ PER_CPU_ATTRIBUTES __typeof__(type) per_cpu__##name
#else
#define DEFINE_PER_CPU(type, name) \
PER_CPU_ATTRIBUTES __typeof__(type) per_cpu__##name

-#define DEFINE_PER_CPU_SHARED_ALIGNED(type, name) \
+#define DEFINE_PER_CPU_SHARED_ALIGNED(type, name) \
+ DEFINE_PER_CPU(type, name)
+
+#define DEFINE_PER_CPU_FIRST(type, name) \
DEFINE_PER_CPU(type, name)
#endif

--


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